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Coll 30/159 'Ownership of Hawar Islands.' [‎68r] (136/361)

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The record is made up of 1 file (179 folios). It was created in 29 Apr 1936-15 Oct 1942. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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t-w '-vmm
Translation of a letter dated the 9th Safar 1358
(30th March 1939) from Shaikh Abdullah bin Qasim A1 Thani,
Huler of Qatar, to the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. , Bahrain.
After Compliments.
Reference your letter No. C/9 dated 5th January 1939
(14-11-1357) enclosing a copy of the Bahrain Government's
letter about the Hawar Islands. I thank you for the short
opportunity which you have afforded me to enable me to examine
and investigate what has been written by the Bahrain Govern
ment on this matter.
Before commenting on the letter I beg to say *-
FOREWORD
Selfishness and covetousness are two of man's natural
instincts, on which nations have proceeded since times im
memorial, and which drive some people after their coveted
objects. This is due to some imaginations and fancies,
which develop to such an extent as to be ultimately mistaken
for facts, which enshroud the minds and affect the hearts
and senses. Then he would think that sophistication is one
of the laws of selfishness which can legitimately be used to
justify his actions when he challenges the rights of others
and takes possession of their properties without any real
justification. This is what has prompted the Bahrain Govern
ment to extract out of sophistry a few weak allegations for
use as a ladder on which to ascend to their coveted object.
But they should understand that any Government, however
tyrannical and powerful they may be and in whatever manner
they may stray from the right path, cannot hold on to false
pretences for unjustly taking possession of the properties
of others if those who will prevent them and compel them
to turn to the right path are available.
I therefore tequest you to reflect on the matter and
to subject it to careful examination. I invoke your conscience
in/-

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Content

The file concerns the disputed claims of the rulers of Bahrain and Qatar to sovereignty over the Hawar Islands. The issue arose afresh in 1936 in response to a request from Petroleum Concessions Limited to settle the issue of ownership, in order that the Company could claim oil concession rights over the island as part of the concession not previously allocated to the Bahrain Petroleum Company (BAPCO) (the Bahrain Unallotted Area).

The papers contain statements of evidence on both sides, and correspondence discussing the question from the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ; the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. , Bahrain; the Foreign Office; Petroleum Concessions Limited; the Government of Bahrain; and the two rulers concerned. The British Government decided in 1939, after examining the evidence, that the islands belonged to Bahrain (folio 44). The papers show that the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , Lieutenant-Colonel Charles Geoffrey Prior, challenged the validity of this judgement in 1941, stating that the case had been decided 'according to western ideas, and no allowance has been made for local custom and sentiment' (folios 6-8). However, a subsequent letter on the subject from the Government of India to the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. concluded that it was then too late to reverse the decision (folio 4).

The Arabic language content of the papers consists of approximately five folios; these include photographs of judgements (with translation, folios 57-58) submitted by the Government of Bahrain to the British Government, showing that the Bahrain Court had exercised jurisdiction in legal cases concerning residents of Hawar (folios 130-133).

The file also includes photographs of places in Hawar (folios 126-127).

The file includes a divider, which gives a list of correspondence references contained in the file by year. This is placed at the back of the correspondence.

Extent and format
1 file (179 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the file.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the main foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 181; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. Two additional foliation sequences are also present in parallel between ff 3-179, and ff 48-88; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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Coll 30/159 'Ownership of Hawar Islands.' [‎68r] (136/361), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/3895, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100076666398.0x00008b> [accessed 10 December 2019]

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