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  1. George Barnes Brucks and the First English Survey of the Gulf

    ... Dr Mark Hobbs Gulf History Specialist, British Library George Barnes Brucks was the first Englishman to survey the Gulf’s coasts in the 1820s. But while Brucks’s charts were quickly replaced by more accurate maps, his writings offer fascinating historic i ...

  2. The India Office Private Papers

    ... Penny Brook Lead Curator India Office Records, British Library The India Office Private Papers offer a personal perspective on military, political, social and economic history over the period 1750–1947; in their private correspondence and diaries, people ...

  3. The Bombay Banking Crisis

    ... Karen Stapley Archival Specialist, British Library In the 1860s, speculation on Indian cotton, followed by failed harvests left Bombay’s banks in crisis and customers struggling to access funds. Lewis Pelly was one such customer. In the early 1860s, the A ...

  4. The Death of Captain Shakespear

    ... Daniel A. Lowe Gulf History and Arabic Language Specialist, British Library A little known first-hand account, that the British Agents in Bahrain garnered by chance, sheds light on William Henry Irvine Shakespear’s death. Captain William Henry Irvine Shak ...

  5. Important Work: The British 1820 Survey that Charted the Gulf for the First Time

    ... Magdalena Peszko Map Curator, British Library Until the 19th century, European powers considered much of the Gulf coastline to be hazardous, but the 1820 survey recorded vital details that contributed to later British involvement in the region. Until the ...

  6. al-Bīrūnī: a high point in the Development of Islamic Astronomy

    ... Prof. Julio Samso Emeritus Professor of Arabic and Islamic Studies, The University of Barcelona al-Bīrūnī’s Qānūn is the most complete astronomical encyclopedia of the Middle Ages. It represents the most successful attempt to correct and rewrite Ptolemy’s ...

  7. Lewis Pelly’s Private Papers

    ... Karen Stapley Archival Specialist, British Library The Private Papers of One of the Gulf’s Most Important Political Residents, 1862–72, provide a fascinating insight into British Policy in the period as well as providing a more personal insight into the l ...

  8. Napoleon’s Agent: Monitoring the Movements of Monsieur Romieu in the East

    ... Martin Woodward Archival Specialist, British Library Against the dramatic international backdrop of the Napoleonic Wars, the British in Constantinople, Syria and Persia ensured that they kept one step ahead of a mysterious French officer. On 27 September ...

  9. ‘Persian Gulf Tragedy’: the Death and Legacy of John Gordon Lorimer

    ... Daniel A. Lowe Gulf History and Arabic Language Specialist, British Library The untimely death of John Gordon Lorimer, acting Resident in the Persian Gulf 1913–14, was seen as a tragedy. Yet, his legacy – in the form of his Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf, ...

  10. Khidma: Britain’s Pragmatic Approach to Justice in the Gulf

    ... Martin Woodward Archival Specialist, British Library Papers highlighting a difference in 1915 between Western and Arab interpretations of judicial procedure in Bahrain may not be representative of the history of Britain’s jurisdiction in the Gulf as a who ...

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