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Coll 25/18 'Orders-in-Council: Qatar: Jurisdiction over foreigners in Qatar' [‎185r] (369/635)

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The record is made up of 1 file (314 folios). It was created in 18 Jul 1935-8 Jun 1935. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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very frightened of King Ihn £>aud end vented me to give him e
written assurance that the governments of foreign Moslem States
would not object to his (l*e* the Shaikh's) decisions In cases
affecting non-British t/osloms. I stated that he need have no
anxiety provided he adheres to the principles of justice as re
cognised in lohammadan Law*
4* >$o far the discussion had been successful* Ifo argumentj
however, would Induce the shaikh to agree to the exclusion of
Corporations from this definition. He took his stand on the
fact that there had been no mention of Corporations in previous
discussions, and he said in effect that sooner than agree to
this exception he would prohibit the formation or operation of
any Moslem Corporation in qatar. I was unable to make effective
use of the arguments supplied in paragraph 2 of your Express
letter under reference (in which the use of the word "non-J o8lem M
is apparently an error), since it was evident that the Shaikh
felt strongly that the persons or classes of persons over whom
he hed agreed to jurisdiction being exercised by Hi* Majesty's
Government were exclusive and that he retained jurisdiction over
all ethers. It is true that lie had never asked for or proposed
jurisdiction over fcoslam Corporations; nor on the other hand
had we. Since ordinarily a "person” includes a "Corporation”,
the absence of any reference to a Moslem Corporation in previous
discussions creates a presumption in favour of the Shaikh rather
than in our favour, tfy personal view is that we should give way
on this point* It seems to me highly improbable that any such
Moslem Corporations would come into existence or operation in
^atarj and consequently no particular object is served by pur
suing the point* In other words It sesris to me an error to pre
judice the attainment of our main object by insisting on pro
viding for something which may never exist or which in any event
is of little or no interest.

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Content

Correspondence, minute papers, and notes relating to the issue of The Qatar Order in Council A regulation issued by the sovereign of Great Britain on the advice of the Privy Council (in modern practice, upon the advice of government ministers). , 1939. The correspondence is mostly between officials at the Foreign Office, India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , Political Residency A diplomatic office of the British Government established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , and the Government of India, Foreign and Political Department (later, External Affairs). The papers concern the discussion of the need for the order, its drafting, issue, and distribution, as well as its revision in 1939.

Correspondence with the Shaikh of Qatar, Abdullah bin Jassim Al Thani [Shaikh ‘Abdullāh bin Jāsim Āl Thānī], is also included and mostly relates to his wish for assurance of his jurisdiction over Muslim foreigners.

A copy of the order is found on folios 138-153. A copy of the Kuwait Order in Council A regulation issued by the sovereign of Great Britain on the advice of the Privy Council (in modern practice, upon the advice of government ministers). is also included, for reference purposes (folios 271-86).

Extent and format
1 file (314 folios)
Arrangement

The file is arranged in chronological order from the back to the front.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the last folio with 317; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. Two additional foliation sequences are also present in parallel between ff 2-103 and ff 104-316. These are also both written in pencil and located in the top right corner of each folio. The former have been circled and crossed out, the latter have not been circled.

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English in Latin script
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Coll 25/18 'Orders-in-Council: Qatar: Jurisdiction over foreigners in Qatar' [‎185r] (369/635), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/3322, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100076249767.0x0000ac> [accessed 15 September 2019]

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