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Coll 25/18 'Orders-in-Council: Qatar: Jurisdiction over foreigners in Qatar' [‎294v] (588/635)

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The record is made up of 1 file (314 folios). It was created in 18 Jul 1935-8 Jun 1935. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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Bahrein, entitled to British protection. (See paragraphs 9
and 11 of Mr. Laithwaite's memorandum of 1930 flagged in
ly&e file),
3. As regards Koweit, please see the 1925
correspondence v/ith the Sheikh of Koweit (flagged red in the
bound volume), where the latter delegated to H.M.G.
jurisdiction over British subjects and protected persons and
the subjects and protected persons of non-Muslim foreign
governments. Although this correspondence is not explicit
on the point, it has always been read here, I think, as
leaving to the Sheikh jurisdiction over natives of the
Arab States of the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , ‘and indeed this
interpretation seems to be implicit in the correspondence,
particularly in view of the Bahrein precedent mentioned above.
4. We do not appear to have any correspondence bearing
on the position in regard to this question at Muscat, .
5. Colonel Fowle suggests that if there is any doubt
about the position at Kov/eit it might be desirable to ask the:
Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. whether lit- fact the subjects of the other
States of the Gulf in special treaty relations v/ith H.M.G .
are in fact treated as British protected persons for
* ■
jurisdictional purposes at Koweit.
6 . On the general question of the meaning of the
phrase "British protected persons" the Foreign Office would,
I think, agree that the phrase is a vague one, which is
susceptible of varying interpretations and that in practice
it can be and is interpreted for different purposes in
different ways in accordance with v/hat happens to suit us
best in any particular case. (I remember that in informal
conversation Mr. Fitzmaurice, the Foreign Office Legal
Adviser, recently agreed generally that this v/as the
position). It would also no doubt be generally agreed that
the term "British protected persons" used in its widest
sense would cover the natives of the Arab States in the
Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. i n special treaty relations with H.M.G. and

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Correspondence, minute papers, and notes relating to the issue of The Qatar Order in Council A regulation issued by the sovereign of Great Britain on the advice of the Privy Council (in modern practice, upon the advice of government ministers). , 1939. The correspondence is mostly between officials at the Foreign Office, India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , Political Residency A diplomatic office of the British Government established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , and the Government of India, Foreign and Political Department (later, External Affairs). The papers concern the discussion of the need for the order, its drafting, issue, and distribution, as well as its revision in 1939.

Correspondence with the Shaikh of Qatar, Abdullah bin Jassim Al Thani [Shaikh ‘Abdullāh bin Jāsim Āl Thānī], is also included and mostly relates to his wish for assurance of his jurisdiction over Muslim foreigners.

A copy of the order is found on folios 138-153. A copy of the Kuwait Order in Council A regulation issued by the sovereign of Great Britain on the advice of the Privy Council (in modern practice, upon the advice of government ministers). is also included, for reference purposes (folios 271-86).

Extent and format
1 file (314 folios)
Arrangement

The file is arranged in chronological order from the back to the front.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the last folio with 317; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. Two additional foliation sequences are also present in parallel between ff 2-103 and ff 104-316. These are also both written in pencil and located in the top right corner of each folio. The former have been circled and crossed out, the latter have not been circled.

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English in Latin script
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Coll 25/18 'Orders-in-Council: Qatar: Jurisdiction over foreigners in Qatar' [‎294v] (588/635), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/3322, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100076249768.0x0000bf> [accessed 16 June 2019]

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