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  1. From Persia to Iran: the Politics of the Change of Name and its Impact on the Oil Concession

    Valentina Mirabella From 1900 to 1933 the Persian Oil Concession was the backdrop to a stand-off between the British and newly-renamed Iran. In 1900, ...


  2. The Forgotten War against Locusts that Helped Win the War

    John Hayhurst During WWII food shortages in the Middle East caused by locust swarms were tackled by a largely forgotten, but ultimately successful war ...


  3. Guns ‘n’ Seals: An Unusual Seal indicates Cultural Influences in Dubai in 1910

    Catherine Hodgkinson An Islamic seal with an unusual bird design appears on a witness statement delivered by the Sheikh of Dubai to the British Resident ...


  4. A Demonstration of British Firepower on the Trucial Coast, 1949

    Dr Mark Hobbs In the wake of Indian independence and the United States’ increasing presence, British administrators sought to remind the Gulf’s inhabitants ...


  5. Shaikh Ahmad goes to England: The Politics of Official State Visits

    Louis Allday Despite inauspicious beginnings, Shaikh Aḥmad al-Jābir Āl Ṣabāḥ’s official visit to England in 1919 proved a success. In October ...


  6. Colonial Knowledge: Lorimer’s Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf, Oman and Central Arabia

    Daniel A. Lowe J. G. Lorimer’s Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf, Oman and Central Arabia has long been used as a central source for the study of the region. ...


  7. Thesiger’s Clothes: Empire and Exploration in the Arabian Peninsula

    John Hayhurst Over several centuries, the close relationship between individual explorers of the Arabian Peninsula and the British Empire was made clear ...


  8. How the American Civil War Caused a Boom in Cotton in Persia

    Karen Stapley During the American Civil War (1861–65) cotton supplies to Britain’s textile mills dwindled, causing a boom in production elsewhere ...


  9. Mombasa: Britain’s Shortest-Lived Protectorate?

    Dr Mark Hobbs Captain Owen’s plan to take over the portal town of Mombasa on the Indian Ocean put British officials in a contentious situation with ...


  10. German Interests in the Gulf’s Pearling Industry

    Dr Mark Hobbs Germany’s desire for ‘a place in the sun’ saw her challenge Britain’s commercial dominance in the Gulf in the early years of the ...


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