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Coll 25/18 'Orders-in-Council: Qatar: Jurisdiction over foreigners in Qatar' [‎242v] (484/635)

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The record is made up of 1 file (314 folios). It was created in 18 Jul 1935-8 Jun 1935. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

Transcription

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2
4 . In the construction of this Order and of any rules, regulati
Ltmn^
or Orders made thereunder the following w T ords and express,
have the meaning hereby assigned to them, unless there be some
thing in the subject or context repugnant thereto, that is to say :—
“ Administration ” means letters of administration, includ
ing the same with wall annexed, or granted for special or limited
purposes, or limited in duration.
“ feu iwii ” includes all places and waters within the limits
of this Order.
’’British Protected person” means a person properly enjoying
appc;
dang
Gove:
Agen
His
of
Majesty’s protection in Qa^t&r(and includes the suhjectt
the Sultan of Musk&t)but does not include
( i)a British subject as defined in the British Nation
ality and Status of Aliens Act,1914;
(ii) the subjects of the Sheikhs of Bahrain,Kuwait ^
and Trucial States;or
(iii) such foreigners or c^atar subjects as are
persons subject to this order.
.iwawujn; juujLcr means a buojeci oi arre OTiai kit
or any person, not being a British subject, who is the national
of any other Muslim State.
“ British ship ” means a merchant ship, being a British ship ,
within the meaning of the Merchant Shipping Act, 1894,1 •
and, except where the context otherwise requires, includes a
ship belonging to any British subject as herein defined.
“ Foreigner ” means any person not a British or Kuwait
subject.
“ Judicial Assistant ” means the officer for the time being
appointed by the Secretary of State or with his previous or
subsequent assent, by the Governor-General of India in Coun
cil to be Judicial Assistant to the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. .
“ Chief Court ” means a Court held by the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency.
as hereinafter defined.
“ District Court ” means a Court held by the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency.
or by the Judicial Assistant.
The Court ” means a Court held by the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. ,
the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. , or the Judicial Assistant to the Political
"Joint Court” means a court composed of the Political
Agent &nd the Sheikh of Q,atar or their representatives.^^
1
pai
1
uni
ins
ma
tha
ref<
(
the
cis<
req
(
or
tra:
2
4 . In the construction of this Order and of any rules, regulatij
or Orders made thereunder the following words and expresJ
have the meaning hereby assigned to them, unless there be some
thing in the subject or context repugnant thereto, that is to say :—
“ Administration ” means letters of administration, includ
ing the same with will annexed, or granted for special or limited
. * ■ * purposes, or limited in duration.
(jl “ fcu” induces a ll places and waters within the limits
of this Order.
“ Brit.i-qh prnlpptpfj pp.rsnn ” mp.nns n. person, other than a
British subject as defined in the British Natinm^i^^aTTd^fatus
of Aliens Act, 1914 , (a) properlvenjiiyiftg^iTIs^Maje sty’s protec
tion in Kuwait, buddoes-^wtrihcTude foreigners or Kuwait sub
jects who^re-perSonTsubject to this Order under Article 8 ( 1 )
(hi) ef-t-hio Ot^ter:
British subject ” means and includes
( 1 ) any person who is a British subject as defined in the
British Nationality and Status of Aliens Act, 1914 ;
( 2 ) British protected persons;
( 3 ) any corporation incorporated under the law of any
part of.His Majesty’s dominions, protectorates, protected
^ states or mandated territories. 0 <c* 4 a**
£ “ Kuwait subject ” means a subject of the Shaikh of K**w?rit\
or any person, not being a British subject, who is the national
of any other Muslim State.
British ship ” means a merchant ship, being a British ship
within the meaning of the Merchant Shipping Act, 1894 , 0 ^
and, except where the context otherwise requires, includes a
ship belonging to any British subject as herein defined.
“ Foreigner ” means any person not a British or Kuwait
subject.
“ Judicial Assistant ” means the officer for the time being
appointed by the Secretary of State or with his previous or
subsequent assent, by the Governor-General of India in Coun
cil to be Judicial Assistant to the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. .
“ Chief Court ” means a Court held by the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency.
as hereinafter defined.
“ District Court ” means a Court held by the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency.
or by the Judicial Assistant.
“ The Court ” means a Court held by the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. ,
the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. , or the Judicial Assistant to the Political
Resident.
^ “ Qazi ” means any official Qazi appointed by the Shaikh
of Kttwa>it and accepted by the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. .
“ Imprisonment ” means imprisonment of either description
as defined in the Indian Penal Code.
“ Month ” means calendar month.
( A \ 4-5 ft. f>. c . 17.
57-8 Y. c. CO.

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Content

Correspondence, minute papers, and notes relating to the issue of The Qatar Order in Council A regulation issued by the sovereign of Great Britain on the advice of the Privy Council (in modern practice, upon the advice of government ministers). , 1939. The correspondence is mostly between officials at the Foreign Office, India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , Political Residency A diplomatic office of the British Government established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , and the Government of India, Foreign and Political Department (later, External Affairs). The papers concern the discussion of the need for the order, its drafting, issue, and distribution, as well as its revision in 1939.

Correspondence with the Shaikh of Qatar, Abdullah bin Jassim Al Thani [Shaikh ‘Abdullāh bin Jāsim Āl Thānī], is also included and mostly relates to his wish for assurance of his jurisdiction over Muslim foreigners.

A copy of the order is found on folios 138-153. A copy of the Kuwait Order in Council A regulation issued by the sovereign of Great Britain on the advice of the Privy Council (in modern practice, upon the advice of government ministers). is also included, for reference purposes (folios 271-86).

Extent and format
1 file (314 folios)
Arrangement

The file is arranged in chronological order from the back to the front.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the last folio with 317; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. Two additional foliation sequences are also present in parallel between ff 2-103 and ff 104-316. These are also both written in pencil and located in the top right corner of each folio. The former have been circled and crossed out, the latter have not been circled.

Written in
English in Latin script
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Coll 25/18 'Orders-in-Council: Qatar: Jurisdiction over foreigners in Qatar' [‎242v] (484/635), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/3322, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/mirador/81055/vdc_100076249768.0x000057> [accessed 17 September 2019]

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