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  1. Qatari History: Pivotal Moments Revealed in India Office Records

    ... Dr Mark Hobbs Gulf History Specialist, British Library From East India Company intelligence to news of the discovery of oil, the India Office Records demonstrate the exchanges that took place between Britain and Qatar over the last three centuries. Extend ...

  2. Ḥunayn ibn Isḥāq and the Rise of Arabic as a Language of Science

    ... Bink Hallum Arabic Scientific Manuscripts Curator, British Library In the ninth century, Ḥunayn ibn Ishāq decided to explain Greek terminology, instead of simply adopting it, in his translations of the medical treatises of Galen. In doing this he helped e ...

  3. Priority Air Freight to Serve Bahrain’s First Cinemas

    ... Valentina Mirabella Archival Specialist, British Library With the oil industry booming in Bahrain in the early 1930s, BAPCO oil workers, amongst others, lobbied for the first cinemas to be established. With the oil industry booming in Bahrain in the early ...

  4. Sea meets Desert: Reflections on Traditional Music in Oman

    ... Rolf Killius Curator of Oral and Musical Cultures, British Library In the Sultanate of Oman, traditional music, poetry and dance are still part and parcel of everyday life and national celebrations alike. From 9 February to 3 March 2014, I conducted resea ...

  5. The Mobility of Merchants in the Pursuit of Profit: The English Withdraw from Bushire

    ... John Hayhurst Gulf History Specialist, British Library The EIC’s departure from Bushire in 1769 was one example of how, in the 17th and 18th centuries, groups of traders would settle, then relocate, along the Gulf coast with great adaptability, going wher ...

  6. Assassination and Intrigue in Muscat 1866–68

    ... Karen Stapley Archival Specialist, British Library The struggle for power in Muscat 1866–68 following the death, in suspicious circumstances, of Sayyid Thuwaynī bin Sa‘īd Āl Bū Sa‘īd, Sultan of Muscat. In February 1866, Sayyid Thuwaynī bin Sa‘īd Āl Bū Sa‘ ...

  7. The Arabic Manuscripts Collection in the British Library

    ... Dr Colin F. Baker Lead Curator Middle Eastern Studies, British Library How and why did the British Library come to hold 14,000 Arabic manuscripts within its collections? The British Library’s collection of Arabic manuscripts is internationally recognised ...

  8. Bahrain’s Economy: Buffeted between Pearls and Oil

    ... Martin Woodward Archival Specialist, British Library With pearling in decline and oil exploitation on hold, what drove Bahrain’s economy between the World Wars? By the 1920s, the ancient trade in pearls, though still the foundation of the economy of Bahra ...

  9. Kuwait’s Majlis Movement: National and Regional Developments Brought into Focus

    ... John Hayhurst Gulf History Specialist, British Library The movement for political reform in Kuwait in 1938 signified change in the region and highlights the country’s – and Britain’s – response to the ideas and forces that delivered it. On 19 March 1938, ...

  10. British Government Resist Modernisation of the Pearling Industry

    ... Dr Mark Hobbs Gulf History Specialist, British Library Britain’s decision to prohibit the use of modern diving suits and cultured pearls on the Gulf’s pearl banks was intended to preserve the region’s pearling industry, yet ultimately contributed to its s ...

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