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Coll 6/92 'SAUDI ARABIA: Activities of H.St.J. Philby (Haji Abdullah) Qn of with-holding pension.' [‎122r] (251/255)

The record is made up of 1 file (122 folios). It was created in 3 Sep 1939-1 Dec 1941. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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16th February, 1940.
16th February, 1940.
Decypher. Mr. Stonehev/er-Bird (Jedda)
16th February, 1940.
D. 5.00 p.m,
R. 7.50 p.m.
No. 29
&&&&&&&
Philby, since his arrival at Jedda from Riyadh and
Mecca has been openly indulging in disloyal and defeatist
talk in both Allied and neutral company.
2. His attitude which my French colleague, in a
telegram to his Government has described as "scandalous"
is briefly as follows: The Allies should not have embarked on
an unnecessary war, which is ruining Arabia and may ruin the world
they vail not be defeated but they cannot win and will in time
be obliged to conclude with Herr Hitler a patched-up peace.
British news service is contemptible and figures of shipping
losses are deliberately falsified.
3. In a recent conversation with the French Minister
he refared to the offer of the War Office to employ him
and stated that this had come to nothing because he had failed
to obtain an assurance of complete independence of the Arab
States after the war. it was obvious that His Majesty's
Government had no intention of implementing the promises in
the White Paper. if i bn S aud had sent for him from England
it was because he wished to learn the "truth" which he felt
he could not get from British representatives whose lips were
' SencfcolSS^S vith r V hat
constant access to Tbn 2^4. suc ^ V1 ®y s .^y one who has
Reneatprl to p Q 4 TV .^4. a H^ cons ^i’t^os a political menace.
Jerusalem telegrL Nof 4 ^fl^aviAg!’ ^ tSlegram No * 4 ’
I
i

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Content

This file concerns the British Government's response to what are described as 'disloyal and defeatist' comments made by Harry St John Bridger Philby to Allied and neutral officials in Saudi Arabia on the subjects of British policy in the Gulf and the Allied forces' war efforts. (The abbreviation 'Qn' in the title stands for 'Question'.)

The file includes extensive discussion about whether Philby's Indian Civil Service pension can and should be withheld on the grounds of 'grave misconduct'.

The correspondence also covers the following:

  • Whether, as an alternative measure, the British Government should seek to prevent Philby from travelling to territories where his views would be 'an embarrassment to British interests.'
  • Details of Philby's service as Chief British Representative in Transjordan between 1921 and 1924.
  • Ibn Saud's [‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd] views on Philby.
  • Arrangements for Philby to be arrested upon his arrival in Karachi, under Section 26 (1) (b) of the Defence of India Rules, before being deported to Britain.
  • The findings of a Home Office Advisory Committee on whether Philby's forcible removal from Karachi to Liverpool in August 1940 was lawful (in the correspondence it is acknowledged that Philby was deported without a formal order having been issued under Section 26 (1) (a) of the Defence of India Rules).
  • Philby's release, following the revocation of the detention order made against him.
  • Details of the possessions seized from Philby upon his arrest.

The file's principal correspondents are the following: His Majesty's Minister at Jedda (Hugh Stonehewer Bird); the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. , Bahrain (Hugh Weightman); the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. (Lieutenant-Colonel Charles Geoffrey Prior); Harry St John Bridger Philby; officials of the Foreign Office, the Colonial Office, the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , the Home Office, and the Government of India's External Affairs Department.

In addition to correspondence the file includes a copy of Foreign Office instructions for the impoundment of Philby's passport and a copy of Section 26 of the Defence of India Rules, as published in the Gazette of India , 3 September 1939.

The file includes a divider which gives a list of correspondence references contained in the file by year. This is placed at the back of the correspondence (folio 2).

Extent and format
1 file (122 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the file.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the last folio with 123; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

A previous foliation sequence, which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out.

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English in Latin script
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Coll 6/92 'SAUDI ARABIA: Activities of H.St.J. Philby (Haji Abdullah) Qn of with-holding pension.' [‎122r] (251/255), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/2165, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100074457098.0x000036> [accessed 24 January 2020]

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