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File 57/1928 Pt 12 'Iraq-Nejd Relations: Koweit Frontier Situation.' [‎442r] (894/1286)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (639 folios). It was created in 1 Mar 1929-24 Apr 1930. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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44/
a most inconvenient exces-s for further intrusion.
As Y result of the discussion at which Wing Commander
Oliver was present, it was decided that the Shaikh should
purchase up to twelve motor cars which are to he fitted with
lev/is 0 u ns for the P^°« ection 3:113 territory against any
aggression on the part of Najd rebels or -arab raiders, wing
Commander Oliver stated that the Royal Air Force in Iraq
were prepared to help the Shaikh with the fittings and with
the Lewis guns. He was of opinion that the Royal Ait
Force would supply these free of charge if the Shaikh provided
the motor cars on which they were to he mounted.
i consider that defence hy highly mobile armed cars
s the best suited to the conditions of Kuwait, but I do not
gree that all assistance provided by the Royal Air Force
hould be granted free of charge. The Shaikh should be
ncouraged to rely on his own resources and not to turn
ike a pauper suppliant to the British or Indian Government
n all occasions. I consider therefore that the most the
loyal Air ITorce should he expected to do is to supply the
*ewis guns and fittings at cost price.
There remains the question of the training of the gun
:rews. i am aware that the Shaikh has a Poohtah who runs
lis electric light, cinema, etc., and idionhe considers O oo
snough to instruct his gunners; hut I am not at all
in hi high estimation 01
satisfied that the Shaikh is correct m his hi 0 n
r . .. regrettable if the Kuwait
?oohbah's capacity, it would - o
™.d crs .dduld fid into .»«
I consider therefore the. you =ho»ld endo.vour to
c a. «n“-rnc;t the training
o-i vh \hmed to ©ntruo u
pursuade His Excellency o>haikn
4nval Air Force instructors,
of his motor car crew to Hoya
n-p-pirially of 13:16 Siiaikii 1 s
I shall be glad to hear ofuciai v
■vio as the present disturbed
proposal as early as possibl ,
condition of Hajd requires promp- a
I have, etc.,
Politioal He.ld.nt In the

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Content

The volume concerns the effect of the activities of the Akhwan (also referred to as Ikhwan, and frequently described as 'rebels'), and their conflict with Ibn Saud (also referred to as Bin Saud) [‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd], on the frontier between the Kingdom of Hejaz and Nejd (usually referred to separately as Hejaz or Nejd), and Koweit [Kuwait].

In addition to India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. correspondence and memoranda, the volume includes correspondence from: the High Commissioner for Iraq; the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. (Lieutenant-Colonel Cyril Charles Johnson Barrett); the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. , Kuwait (Lieutenant-Colonel Harold Richard Patrick Dickson); the British Agent and Consul, Jeddah; the Colonial Office; the Foreign Office; the Air Ministry; the Government of India; Fuad Hamza, Acting Minister for Foreign Affairs, Hejaz Government; and Ibn Saud.

The papers cover: British concerns about being forced to defend Kuwait (e.g. folio 628); reports of Akwan raids; the activities of individual tribes (e.g. the Ajman); the question of whether the Akhwan should be allowed refuge in Kuwait; the role of the Royal Air Force (RAF) in reconnaissance and bombing; the activities of the Akhwan leader Faisal al Dawish [Fayṣal bin Sulṭān al-Dawīsh]; the attitude of the Shaikh of Kuwait (Ahmad bin Jabir [Aḥmad al-Jābir Āl Ṣabāḥ]) to Ibn Saud; a request from the Shaikh of Kuwait for Lewis guns for use in armoured cars; the leaking of supplies from Kuwait to the Akhwan; the description of the Shaikh of Kuwait as 'a mild Wahabi' (folio 364); requests from the Shaikh of Kuwait for the supply of arms and ammunition; Ibn Saud's stated wish to 'annihilate the Ajman' (folio 311); reports of fighting on the border between Ibn Saud's forces and the Akhwan; a report by the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. , Kuwait on Ajman marriage connections with the Al Subah [Āl Ṣabāḥ] family, August 1929; reports of the death of Faisal al Dawish, October 1929; intelligence reports by the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. , Kuwait; and British agreement to supply ammunition to the Shaikh of Kuwait, October 1929.

The file includes a divider which gives the subject number, the year the subject file was opened, the subject heading, and a list of correspondence references contained by year. This is placed at the back of the correspondence.

Extent and format
1 volume (639 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the volume. The subject 57 (Iraq-Nejd Relations) consists of sixteen volumes, IOR/L/PS/10/1234-1249. The volumes are divided into nineteen parts, with each part comprising one volume, apart from parts 4-5, 7-8, and 17-18, which each comprise a single volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the first folio with 1 and terminates at the last folio with 635; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. An additional foliation sequence is present in parallel between ff 12-635; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled. The foliation sequence does not include the front and back covers, nor does it include the leading and ending flyleaves.

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English in Latin script
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File 57/1928 Pt 12 'Iraq-Nejd Relations: Koweit Frontier Situation.' [‎442r] (894/1286), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/10/1243, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100080319047.0x00005f> [accessed 27 January 2020]

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