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Coll 25/18 'Orders-in-Council: Qatar: Jurisdiction over foreigners in Qatar' [‎262r] (523/635)

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The record is made up of 1 file (314 folios). It was created in 18 Jul 1935-8 Jun 1935. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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f ,] r * r> r)
Gonfidential a i J , )
! ■■ i*' •• I
D>0,No*116-»S Of 1936^:.^ -v
, / , INDIA, DIRECT ^
; LL k
The Reaiaency^ c
-r
Bush ire, tne 13 tn February 1936.
& 3 j
M-, &
n J 23
b t <v v[
Could you please refer to the last two sentences of
paragraph 1 of your demi-official letter No* P.Z.?18b/30 f
dated the 14th October 1935, on the juridical position of
subjects of the Arab States of the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. vis-a-vis
the Rulers of other similar States.
2 .
The position can be summarised as follows*-
A* Bahrain *
(1) Subjects of other Arab States in the Gulf are
juridically treated as British protected persons,
i.e. they come under the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. not the
Shaikh. It would appear that when the Political
Agent issued the notice referred to in paragraph
2 of India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. letter No*P.Z.7185 covering all
foreign subjects, it should presumably only have
covered Qataris and Nejdis (Saudi subjects).
But, as in practice, jurisdiction over foreign
subjects and British protected persons has been
exercised for many years by the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency.
without any objection from the present Shaikh,
there would hardly seem any necessity now to
raise the question of our right to this juris
diction.
(2) Subjects of Kuwait, Muscat, Qatar, and Trucial
Shaikhdoms are not registered as British protect
ed persons, because for the purposes of registra
tion, as opposed to jurisdiction, they have not
been /
M. J. Clauson Esquire,
RECD. POL DEPT. The Indi£ ' office.
.-3 MAR 1936
INDIA OFFICE The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors.
London.

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Content

Correspondence, minute papers, and notes relating to the issue of The Qatar Order in Council A regulation issued by the sovereign of Great Britain on the advice of the Privy Council (in modern practice, upon the advice of government ministers). , 1939. The correspondence is mostly between officials at the Foreign Office, India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , Political Residency A diplomatic office of the British Government established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , and the Government of India, Foreign and Political Department (later, External Affairs). The papers concern the discussion of the need for the order, its drafting, issue, and distribution, as well as its revision in 1939.

Correspondence with the Shaikh of Qatar, Abdullah bin Jassim Al Thani [Shaikh ‘Abdullāh bin Jāsim Āl Thānī], is also included and mostly relates to his wish for assurance of his jurisdiction over Muslim foreigners.

A copy of the order is found on folios 138-153. A copy of the Kuwait Order in Council A regulation issued by the sovereign of Great Britain on the advice of the Privy Council (in modern practice, upon the advice of government ministers). is also included, for reference purposes (folios 271-86).

Extent and format
1 file (314 folios)
Arrangement

The file is arranged in chronological order from the back to the front.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the last folio with 317; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. Two additional foliation sequences are also present in parallel between ff 2-103 and ff 104-316. These are also both written in pencil and located in the top right corner of each folio. The former have been circled and crossed out, the latter have not been circled.

Written in
English in Latin script
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Coll 25/18 'Orders-in-Council: Qatar: Jurisdiction over foreigners in Qatar' [‎262r] (523/635), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/3322, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100076249768.0x00007e> [accessed 16 June 2019]

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