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  1. Passports and Politics: Britain and Persia’s Disagreements over Bahrain

    ... Dr Mark Hobbs Gulf History Specialist, British Library In 1910, British officials discovered that the Persian authorities at Bandar-e Lengeh were charging travellers a domestic rate to travel to Bahrain, reigniting a decades-long dispute over Persian clai ...

  2. Modernity meets Tradition: Reflections on Traditional Music in Qatar

    ... Rolf Killius Curator of Oral and Musical Cultures, British Library Though nowadays Qatar is well-known for its immense natural oil and gas reserves and the rapid modernisation of society, it has a rich heritage of music and dance intimately related to pea ...

  3. A Brief History of the English East India Company 1600–1858

    ... Margaret Makepeace Lead Curator East India Company Records, British Library From its origins as a small London enterprise, the East India Company (EIC) emerged as a powerful commercial and political organisation, whose presence in the Gulf helped shape th ...

  4. Lewis Pelly’s Private Papers

    ... Karen Stapley Archival Specialist, British Library The Private Papers of One of the Gulf’s Most Important Political Residents, 1862–72, provide a fascinating insight into British Policy in the period as well as providing a more personal insight into the l ...

  5. ‘For the Sake of Freedom’: British World War II Propaganda Posters in Arabic

    ... Louis Allday Gulf History and Arabic Language Specialist, British Library An unassuming financial file that forms part of the India Office Records contains an unexpected example of British, Arabic-language propaganda. An unassuming financial file that for ...

  6. When Maritime Protection Is Not Enough: Britain’s Agreement to Protect Qatar’s Borders at Sea and on Land

    ... Valentina Mirabella Archival Specialist, British Library Although British power in the Gulf was founded on maritime truces with local rulers, in the early 20th century land-based attacks increased, creating the need for new agreements. Before the discover ...

  7. The Political Residency, Bushire

    ... From the early days of its existence, the East India Company sought a secure base, known as a factory, in the Gulf from which to conduct trade with Persia. In 1763, it finally established a base which would provide some continuity to its operations, namel ...

  8. Microtones: The Piano and Muhammad Al-Qubanshi – The First Congress of Arabic Music and Early Recordings from Iraq

    ... Rolf Killius Ethnomusicologist, Museum Consultant and Media Producer Thanks to the recording sessions at the first Arabic Music Congress in 1932 in Cairo, we can still listen to a selection of early Arabic music recordings. Additionally, several documents ...

  9. ‘Abd al-Ghaffār: The First Meccan Photographer

    ... Anna Canby Monk Visual Arts Curator, British Library While much remains unknown about the life of the first Meccan photographer, al-Sayyid ‘Abd al-Ghaffār, his 1880s photographs shed light on life in the holy city. Although once described by his onetime w ...

  10. Country Profile: Iran

    ... British Library Partnership Team An overview of the key moments from the history of interaction between the British and Iran, as illustrated through the India Office Records. The Islamic Republic of Iran is a nation situated off the eastern side of the Pe ...

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