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File 4011/1923 Pt 1 'PERSIAN GULF NEGOTIATIONS 1928-33. BASIDU.' [‎17r] (38/1306)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (649 folios). It was created in 22 Oct 1923-29 Nov 1933. It was written in English, French and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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Sncloaur® Ho#l to Sast Indie* Letter No#766/8.1 .3273 J.
of 31st Oct. 1933#
MBIT*
BlA M l g V t
^•^•rence* to f in the pest record of the
East Indies Station 1836-1908.
18 v - Mt^o # JL >#7 Chief Said bin Ouzuh (of Lingah)#•#«** profuse in his
2nd May declaration of friendship declaring that although
1639# settled on Persian ground and tributary to Persia, he
considered himself an Snglish subject as they had always
protected him and were possessed of the sorereignty of
the seas, in which he had so great an interest...##....*#
He further asked whether it was the intention of
CtoTernnent to restore the Naval Establishment to Bussadore
and on being informed that no such thing was at present
contenplated, he asked whether Linger was calculated for
this purpose saying that he should be glad to see the
Bnglish there######
§83 - Report
83rd Oct#
1683.
6 - Letter
14th May
1886#
Pro* Commanding Officer, H.M.S# "WOODLARK" to the
Commander in Chief, East Indies t-
Many of the merchants of this place and of
Basiduh (on opposite coast of Kishm Island) consider
themselves British subjects, and have the Union Jack in
the corner of the long red Arab flag flown on their
vessels# This may be accounted for by the British
having occupied Basiduh for the last 60 years# (It was
the Headquarters of the H#B#I#C f 8 Navy in tha Persian
Gulf and a small detachment of Bombay Marines was only
withdrawn this year), and that their business is chiefly
in connection with Bombay, at which place they bank their
money,
Prom Commander-In-Chief, Bast Indies to the Secretary of
the Admiralty t-
and Baa eo do re (which was the old establishment of
the Indian Navy and is British Territory)# The buildings
have gone to dilapidation, but the reservoirs of water are
in good preservation.
Report
86th tfan.
1888# *
Prom Commanding Off leer, H.M.S. "OSPREY" to Commander-In-
Chief, Bast Indies s-
• •••••the Indian Government maintains a coal agent, who has
charge of everything, he has s boat and crew with which he
communicates with Llngah, there la also s native maintained
whose duty it le to hoist the Union Jack) this la the whol*
establishment, there is no coal kept there now, it is an
excellent place for vessels of the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. Division#.•< r
* I find from records at the Residency A diplomatic office of the British Government established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. that our
occupation of the place commenced in 1881 when troops
maintained in the Gulf for the suppression of piracy were
stationed

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Content

This volume relates to the British occupation of Basidu, situated on Kishm [Qeshm] Island in the Gulf, close to the south coast of Persia [Iran], and occupied by the British since the early 1820s. It is stated in the correspondence that the site had been used mainly as a coal depot for British naval vessels until 1913, and that since then it has been retained on 'political grounds', as a potential bargaining asset in negotiations with Persia.

The correspondence primarily concerns the British claim (or lack thereof) to Basidu, in the event of the Persian Government questioning Britain's ongoing occupation. It covers the history of Basidu's status and the various existing agreements that relate to it, as part of an attempt by the British to gather documentary evidence to support their claim. Also discussed are a number of reported incidents at Basidu, involving British representatives and the local Persian authorities, mainly regarding customs, taxes, and the presence of the British naval guard. In addition, the correspondence touches on Anglo-Persian relations in general, with occasional references being made to ongoing treaty negotiations between the two countries.

The volume's principal correspondents are as follows: the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ; the British Minister in Tehran; the Senior Naval Officer in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ; officials of the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , the Foreign Office, the Admiralty, and the Government of India's Foreign and Political Department. Other notable but less frequent correspondents include the following: the Foreign Secretary to the Government of India; the Viceroy of India; the Commander-in-Chief of the East Indies Station; the Law Officers of the Crown.

Included with the correspondence are several related documents, including the following: two sketch maps (f 622); copies (in English and Arabic) of a treaty dated 1856 between Muscat and Persia, in which the Imam of Muscat acknowledges Kishm Island as being part of the Persian Empire (f 179 and ff 221-223); draft and final copies of an India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. memorandum dated 18 October 1933, outlining Britain's understanding of the history of the status of Basidu from 1720 to 1928, including extracts from nineteenth century reports and related correspondence (ff 46-54 and ff 123-159); a submission of reference, prepared by the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. and the Foreign Office, for the Law Officers of the Crown, requesting the latter's legal opinion on the strength of the British claim to Basidu (ff 43-45 and ff 67-83); a copy of a secret report on Basidu, prepared by the Commander-in-Chief at the East Indies Station, containing extracts from the East Indies Station's records and notes from the Senior Naval Officer in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. (ff 16-38).

The Arabic language material consists of the aforementioned treaty text. The material written in French consists of small extracts from correspondence and treaty articles. It should be noted that there is no material covering the years 1924 and 1925.

The volume includes two dividers, which give a list of correspondence references contained in the volume by year. These are placed at the back of the correspondence (ff 4-5).

Extent and format
1 volume (649 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the volume.

The subject 4011 ( Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. Negotiations) consists of two volumes, IOR/L/PS/10/1094-1095. The volumes are divided into two parts, with each part comprising one volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 651; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Written in
English, French and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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File 4011/1923 Pt 1 'PERSIAN GULF NEGOTIATIONS 1928-33. BASIDU.' [‎17r] (38/1306), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/10/1094, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100077104051.0x000027> [accessed 20 November 2019]

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