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'Military Report of the Nushki-Chagai-Western Sinjarani Country' [‎74r] (152/302)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (147 folios). It was created in 1904. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

Transcription

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each of these karezes is a fine spring of good water which gushes out
of the ground. There is also another spring just east of and close to the
fort of Chigird. The spaces between the palm trees are highly cul
tivated, and rice could be grown in the swamp east of Chigird. There is
a good supply of water in the Jalk river below the palm groves which
is not utilized at present. There are several forts here. The principal,
Chigird, the residence of the Reki Sardar; Kohkan, the residence of
Kumal Khan; the Miri where the Governor lives, and another called
Kohsar. The governor is Madat Khan, younger son of Dilavvar Khan
of Dizak. Jalk is capable of great improvement, but at present owing
to the unsettled state of the country nothing approaching to the full
extent of its capabilities is turned to account. Trade is carried on
with Garmsel, Rodbar, Chagai, and Nushki towards the north, and
Panjgur and Dizak towards the south. The exports consist of dates,
for which Jalk is celebrated, and salt from the salt deposits of Wad-i-
Sultan. This is free of duty.
Grain and wool are imported. A duty of Re. i is levied on each
camel-load entering Jalk; this is collected by the Reki Sardar, who, how
ever, remits a portion to the Dizak chief, the Reki Sardar having the pri
vilege of exempting the caravans belonging to those tribes who are
allied to him either by marriage or treaty, from this tax Tradition
relates that the ancient name of Jalk was Gulshan, but after its destruc
tion by a force detached by Nadir Shah for the purpose of punishing the
Baluch tribes in 1736 or 1738, the name of Gulshan was discontinued,
and the present name given to it, as only a vestige of its former
splendour now remains.
The following is a list of some of the tribes W'ho inhabit the forts within
the limits of the palm grove known as Jalk
1. subdivided into the Jangianzai, Kohizai and Lashkozai.
2. Shai Mahomedzai —subdivided into Jangizai, Shahanzai.
3. Shahanzai —said to be of Rind descent from Kupa.
4. Sipdhi —a division of this is called Muridzai.
5. Arbnb —the former chief of Jalk was the Arbab Sardar of that time.
6. Shahabzai.
7. Kashani —a portion emigrated to Panjgur and are still to be found
there.
8. Kohkahni —inhabit fort of Kohkahn,a portion emigrated to Seistan.
9. Shaihan.
These tribes can muster 600 fighting-men. They are reputed as being
very brave and also greatly addicted to fighting among themselves, and
generally as being quarrelsome.
Owing to this and also because there is no one sufficiently powerful
to assume the leadership, their levies cannot be kept together for any
length of time. The leading men of Jalk are—Mir Lalla, Reki of
Chigird, and Mir Kamal Khan of Kohkahn. {Tate.)
JALK RIVER—
Is formed by the junction of the Pahra and Dash Kaurs. Rising
near Gusht the river turns north at Jalk and waters it and Dehgw r ar ;
any overflow that may find its way through the desert flows into the
Hamun-i-Mashkel.

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Content

A report, marked as secret, on the area of Nushki, Chagai, and Western Sinjarani. The report was compiled in the Intelligence Branch, Quarter Master General's Department. The report was commenced in 1897 by Captain R E Roome, 6th Bombay Cavalry (Jacob's Horse), and revised and completed by Major W C Walton, 104th Wellesley's Rifles, Deputy Assistant Quarter Master General in 1903. It was printed at the Government Central Printing Office, Simla, in 1904.

The report includes a preface by Colonel John E Nixon, Assistant Quarter Master General, Intelligence Branch (folio 5) and a glossary of vernacular terms used (folio 6). The main body of the report contains chapters on geography, communications, fortified posts and forts, climate, sanitation, resources, ethnography, history, administration, and military strength.

The second part of the report includes a gazetteer of topographical and ethnographic information (folios 36-127) and appendices covering wells, canals, and meteorology, and including a report on the signalling stations of the Dalbandin-Robat line, with sketches (folios 131-147).

The volume includes the following maps:

  • Map of Southern Baluchistan (folio 2)
  • Sketch Map of Signalling Line from Dalbandin to Robat (folio 148)
  • Map of Persian Seistan [Sistan] Cultivated Area (folio 149).
Extent and format
1 volume (147 folios)
Arrangement

The volume includes a table of contents (folios 5-6) with reference to the original pagination.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 149; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

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English in Latin script
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'Military Report of the Nushki-Chagai-Western Sinjarani Country' [‎74r] (152/302), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, Mss Eur F111/386, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100076627109.0x000099> [accessed 24 July 2019]

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