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Coll 30/159 'Ownership of Hawar Islands.' [‎53r] (106/361)

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The record is made up of 1 file (179 folios). It was created in 29 Apr 1936-15 Oct 1942. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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—5—
4-
of the Hawar Islands is not in dispute, their si
tuation is far better known to the rulers and
people of Bahrain than to Shaikh Jd)dull& of ^atar
because they are constantly frequented by the
Shaikhs of Bahrain and their people whereas no
member of the A1 Thani family has ever set foot on
these islands. The Hawar Islands have never belongti
to iatar# They have belonged, as they do today,
to the Rulers of Bahrain and the sole authority to
be exercised over the islands was and is the autho
rity of the Shaikhs of Bahrain#
8# The Hawar Islands consisting of one large
island, two or three small islands and a number of
rocky islets are a part of the Bahrain archipelago#
They have been under the rule of the Shaikhs of Bah
rain since about the time when the Khalifah conquered
Bahrain, in 1783. The Hawar Islands were held by
the Ruling Family of Bahrain, A1 Khalifah, for many
years before the iil Thani family acquired any autho
rity over the qatar tribesmen# Ho ruler of ^atar,
except t^he Khalifah when as rulers of Bahrain they
had authority over ^atar, has exercised authority
over the Hawar Islands or the inhabitants, either
by imposing on the inhabitants taxes or fees or by
summoning them to appear in the courts of the State#
9# The inhabitants of the Hawar Islands are
subjects of the Ruler of Bahrain. They affirm this
fact in the petition which is attached to this letter,
a petition which is signed by the leading men of
Hawar# Their boats are registered in Bahrain and
sail under the Bahrain flag, when they travel they
travel under Bahrain Passports, their boats are
registered in Bahrain and they pay boat registration

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Content

The file concerns the disputed claims of the rulers of Bahrain and Qatar to sovereignty over the Hawar Islands. The issue arose afresh in 1936 in response to a request from Petroleum Concessions Limited to settle the issue of ownership, in order that the Company could claim oil concession rights over the island as part of the concession not previously allocated to the Bahrain Petroleum Company (BAPCO) (the Bahrain Unallotted Area).

The papers contain statements of evidence on both sides, and correspondence discussing the question from the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ; the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. , Bahrain; the Foreign Office; Petroleum Concessions Limited; the Government of Bahrain; and the two rulers concerned. The British Government decided in 1939, after examining the evidence, that the islands belonged to Bahrain (folio 44). The papers show that the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , Lieutenant-Colonel Charles Geoffrey Prior, challenged the validity of this judgement in 1941, stating that the case had been decided 'according to western ideas, and no allowance has been made for local custom and sentiment' (folios 6-8). However, a subsequent letter on the subject from the Government of India to the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. concluded that it was then too late to reverse the decision (folio 4).

The Arabic language content of the papers consists of approximately five folios; these include photographs of judgements (with translation, folios 57-58) submitted by the Government of Bahrain to the British Government, showing that the Bahrain Court had exercised jurisdiction in legal cases concerning residents of Hawar (folios 130-133).

The file also includes photographs of places in Hawar (folios 126-127).

The file includes a divider, which gives a list of correspondence references contained in the file by year. This is placed at the back of the correspondence.

Extent and format
1 file (179 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the file.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the main foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 181; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. Two additional foliation sequences are also present in parallel between ff 3-179, and ff 48-88; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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Coll 30/159 'Ownership of Hawar Islands.' [‎53r] (106/361), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/3895, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100076666398.0x00006d> [accessed 16 November 2019]

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