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'PRINCIPAL DESPATCHES AND CORRESPONDENCE RELATING TO PERSIA CONNECTED WITH THE SUMMARY OF EVENTS AND MEASURES OF VICEROYALTY OF HIS EXCELLENCY LORD CURZON OF KEDDLESTON IN THE FOREIGN DEPARTMENT. JANUARY 1899 TO NOVEMBER 1905. VOLUME IV-PART IV. PERSIA.' [‎60r] (124/136)

The record is made up of 1 volume (64 folios). It was created in 1908. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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[Confidential.]
{Received on the 24 th July /905, under cover of a letter from His Britannic Majesty’s
Minister, Tehran, No. 37 , dated the 24 th June 1903 .)
Gulahek,
Jime 10 th, igo^.
(Copy.)
No. 126.
My Lord,
I had the honour to receive by last messenger Your Lordship's despatch
No. 67 of April 26th enclosing a report of the proceedings of the Committee of
Imperial Defence on the subject of Persia, and of the remarks made by Your
Lordship and the Prime Minister respecting the various points discussed on that
occasion.
I observe that Your Lordship stated that with a view to putting an end
the chronic diplomatic contest at Tehran, overtures had been made to the Rus
sian Government for the partition of Persia into spheres of influence, but that
these suggestions had been declined.
I trust that I shall not be deemed officious, my opinion on this matter not
having been invited, if I venture to submit that no agreement with Russia on the
basis of a partition of Persia into “ spheres of influence ^ is practicable—bearing in
mind that such spheres in a decadent Eastern Kingdom tend to become, sooner
or later, to all intents and purposes, protectorates—unless it provides for the inclu
sion within the Russian sphere of a portion of the coast of the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , a
concession which all past British Governments have regarded as inconsistent with
the vital interests of our Indian Empire. It may indeed be doubted whether Rus
sia would regard as satisfactory any partition which finally excluded her from
access to the Indian Ocean across Khorassan and Persian Baluchistan, though
she might conceivably be satisfied, at least for a time, with the control of the
coast line of Arabistan from Mohammerah to Bunder Dilam or Bushire, in return
for an undertaking on our part not to use our paramountcy further east in order
to fortify Ras Musandim or the opposite islands of Hormuz, Kishm and Henjam.
Her object being to reach the warm water she can never willingly acquiesce in an
arrangement which would definitely frustrate it by substituting on the shores of
the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. the vigorous grasp of Great Britain for the weak and tottering
authority of the Shah.
I have, however, always felt, since I have given my mind to the study of the
affairs of this country that an understanding with Russia about Persia resting on
a different basis, though undoubtedly difficult, was not necessarily impossible of
attainment.
The consistent policy of Russia in Persia has been gradually and impercep
tibly to establish a 0 veiled protectorate ” by subjugating it commercially and
financially; isolating it as far as.possible from all contact with foreign influences ;
appropriating its revenues as the security for political loans ; preventing it from
progressing or developing its resources, except through Russian agencies ; and
then, having reduced the Shah to a state of complete vassalage and impotence,
to rule through him and in his name, by means of authoritative Russian advisers,
from the Caspian sea to the Gulf and from the Turkish to the Indian frontiers.
The loan contract of 1900, which made Russia the sole purveyor of money to a
bankrupt, corrupt, and spendthrift Court, seemed to have brought her within
measurable distance of this goal. There was of course always a slight danger
that the Shah might resent the process described above, but in this event she
could always count on bringing him into line by a stoppage of supplies, whilst
her grip on Khorassan and Azerbaijan, and her power of raising troubles in those

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Content

Published by Superintendent Government Printing, India, Calcutta.

The volume consists of a draft Part IV to the Summary of the Principal Events and Measures of the Viceroyalty of His Excellency Lord Curzon of Keddleston, Viceroy and Governor-General of India in the Foreign Department. I. January 1899-April 1904. II. December 1904-November 1905. Volume IV. Persia and the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. (Parts I-III), published by GC [Government Central] Press, Simla, 1907 [Mss Eur F111/531-534].

The volume includes a letter from the Foreign Department, Government of India, to Lord Curzon, dated 27 August 1908, stating that an examination of their records had shown that these were the essential despatches, and hoping that the volume would answer Lord Curzon's purpose.

The despatches and correspondence cover the period 1899-1905, and include correspondence from the Secretary of State for India, and HBM's Minister at Tehran, and cover the question of the appointment of an additional consular officer in Persia, 1899 (with map); relations between Britain and Persia; the protection of British interests in Persia; British policy on Persia; the political and financial situation in Persia; and the threat of Russian encroachment.

Extent and format
1 volume (64 folios)
Arrangement

The despatches and correspondence are arranged in chronological order from the front to the rear of the volume. There is a list of contents on folio 6, giving details of name and date of paper, subject, and page number.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 66; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. Pagination: the volume also contains an original manuscript pagination sequence.

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'PRINCIPAL DESPATCHES AND CORRESPONDENCE RELATING TO PERSIA CONNECTED WITH THE SUMMARY OF EVENTS AND MEASURES OF VICEROYALTY OF HIS EXCELLENCY LORD CURZON OF KEDDLESTON IN THE FOREIGN DEPARTMENT. JANUARY 1899 TO NOVEMBER 1905. VOLUME IV-PART IV. PERSIA.' [‎60r] (124/136), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, Mss Eur F111/535, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100083163671.0x00007d> [accessed 23 August 2019]

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