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  1. From Persia to Iran: the Politics of the Change of Name and its Impact on the Oil Concession

    ... Valentina Mirabella Archival Specialist, British Library From 1900 to 1933 the Persian Oil Concession was the backdrop to a stand-off between the British and newly-renamed Iran. In 1900, Persian officials offered William Knox D’Arcy, an Englishman, the ch ...

  2. British Government Resist Modernisation of the Pearling Industry

    ... Dr Mark Hobbs Gulf History Specialist, British Library Britain’s decision to prohibit the use of modern diving suits and cultured pearls on the Gulf’s pearl banks was intended to preserve the region’s pearling industry, yet ultimately contributed to its s ...

  3. ‘Persian Gulf Tragedy’: the Death and Legacy of John Gordon Lorimer

    ... Daniel A. Lowe Gulf History and Arabic Language Specialist, British Library The untimely death of John Gordon Lorimer, acting Resident in the Persian Gulf 1913–14, was seen as a tragedy. Yet, his legacy – in the form of his Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf, ...

  4. A Strategic Position: British Seizures of the Island of Kharg

    ... Valentina Mirabella Archival Specialist, British Library The British Government had a strong interest in Kharg, a small, strategically placed island in the Gulf. The small island of Kharg, situated in the Gulf just off the coast of modern-day Iran, played ...

  5. The Menial Establishment in Britain’s Political Agency, Bahrain

    ... Martin Woodward Archival Specialist, British Library There are numerous records relating to high-level British officials in the Gulf, but the letters in the India Office Establishment Files also reveal the working conditions of the lower-paid ranks of Age ...

  6. Priority Air Freight to Serve Bahrain’s First Cinemas

    ... Valentina Mirabella Archival Specialist, British Library With the oil industry booming in Bahrain in the early 1930s, BAPCO oil workers, amongst others, lobbied for the first cinemas to be established. With the oil industry booming in Bahrain in the early ...

  7. Thesiger’s Clothes: Empire and Exploration in the Arabian Peninsula

    ... John Hayhurst Gulf History Specialist, British Library Over several centuries, the close relationship between individual explorers of the Arabian Peninsula and the British Empire was made clear in often unpublished journals and accounts held in the India ...

  8. The India Office: The Government, in London, of British India

    ... Antonia Moon Lead Curator Post-1858 India Office Records, British Library A government department unique in its scope and power, the India Office had a profound impact on the history of the Gulf. Following the Indian Uprisings of 1857–58, the administrati ...

  9. A Portrait of Sir Lewis Pelly

    ... Karen Stapley Archival Specialist, British Library Sir Lewis Pelly was a key figure in the history of the Gulf owing to his role, as British Political Resident, in enforcing the region’s maritime peace treaties from 1862 to 1873. Sir Lewis Pelly was a key ...

  10. Britain’s Ineffectual Efforts to Suppress the Slave Trade

    ... Dr Mark Hobbs Gulf History Specialist, British Library Great Britain abolished the slave trade in its Empire in 1807, yet not only did it persist in the Gulf into the latter half of the nineteenth century, it flourished amid ineffectual British efforts to ...

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