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  1. British Government Resist Modernisation of the Pearling Industry

    ... Dr Mark Hobbs Gulf History Specialist, British Library Britain’s decision to prohibit the use of modern diving suits and cultured pearls on the Gulf’s pearl banks was intended to preserve the region’s pearling industry, yet ultimately contributed to its s ...

  2. The Singing Sailor, Salim Rashid Suri: A Ṣawt Musician from Oman

    ... Rolf Killius Curator of Oral and Musical Cultures, British Library Salim Rashid Suri, an Omani ṣawt singer and oud player became famous as the ‘singing sailor’ and for developing a truly unique style, which took influence from musical sources across the M ...

  3. The British in the Gulf: an Overview

    ... Louis Allday Gulf History and Arabic Language Specialist, British Library For a period of over 150 years, from 1820 until its withdrawal in 1971, Britain was dominant in the Gulf, but the nature of British domination evolved from economic influence to pol ...

  4. The Mobility of Merchants in the Pursuit of Profit: The English Withdraw from Bushire

    ... John Hayhurst Gulf History Specialist, British Library The EIC’s departure from Bushire in 1769 was one example of how, in the 17th and 18th centuries, groups of traders would settle, then relocate, along the Gulf coast with great adaptability, going wher ...

  5. The Menial Establishment in Britain’s Political Agency, Bahrain

    ... Martin Woodward Archival Specialist, British Library There are numerous records relating to high-level British officials in the Gulf, but the letters in the India Office Establishment Files also reveal the working conditions of the lower-paid ranks of Age ...

  6. Frankincense in Dhofar: An Ancient Trade at the Centre of 19th Century Tensions

    ... Francis Owtram Gulf History Specialist, British Library In recognising the importance of the trade, British colonial records cast light on the state of the ancient trade in Frankincense in the Dhofar region at the end of the 19th century, as well as some ...

  7. The Arabic Manuscripts Collection in the British Library

    ... Dr Colin F. Baker Lead Curator Middle Eastern Studies, British Library How and why did the British Library come to hold 14,000 Arabic manuscripts within its collections? The British Library’s collection of Arabic manuscripts is internationally recognised ...

  8. Lewis Pelly’s Private Papers

    ... Karen Stapley Archival Specialist, British Library The Private Papers of One of the Gulf’s Most Important Political Residents, 1862–72, provide a fascinating insight into British Policy in the period as well as providing a more personal insight into the l ...

  9. Why Were So Many of the Greek-Arabic Translators Christians?

    ... Bink Hallum Arabic Scientific Manuscripts Curator, British Library An enormous effort was made to translate almost all known Greek literature into Arabic during the 8th to 10th centuries, and Baghdad was at the centre of this work. Why was it that so many ...

  10. The Cradle of Arabic Sawt Music: The Early Musician Generations in Kuwait

    ... Rolf Killius Ethnomusicologist, Museum Consultant and Media Producer Who were the founders of traditional ṣawt music and why did their musical journey start in Kuwait? The journalist Sarah Alzouman writes: “Traditional Kuwaiti music is enchanting in the s ...

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