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Coll 25/18 'Orders-in-Council: Qatar: Jurisdiction over foreigners in Qatar' [‎186r] (371/635)

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The record is made up of 1 file (314 folios). It was created in 18 Jul 1935-8 Jun 1935. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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5. ahen I came to the matter of explaining the classes
of persons in respect 01 whom Jurisdiction would be exercised
by the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. , an even greater difficulty arose over
the provision in Article B(iii) of the draft Qatar Order-in-
.ouncil to the effect that the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. would exercise
jurisdiction, even if only through the Joint Court, over :)atar
subjects registered as being in regular service of British sub
jects or foreigners* Admittedly a similar provision exists in
the Bahrain and Kuwait Capers-in-Council (a fact which did not
appeal to the Shaikh as being of the faintest importance), but
the Bhaikh and his advisers were evidently convinced that the
result, if not tile object, of this clause is to nullify his
Jurisdiction over non-British I'Csloms* ( nee more he took his
3 and on the tact that nothing remotely approaching such a pro
vision had been mentioned in any previous discussion or communi
cation. It is essential to remember that in Qatar we deal with
people who are so intensely suspicious that no ordinary process
of reason can be expected to prevail unless the Shaikh and his
advisers can see clear and definite advantage to themselves.
Here again I would enquire if a provision of this nature is ac
tually essential. I do not of course know whether this provi
sion has been found of any advantage in Kuwait, but so far as
Bahrain is concerned it is a dead letter. I am unable to dis
cover that any Bahrain subject is or lias ever been registered
at the Agency An office of the British Government and, earlier, of the East India Company. as being in the service of a British subject or
foreigner, and even the Adviser to the Bahrain Government was
ignorant of the existence of this provision in the Bahrain tfden-
in-Council. I have now discovered that the ostensible purpose
of this provision in the Bahrain Order-in-Council was to obtain
jurisdiction over Bahrain subjects in the domestic service of
ritishers or foreigners, though of course it might well be
argued/-

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Content

Correspondence, minute papers, and notes relating to the issue of The Qatar Order in Council A regulation issued by the sovereign of Great Britain on the advice of the Privy Council (in modern practice, upon the advice of government ministers). , 1939. The correspondence is mostly between officials at the Foreign Office, India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , Political Residency A diplomatic office of the British Government established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , and the Government of India, Foreign and Political Department (later, External Affairs). The papers concern the discussion of the need for the order, its drafting, issue, and distribution, as well as its revision in 1939.

Correspondence with the Shaikh of Qatar, Abdullah bin Jassim Al Thani [Shaikh ‘Abdullāh bin Jāsim Āl Thānī], is also included and mostly relates to his wish for assurance of his jurisdiction over Muslim foreigners.

A copy of the order is found on folios 138-153. A copy of the Kuwait Order in Council A regulation issued by the sovereign of Great Britain on the advice of the Privy Council (in modern practice, upon the advice of government ministers). is also included, for reference purposes (folios 271-86).

Extent and format
1 file (314 folios)
Arrangement

The file is arranged in chronological order from the back to the front.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the last folio with 317; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. Two additional foliation sequences are also present in parallel between ff 2-103 and ff 104-316. These are also both written in pencil and located in the top right corner of each folio. The former have been circled and crossed out, the latter have not been circled.

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English in Latin script
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Coll 25/18 'Orders-in-Council: Qatar: Jurisdiction over foreigners in Qatar' [‎186r] (371/635), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/3322, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100076249767.0x0000ae> [accessed 24 June 2019]

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