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  1. The Menial Establishment in Britain’s Political Agency, Bahrain

    ... Martin Woodward Archival Specialist, British Library There are numerous records relating to high-level British officials in the Gulf, but the letters in the India Office Establishment Files also reveal the working conditions of the lower-paid ranks of Age ...

  2. Sing, Play and Be Merry: The Unique Ṣawt Music of the Arabian Peninsula

    ... Rolf Killius Curator of Oral and Musical Cultures, British Library Ṣawt, the urban music of the Arabian Peninsula and the Gulf, has evolved from diverse musical traditions, including sea music, and was profoundly influenced by Indian, African and classica ...

  3. Country Profile: Saudi Arabia

    ... British Library Partnership Team An overview of the key moments from the history of interaction between the British and Saudi Arabia, as illustrated through the India Office Records. The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is the second largest Arab state in the worl ...

  4. The Political Residency, Bushire

    ... From the early days of its existence, the East India Company sought a secure base, known as a factory, in the Gulf from which to conduct trade with Persia. In 1763, it finally established a base which would provide some continuity to its operations, namel ...

  5. The Beginnings of Science in the Islamic World

    ... Bink Hallum Arabic Scientific Manuscripts Curator, British Library When and where did the sciences practised in the Islamic world during the so-called Golden Age originate? The sciences studied and practised in the Islamic world during its so-called Golde ...

  6. The Accidental Explorer: George Sadleir and Britain’s Entry into Central Arabia

    ... John Hayhurst Gulf History Specialist, British Library The first crossing of the Arabian Peninsula by a European, revealed in glimpses by the early correspondence of the Bushire Residency, was indicative of the East India Company beginning to look beyond ...

  7. Britain’s Ineffectual Efforts to Suppress the Slave Trade

    ... Dr Mark Hobbs Gulf History Specialist, British Library Great Britain abolished the slave trade in its Empire in 1807, yet not only did it persist in the Gulf into the latter half of the nineteenth century, it flourished amid ineffectual British efforts to ...

  8. History of the India Office Records and Private Papers

    ... Penny Brook Lead Curator India Office Records, British Library The vast trove of material held at the British Library that pertains to Britain’s Colonial exploits owe their present organisation in part to the early acknowledgement by officials in the EIC ...

  9. Bahrain’s Chief of Police Visits the UK, 1948

    ... Louis Allday Gulf History and Arabic Language Specialist, British Library The 1948 visit of Shaikh Khalīfa bin Mohammed Āl Khalīfa to Britain on a training trip arranged by the British Council provides an early example of cooperation between Britain and B ...

  10. A Rich Culture Expressed in Music- Musical Instruments in The Upper Gulf Region

    ... Rolf Killius Ethnomusicologist, Museum Consultant and Media Producer The music of the upper Gulf region is well known for its intricate rhythms, hand-clapping and sung poetry. In addition to this, its musical instruments have evolved or been incorporated ...

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