Miscellaneous correspondence, reports, maps and other papers concerning the Middle East [72v] (145/220)
The record is made up of 1 file (110 folios). It was created in 27 Aug 1893-19 Dec 1918. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .
This transcription is created automatically. It may contain errors.
the IGth February, discussing Arab affairs in relation to the work of the Mis
sion with the High Commissioner and the Officers in charge of the Arab
On the 16th February, matters now being in a fair way towards final
settlement, I left Cairo on my rteurn journey to Basrah via Suez, Karachi and
Bombay and on the 24th March, 1918, arrived at my destination.
By this time Sir P. Cox had departed on his way to Egypt and England
and 1 decided to remain at Basrah until the orders of His Majesty’s Govern
ment on the final proposals made in his telegram, No. B-29, dated the 9th
March, 1918, from Maskat, were received.
On the 26th March, I received a telegram from you informing me that
Sir P. Cox’ proposals had received the sanction of His Majesty’s Government,
and I was thus free to return to Ibn Sand to communicate the result of my
My original plan was to return to Ibn Saud, who was then said to be in
Hasa, via Kuwait, but the arrival of messengers from Dhari ibn Tawala, then
residing at Hafar in accordance with my previous instructions, decided me to
travel up the Batin to Dhari’s Camp and thence down to Ibn Saud.
Accordingly on the 28th March, 1918, I travelled by rail to Zubair, and
on the following morning struck into the interior. Arriving at Dhari’s camp
near Hafar on the 2nd April I rested there the two following days discussing
the affairs of the desert, and on the 5th April, accompanied by Diiari himself,
I resumed my march southward to Ibn Saud.
Arriving at Shaib Shauki on the Arma plateau on the 11th April, I found
that Ibn Saud had arrived there the same day from Hasa. Here I accordingly
remained till the 16th April discussing matters with Ibn Saud and then
accompanied him to Riyadh which we reached on the 19th April.
The result of my discussions with Ibn Saud had been an undertaking on
his part to mobilize for action against Ibn Rashid in the coming Ramdhan
(June-July) and to spend the intervening period in laying in necessary provi
sions and making other preparations for his operations.
The prospect of sitting idle at Riyadh till the middle of July was far from
attractive, and I was fortunate enough to obtain Ibn Saud’s somewhat half
hearted consent to my spending at least some part of this interval in a tour
to th$ southern limits of Najd. Accordingly on May 6th I set out from Riyadh
via Hair, Kharj, Aflaj and Sulaiyyil to Wadi A seasonal or intermittent watercourse, or the valley in which it flows. Dawasir, whence, travelling
via the plateau of Tuwaiq and visiting Haddar, Hamar, Sitara, Ghail and
Hauta, I returned to Rivadh on the 24th June after an absence of exactlv
On the 5th August, 1918 (Ibn Saud’s eldest son, Turki, having already
made an unsuccessful attempt to open the offensive against the Shammar) all
<vas ready for the beginning of the main campaign, and I accompanied Ibn
Saud from Riyadh, via Wadi A seasonal or intermittent watercourse, or the valley in which it flows. Hanifa, Washm, Sirr, Mudhuib and Anaiza,
to Buraida, where we arrived on the 25th August, 1918.
Here some further delay ensued while the various contingents of Ibn
Saud’s striking force collected, and it was not till the 9th September, 1918,
that Ibn Saud himself, refusing for reasons to be explained later to allow’ me
to accompany him, launched out against Hail. I spent the period of his
absence at Anaiza and rejoined him at Qusaiba after his return from Hail on
the 28th September, 1918.
An immediate repetition of his attack on Hail not being practicable, we
returned with the whole force of some 5,000 men to Tarafiya and thence to
Buraida, where on the 4th October I received the somewhat disconcerting
instructions of H. M.’s Government to close down operations, and in this
connection decided to go down to the coast, which I reached at Kuwait, via
Shamasiya, Zilfi, Dijani and Qaraa on the 16th October.
In all I spent some nine months of the period under report actuallv on
Arabian soil and during that time covered some 2,600 miles* in travel. 'The
gieatei part of. my journey from Riyadh to Taif and the wdiolej of my
•tourney from Riyadh to Wadi A seasonal or intermittent watercourse, or the valley in which it flows. Dawasir and back was through a country hither-
t°’ I believe, never visited by Europeans, while the circumstances of mv travel
enabled me, even in better known tracts such as Washm, Sirr and the Qasim
itself, to visit villages lying off the beaten track of previous travellers. My
map sketches have been in part compiled by Lieut.-Colonel C. Ryder, C.I.E.,
D.S.O., Director of Surveys, Mesopotamian Expeditionary Force.
6. Shaikhs of the Zubair Hinterland.
bio. the arrival of the Mission at Basrah, where a short delay w , as necessary
tor the purpose of collecting stores and equipment, I found that invitations
According to my dead reckoning calculations which were for the most part at 3 miles per
hour over good ground and to 2J miles per hour over rough or heavy going
tExcepting the District of Kharj which was visited by Lieut.-Colonel *Cunliffe Owen in
January, 1918, during my absence from Riyadh.
About this item
The file contains correspondence, memoranda, maps, and other papers relating to Middle Eastern affairs and a few other miscellaneous matters. The majority of the file concerns discussions of and proposals for the post-war settlement of Near Eastern territories, including Turkey, Armenia, Georgia, Syria, Palestine, Iraq, and the Arabian Peninsula. The basis of these discussions was the Sykes-Picot agreement of 1916.
Other matters covered by the papers include events in Siam [Thailand] and Burmah [Myanmar] and the colonial rivalry in the region between France and Britain, the Baghdad Railway, and relations with Ibn Saud in Arabia, including a report on the 1917-18 mission to Najd by Harry St John Philby (folios 67-98).
Folios 99-110 are six maps with accompanying notes that show the various proposed territorial settlements and spheres of influence in the Near East and one showing Britain's global colonial possessions.
Memoranda and correspondence comes from officials at the Foreign Office and India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. . Other correspondents include French and Italian government officials.
- Extent and format
- 1 file (110 folios)
The file is arranged in roughly chronological order, from the front to the back.
- Physical characteristics
Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the front of the envelope with 1, and terminates at the inside back last page with 110, these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.
Pagination: the file also contains an original printed pagination sequence.
- Written in
- English and French in Latin script View the complete information for this record
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- Miscellaneous correspondence, reports, maps and other papers concerning the Middle East
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