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File 4011/1923 Pt 1 'PERSIAN GULF NEGOTIATIONS 1928-33. BASIDU.' [‎53v] (111/1306)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (649 folios). It was created in 22 Oct 1923-29 Nov 1933. It was written in English, French and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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G/I to Pol.
Res., July 9,
1901.
F.O. to I.O.,
November 6,
1926,
P. 3847/26.
subordinate to those of Muscat, which again, admittedly, are entirely subordinate
to those of Persia, and always have been so treated up to this very hour.”
46a. The opinion expressed by the Government of India in 1868 has since
held the field, and was maintained by them in 1875.
In 1901 the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. was instructed by the Government of Indjo
“ that no official of the Persian Government can be permitted to reside in
part of the station at Basidu without the express sanction of the British
Government.” ^ .. . . ,
47. In 1905 the coal agent at Basidu was instructed by the Resident,
p.G. 13, P . 119 . Sir Percy Cox, to warn a Persian customs officer who had interfered that “he
has no business in British territory, and if he persists he should not be allowed to
come within British territory.”
48. In November 1926 the Foreign Office remarked in a letter to the India
Office that, in view of the effect on the status of Henjam of admitting the Persian
claim to Basidu, “ it would be dangerous to allow doubt to be cast on the validity
of the British rights to Basidu, which rest on undisturbed occupation over a
long period.”
49. In 1928 consequent on a suggestion that the Persian Government were
likely to make an armed descent on Basidu, the Charge d’Affaires at Tehran was
instructed to make representations to the central customs authorities and, if
necessary, to warn the Persian Government that any molestation of British
Basidu, “which has been a British station for 100 years, would be a complete
negation of Minister of Court’s promise to Sir R. Clive.”( 4 ) The Senior Naval
Officer was simultaneously instructed to resist by force in the last resort, should
this prove necessary, any landing of armed Persians in Basidu.
50. In February 1930 on a Persian customs patrol dhow carrying a customs
officer from Lingah to examine the books of the mudir at Persian Basidu, and
anchoring off the British area, the officer in charge of the guard in British
Basidu, Lieutenant Gretton, requested the official from Lingah “to move his
vessel out of British waters.” The Persian official stated that he had not had
any instructions from Tehran as to anchoring in territorial waters, that he did
not know that he had anchored in British waters, and that he had anchored in
the same place several times before without protest. He added that he was
prepared to move if he had a written request from the commanding officer of
HALS. Ormonde or from Lieutenant Gretton. The latter (who was subsequently
informed by the senior naval officer that his action in raising the question with
^ >er ^xr was impolitic) then, with the approval of the commanding
officer .of H.M.S. Ormonde, “ sent a letter to the Persian customs official in the
following terms (in English and Persian)
I have to inform you that your customs dhow is anchored within the
erntoml waters of His Britannic Majesty. I therefore request that you
wi cause your dhow to be moved into Persian waters as soon as this can be
none this will be effected by moving your dhow about 800 yards to the
south-eastward. J
T!nf;^ h0W ivT n lJue / :ou, ' se r ? mov ed itself on the completion of its work in Persian
r» j ' 0 against the claim that the territorial waters of British
fi . n w Bas1 ^ we T re a PPears to have been made.
to Mr. Rendei, F ore jp.n Majesty’s Minister at Tehran informed the
iST w >' confident^W , have now been examined, and 1 am quite
" made to the L“o™T^ritfng ” P 06 * 10 " * ^ ^ **
India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , October 18, 1933. J ' G ' L
P. 2556/30.
P.Z.’359/33.
( 4 ) To maintain the stafws m/o in the Persian Cnip .
an Gulf during the continuance of treaty negotiations.

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Content

This volume relates to the British occupation of Basidu, situated on Kishm [Qeshm] Island in the Gulf, close to the south coast of Persia [Iran], and occupied by the British since the early 1820s. It is stated in the correspondence that the site had been used mainly as a coal depot for British naval vessels until 1913, and that since then it has been retained on 'political grounds', as a potential bargaining asset in negotiations with Persia.

The correspondence primarily concerns the British claim (or lack thereof) to Basidu, in the event of the Persian Government questioning Britain's ongoing occupation. It covers the history of Basidu's status and the various existing agreements that relate to it, as part of an attempt by the British to gather documentary evidence to support their claim. Also discussed are a number of reported incidents at Basidu, involving British representatives and the local Persian authorities, mainly regarding customs, taxes, and the presence of the British naval guard. In addition, the correspondence touches on Anglo-Persian relations in general, with occasional references being made to ongoing treaty negotiations between the two countries.

The volume's principal correspondents are as follows: the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ; the British Minister in Tehran; the Senior Naval Officer in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ; officials of the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , the Foreign Office, the Admiralty, and the Government of India's Foreign and Political Department. Other notable but less frequent correspondents include the following: the Foreign Secretary to the Government of India; the Viceroy of India; the Commander-in-Chief of the East Indies Station; the Law Officers of the Crown.

Included with the correspondence are several related documents, including the following: two sketch maps (f 622); copies (in English and Arabic) of a treaty dated 1856 between Muscat and Persia, in which the Imam of Muscat acknowledges Kishm Island as being part of the Persian Empire (f 179 and ff 221-223); draft and final copies of an India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. memorandum dated 18 October 1933, outlining Britain's understanding of the history of the status of Basidu from 1720 to 1928, including extracts from nineteenth century reports and related correspondence (ff 46-54 and ff 123-159); a submission of reference, prepared by the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. and the Foreign Office, for the Law Officers of the Crown, requesting the latter's legal opinion on the strength of the British claim to Basidu (ff 43-45 and ff 67-83); a copy of a secret report on Basidu, prepared by the Commander-in-Chief at the East Indies Station, containing extracts from the East Indies Station's records and notes from the Senior Naval Officer in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. (ff 16-38).

The Arabic language material consists of the aforementioned treaty text. The material written in French consists of small extracts from correspondence and treaty articles. It should be noted that there is no material covering the years 1924 and 1925.

The volume includes two dividers, which give a list of correspondence references contained in the volume by year. These are placed at the back of the correspondence (ff 4-5).

Extent and format
1 volume (649 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the volume.

The subject 4011 ( Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. Negotiations) consists of two volumes, IOR/L/PS/10/1094-1095. The volumes are divided into two parts, with each part comprising one volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 651; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Written in
English, French and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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File 4011/1923 Pt 1 'PERSIAN GULF NEGOTIATIONS 1928-33. BASIDU.' [‎53v] (111/1306), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/10/1094, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100077104051.0x000070> [accessed 13 November 2019]

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