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File 57/1928 Pt 16 'Iraq-Nejd Frontier: Bon Voisinage agreement between Iraq & Nejd' [‎353r] (716/1862)

The record is made up of 1 volume (926 folios). It was created in 28 Jan 1930-1 Jan 1931. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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Xraaalotion of letter Uo.24/l0/a.
dated 25td kay,193^
»
( 2 /th DhdL*Hijjati 1346 ) t from th© Minister for
^oroign Affairs, Mecca, to tne Minister for foreign
Affairs, nagjbdad.
four Ixcollenoy,
I have the honour to inform you that on my
arrival, together with my colleague Shaikh mfiz Wahba,
in Hijaa we informed ay Lord His Majesty the Ling of <
the negotiations which took place between us and His
Axcelleney your predecessor on the various questions
concerning Kajd and ’Iraq, and slnwed ills Majesty the
project (or draft) of the Treaty of Friendship and (
Bon Voisinage and the Arbitration Protocol aceoapany-
ing it in the form finally agreed upon between us
and Maji Pasha, Hi© Majesty expressed hia gratifica
tion with the appreciable progress we made in the
relations between the two neighbouring and sister
countries, and his desire and firm hope to see these
relations, the bases of which were with the help of
God established at the royal meeting between His
Majesty and His Majesty Ling Faisal, strong and
stable in their foundations and superstructure.
His Majesty has been and continues to foe very
anxious that the relations of his country with ’Iraq
should be always friendly and free from any blemish,
embarrassment or weakness. For this reason, he has
made it perfectly clear that he was genuinely desirous
that no opportunity should be left for the clouding
of the clear atmosphere of the relations, or tne dis
turbance of the state of bon voisinage, existing
between them ("Iraq and iajd). As His Majesty has
ascertained that the cause of clouding the clear
atmosphere of (good) relations in the past was most
/frequently

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Content

The volume concerns negotiations over the signing of a friendship and bon voisinage [border co-operation] agreement between the Kingdom of Iraq, and the Kingdom of Hejaz and Nejd (usually referred to separately as Hejaz or Nejd), following the suppression by the Hejaz Government of the Akhwan [Ikhwan] 'revolt'.

In addition to India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. correspondence and memoranda, the volume includes correspondence from: the High Commissioner for Iraq; the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. (Lieutenant-Colonel Hugh Vincent Biscoe); the Colonial Office; the Foreign Office; HM Minister, Jeddah (Sir Andrew Ryan); officials of the governments of Iraq, and Hejaz and Nejd; Ibn Saud [‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd, King of Hejaz and Nejd]; and King Faisal [Fayṣal I] of Iraq.

The papers cover: the presence of rebel Akhwan refugees in Iraq and Koweit [Kuwait]; correspondence concerning the request of the Hejaz and Nejd Government for the extradition from Iraq of the Ikhwan leader Farhan Ibn Mashhur [Farḥān bin Mashhūr al-Sha‘lān], who was regarded by the Hejaz and Nejd Government as a rebel and criminal; the surrender to the Hejaz and Nejd Government of Faisal al Dawish [Fayṣal bin Sulṭān al-Dawīsh], January 1930; negotiations over the payment by Ibn Saud of £10,000 as compensation for raids by rebel tribes into Iraq and Kuwait, in the proportion £7,000 to Iraq and £3,000 to Kuwait; papers concerning the conference between Ibn Saud and King Faisal on board HMS Lupin , February 1930; negotiations over the signing of a friendship and bon voisinage agreement between the two states, and a protocol on arbitration; drafts of the agreements (folios 448-455 and 689-693); reports by Captain John Bagot Glubb, Administrative Inspector, Government of Iraq, including praise for his work from Ibn Saud (folio 506); reports by the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. , Kuwait (Lieutenant-Colonel Harold Richard Patrick Dickson) concerning the settlement of frontier issues between Kuwait and Nejd; the Hejaz and Nejd Government's insistence that an extradition treaty should be negotiated before the signing of a treaty of friendship and bon voisinage; difficulties over the definition of 'political offenders' under the terms of an extradition treaty; the claim by Iraq of £30,000 from Ibn Saud in settlement of raids from Nejd into Iraq; arrangements for the extradition of Ibn Mashhur to Hejaz and Nejd; complaints by the Iraq Government over the activities of agents of Ibn Saud on the Iraq frontier; claims by the Hejaz and Nejd Government totalling £20,500 for damages for losses sustained by Nejdi tribesmen, including £4,000 for casualties incurred during operations by the Royal Air Force (RAF); comments by British officials on the draft bon voisinage agreement; and attempts by Ibn Mashhur to avoid returning to Hejaz by remaining in Syria, December 1930.

The French language content of the papers consists of two items (two folios in total) of diplomatic correspondence.

The file includes a divider which gives the subject number, the year the subject file was opened, the subject heading, and a list of correspondence references contained by year. This is placed at the back of the correspondence.

Extent and format
1 volume (926 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the volume. The subject 57 (Iraq-Nejd Relations) consists of sixteen volumes, IOR/L/PS/10/1234-1249. The volumes are divided into nineteen parts, with each part comprising one volume, apart from parts 4-5, 7-8, and 17-18, which each comprise a single volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the first folio with 1 and terminates at the last folio with 922; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. An additional foliation sequence is present in parallel between ff 631-922; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled. The foliation sequence does not include the front and back covers, nor does it include the leading and ending flyleaves.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
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File 57/1928 Pt 16 'Iraq-Nejd Frontier: Bon Voisinage agreement between Iraq & Nejd' [‎353r] (716/1862), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/10/1247, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100081990301.0x000075> [accessed 20 October 2019]

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