Selected Techniques in the Art of Agriculture


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The record is made up of 145 items. It was created in 1884. It was written in Arabic and Turkish. The original is part of the Qatar National Library.

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The author of this book, Bishārah ibn Salwān Naḥūl al-Lubnānī, explains in the introduction how he had long desired to write an Arabic text on the agricultural sciences but was only able to do so after he obtained a series of agricultural texts that had been translated from French into Turkish. The book is arranged in two parts, the first on horticulture, and the second on animal husbandry. The part on horticulture opens with general topics, such as water, soil, and plant diseases. This is followed by sections on grains similar to wheat; nutritious roots; thick, rounded roots; legumes; plants that yield oils for lighting and other industrial uses; plants used for making rope, twine, and cloth; plants used as dyes; plants from which wine is extracted; sugar-bearing plants; fruit trees; trees that yield edible oils; trees with leaves that have industrial uses; annual and perennial herbs; and so on. The first part concludes with taxonomy; a temperature chart in Celsius, Fahrenheit, and Réaumur; and captions for the illustrations, all of which appear at the end of the book. Part two begins with Georges Cuvier’s classification of the animal kingdom (vertebrata, mollusca, articulata, and radiata). Practical topics discussed include: the raising of ungulates; domesticated birds; fish and fish farming; apiculture; sericulture; mammalian pests; avian pests; harmful insects; hunting; wine and beer making; and the operation of mills. The final sections of the book deal with the treatment of human diseases in the absence of a doctor.

Extent and format
145 items
Physical characteristics

2 parts in 1 volume, 261 pages ; 22 centimeters

Written in
Arabic and Turkish in Arabic and Turkish script

Archive information for this record

Access & Reference

Original held at
Qatar National Library
Access conditions


Archive reference

History of this record

1884 (CE, Gregorian)

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Selected Techniques in the Art of Agriculture, Qatar National Library, 12910, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 24 July 2019]

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