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al-Ṣulḥ bayna al-ikhwān fī ḥukm ibāḥat al-dukhān الصلح بين الإخوان في حكم إباحة الدخان Nābulusī, ‘Abd al-Ghanī ibn Ismā‘īl نابلسي، عبد الغني بن إسماعيل [‎edge] (4/284)

The record is made up of Codex A collection of pages, usually gathered into quires, and bound between covers. ; ff. v+125+vi. It was created in Muḥarram 1161. It was written in Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: Oriental Manuscripts.

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Treatise in defense of tobacco smoking (شَرَب التُتُن) on medical and legal grounds, written in 1092/1682 (see Author's Colophon Section at the end of a manuscript text. , f. 127v, lines 11-13, transcribed below) by ‘Abd al-Ghanī ibn Ismā‘īl al-Nābulusī (عبد الغني بن إسماعيل النابلسي, b. 1641, d. 1731).

The copy was completed at the end of Muḥarram 1161/January-February 1748 (see Scribe's Colophon Section at the end of a manuscript text. , f. 127v, lines 14-16, transcribed below).

On the title page are recorded two lines (بيتان) of verse on the theme of smoking by Shaykh al-Zarqānī between the two hemistichs of which two new hemistichs have been inserted (a poetic practice known as تشطير) by al-Shaykh al-Ṣafwānī al-Rashīdī.

The treatise is divided into seven chapters (فصول), a list of which is given in the introduction (ff. 6v-7v):

  • Chapter One: Explanation of why people disagree over judging some things permissable, and why fatwas from the ulamas disagree over allowing or prohibiting tobacco smoking (الفصل الأول في بيان سبب اختلاف الناس في حكم بعض الأشياء المباحة وسبب اختلاف الفتاوى من العلماء في حل شرب التتن وحرمته; ff. 7v-21v);
  • Chapter Two: The initial use of this special plant known as tobacco, the origin of the method of smoking it in this special way, a discussion of its appearance in the Levant and elsewhere, an explanation of its names and the names of its paraphernalia (الفصل الثاني في ابتداء استعمال هذا النبات المخصوص المعروف بالتتن وأصل كيفية شربه على هذا الوجه المخصوص وذكر أول حدوثه بالبلاد الشامية وغيرها وبيان أسمائه وأسماء آلاته; ff. 21v-28r);
  • Chapter Three: Explanation of the origin of smoke in general, knowledge of how it is produced, and a discussion of its benefits and harms (الفصل الثالث في بيان أصل الدخان المطلق ومعرفة كيفية تولده وذكر منافعه ومضاره; ff. 28r-34v);
  • Chapter Four: Explanation of this special plant called tobacco, and a discussion of its smoke and benefits (الفصل الرابع في بيان هذا النبات المخصوص المسمى بالتتن وذكر دخانه ومنافعه; ff. 34v-44v);
  • Chapter Five: Explanation of the flawed evidence adduced by those who say the use of tobacco is forbidden (الفصل الخامس في بيان الأدلة الفاسدة التي استدل بها من حرم استعمال التتن; ff. 44v-104r);
  • Chapter Six: Summary of what is said in the statement allowing the smoking of tobacco after forbidding it has been refuted, prohibitive and abstinential disgust, and the difference of the first (الفصل السادس في ملخص ما يقال من التصريح بإباحة شرب التتن بعد انتفاء الحرمة عنه والكراهة التحريمية والتنزيهية وخلاف الأولى; ff. 104r-119r);
  • Chapter Seven: What we have discovered about the truth of tobacco smoking according to the moderns from poetic verses and refined love poems, and what we have written of this sort as a conclusion for what we have intended in writing these chapters (الفصل السابع فيما وجدناه في حق شرب التتن للمتأخرين من الأبيات الشعرية والتغزلات الأدبية وما لنا في ذلك على هذا المثال تتميمًا لما قصدناه من تحرير المقال; ff. 119r-127v).

Begins (f. 2v, lines 2-6):

الحمد لله الذي جعل استعمال دخان التتن

نافعًا بتجفيفه الرطوبات الزائدة في الأجسام

ومحللًا لما تكاثف في الصدر من لزوجة البلغم

ومهضمًا عن المعدة ثقل الطعام وطاردًا

للرياح المحتبسة في العروق ...

Ends (f. 127v, lines 9-11):

هذا آخر ما أردنا إراده في بيان هذه المسئلة

نفّع الله تعالى بها الأمة وأزال بسببها

عنهم في ذلك الغمة ...

Author's Colophon Section at the end of a manuscript text. (f. 127v, lines 11-13):

... وقد وافق فراغ تبييضها

نهار الأربع أواخر شهر ذي الحجة المباركة

ختام سنة 1092 أثنين وتسعين وألف

Scribe's Colophon Section at the end of a manuscript text. (f. 127v, lines 14-16):

ووافق أيضًا انتهاء تحرير هذه النسخة نهار

الجمعة المباركة ختام شهر محرم الحرام المبارك

(له 27 ع ؟) سنة 1161

Extent and format
Codex A collection of pages, usually gathered into quires, and bound between covers. ; ff. v+125+vi
Physical characteristics

Material: Western laid paper

Dimensions: 214 x 140 mm leaf [160 x 76 mm written]

Foliation: Eastern Arabic foliation in black ink; British Museum foliation in pencil

Ruling: No ruling visible; 15 lines per page; vertical spacing 10 lines per 10 cm

Script: Naskh

Ink: Black ink, with rubricated headings and text frames in red and green

Decoration: Illuminated incipit with gold and floral pattern; each page has a text frame in red and green

Binding: Ottoman boards and envelope flap of red leather binding attached to new, rounded (European style) spine; boards and envelope flap have block stamped medallions and borders

Condition: Excellent; extremely minor water damage to head towards front and back of volume

Marginalia: Very few; all (?) by hand of scribe

Seals: None

Written in
Arabic in Arabic script
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al-Ṣulḥ bayna al-ikhwān fī ḥukm ibāḥat al-dukhān الصلح بين الإخوان في حكم إباحة الدخان Nābulusī, ‘Abd al-Ghanī ibn Ismā‘īl نابلسي، عبد الغني بن إسماعيل [‎edge] (4/284), British Library: Oriental Manuscripts, Add MS 19547, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100079048630.0x000005> [accessed 19 November 2019]

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