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  1. Pelly’s Unprecedented Trip to Riyadh

    ... Faysal informing him that he was en route to the capital as he believed their ‘becoming personally ... of the flora and fauna they encountered en route. These were sent to the Royal Botanical Gardens at Kew while ...

  2. al-Bīrūnī: a high point in the Development of Islamic Astronomy

    ... Prof. Julio Samso Emeritus Professor of Arabic and Islamic Studies, The University of Barcelona al-Bīrūnī’s Qānūn is the most complete astronomical encyclopedia of the Middle Ages. It represents the most successful attempt to correct and rewrite Ptolemy’s ...

  3. The Menial Establishment in Britain’s Political Agency, Bahrain

    ... Martin Woodward Archival Specialist, British Library There are numerous records relating to high-level British officials in the Gulf, but the letters in the India Office Establishment Files also reveal the working conditions of the lower-paid ranks of Age ...

  4. The Qatar Oil Concession Ushers in a New Era for British Relations with Doha

    ... Valentina Mirabella Archival Specialist, British Library Qatar’s exploratory wells were drilled relatively late, although Major Frank Holmes sought an exploratory lease in 1922. The first license for oil exploration was granted to the Anglo-Persian Oil Co ...

  5. Sing, Play and Be Merry: The Unique Ṣawt Music of the Arabian Peninsula

    ... Rolf Killius Curator of Oral and Musical Cultures, British Library Ṣawt, the urban music of the Arabian Peninsula and the Gulf, has evolved from diverse musical traditions, including sea music, and was profoundly influenced by Indian, African and classica ...

  6. The ‘Dreaded’ Death of Karim Khan Zand, Ruler of Persia

    ... Louis Allday Gulf History and Arabic Language Specialist, British Library It was an event that provoked anxiety among Persians and foreign traders alike and was to trigger a period of profound instability in Iran: the death, in 1779, of the ruler of Persi ...

  7. Sir Thomas Reade: The ‘Nincumpoop’ Collector of Arabic Manuscripts

    ... Dr Jo Wright Content Development Curator, British Library How did a fourteenth century illustrated ‘Treatise on the Art of Riding and using the Instruments of War’ end up in the British Library’s Arabic manuscript collection? A ‘Nincumpoop’ of the Napoleo ...

  8. Thesiger’s Clothes: Empire and Exploration in the Arabian Peninsula

    ... John Hayhurst Gulf History Specialist, British Library Over several centuries, the close relationship between individual explorers of the Arabian Peninsula and the British Empire was made clear in often unpublished journals and accounts held in the India ...

  9. The Dubai Incident, 1910: A Gun Battle that Damaged British relations with the Trucial Coast

    ... Martin Woodward Archival Specialist, British Library Growing tensions between the British and the Sheikh of Dubai led to a gun battle in 1910 that cost numerous lives and did long-term damage to relations between the British and locals on the Trucial Coas ...

  10. The India Office Records

    ... Penny Brook Lead Curator India Office Records, British Library The vast archive known as the India Office Records, occupying approximately nine miles of shelving in the British Library, contains the documents created or received in London by three organis ...

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