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  1. When Maritime Protection Is Not Enough: Britain’s Agreement to Protect Qatar’s Borders at Sea and on Land

    ... Valentina Mirabella Archival Specialist, British Library Although British power in the Gulf was founded on maritime truces with local rulers, in the early 20th century land-based attacks increased, creating the need for new agreements. Before the discover ...

  2. The Arabic Manuscripts Collection in the British Library

    ... Dr Colin F. Baker Lead Curator Middle Eastern Studies, British Library How and why did the British Library come to hold 14,000 Arabic manuscripts within its collections? The British Library’s collection of Arabic manuscripts is internationally recognised ...

  3. ‘Persian Gulf Tragedy’: the Death and Legacy of John Gordon Lorimer

    ... Daniel A. Lowe Gulf History and Arabic Language Specialist, British Library The untimely death of John Gordon Lorimer, acting Resident in the Persian Gulf 1913–14, was seen as a tragedy. Yet, his legacy – in the form of his Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf, ...

  4. The Making of Medical Manuals: The 'Questions and Answers' Format in Ḥunayn Ibn Isḥāq’s Medical Manuals

    ... Maria Chicco Medical Student, King's College London Ḥunayn Ibn Isḥāq: a Medieval Arab scholar who transformed his understanding of ancient Greek medical texts into manuals for the benefit of many successive generations of students. The knowledge dema ...

  5. Gwadar: the Sultan’s Possession

    ... Martin Woodward Archival Specialist, British Library Gwadar was an enclave of the Sultanate of Muscat and Oman for nearly 200 years, but records show that while the Sultans were reluctant to lose sovereignty over the territory, they were nevertheless open ...

  6. Scientific Translators and Powerful Patrons

    ... Bink Hallum Arabic Scientific Manuscripts Curator, British Library During the first four centuries of Islam, almost all the Greek scientific literature available in manuscripts was translated into Arabic in an effort, centred on Baghdad, known as the ‘tra ...

  7. Episodes from the Life of Shaikh Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa

    ... Louis Allday Gulf History and Arabic Language Specialist, British Library A number of key moments in the life of Shaikh Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa are recorded in the India Office Records. Shaikh Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa was one of the most prominent figure ...

  8. Spies, Ships and Strategic Communication: Anglo-French Competition in the Gulf

    ... Dr Francis Owtram Gulf History Specialist, British Library Due to increased tensions between the British and French, in the 1780s, the Gulf was drawn into a global battle for supremacy. Spying was a significant aspect of the struggle to control strategic ...

  9. ‘For the Sake of Freedom’: British World War II Propaganda Posters in Arabic

    ... Louis Allday Gulf History and Arabic Language Specialist, British Library An unassuming financial file that forms part of the India Office Records contains an unexpected example of British, Arabic-language propaganda. An unassuming financial file that for ...

  10. Frankincense in Dhofar: An Ancient Trade at the Centre of 19th Century Tensions

    ... Dr Francis Owtram Gulf History Specialist, British Library In recognising the importance of the trade, British colonial records cast light on the state of the ancient trade in Frankincense in the Dhofar region at the end of the 19th century, as well as so ...

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