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'Mosul Question, Lausanne 1922-1923 and after - Papers, despatches, speeches - Hotel de la Mer at Lausanne - Correspondence about oil' [‎237r] (472/501)

The record is made up of 251 folios (1 file). It was created in 15 Nov 1922-3 Nov 1923. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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T.13 au^noi'l Qg GJUL.
He cent telegrams from Paris make it quite clear,
^ ^Indeed there was ever any doubt, that the Turks
.i^lend to demand the restoration of oaul/which has always
v \
figured in the "National Pact")as part of the peace
t>/r ^
f; settlement. It has therefore.become a matter of
immediate urgency that His Majesty^ Government should
decide what attitude they are to adopt towards this
It is not altogether clear whether the Turkish
demand refers only to the town of osul or to the whole
of the osul vilayet of pre-^ar days. Probably the
latter is meant. Geographically, .osul town lies near
the northern limit of the vilayet and no doubt a
boundary line could, be found separating it from the
districts further south. But politically this would
scarcely be practicable. .osul itself id a predominantly
Arab town. The plains country is also arab. On the
other hand the hill country to the east is entirely
Kurdish, while along the foothills runs a line of towns
(Erbil, Kirkuk, Kifri), whose population is almost
entirely Turcoman (speaking a dialect of 'Turkish). All
these towns lie south of liosul, the last named (Kifri)
being only some fifty miles from the northern border of
the Baghdad vilayet and less than one hundred and fifty
miles from Baghdad itself. It is certain that if the
Arab town of Mosul goes back to the Turks permanent
retention of the Turcoman towns further south win be
quite impracticable. In other words, if the town of
Mosul goes the whole vilayet goes and we shall have the
Turks within easy distance of the capital of Iraq*

About this item


Letters and papers on the frontier between Iraq (also written as Irak in the file) and Turkey, with particular reference to Mosul and questions concerning oil. The file consists mainly of correspondence between Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs George Curzon, and officials in the Foreign Office, Air Ministry, Colonial Office and Ismet Pasha An Ottoman title used after the names of certain provincial governors, high-ranking officials and military commanders. [Mustafa İsmet İnönü]. The contents of the file are as follows:

Following documents are undated:

  • Lord Balfour to League of Nations. Speech: The frontier between Turkish territory and the territory of Iraq
  • The President of the League of Nations. Reply: after Speech by Balfour
  • Typewritten report: The question of Mosul
  • Typewritten report: The Question of Mosul

The file also includes handwritten notes by Curzon on the Mosul vilayet and groups residing there.

Extent and format
251 folios (1 file)

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the front to the rear of the file.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 251; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'Mosul Question, Lausanne 1922-1923 and after - Papers, despatches, speeches - Hotel de la Mer at Lausanne - Correspondence about oil' [‎237r] (472/501), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, Mss Eur F112/294, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 10 December 2023]

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