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  1. The Emergence of Qatar: Pelly’s Role in Britain’s 1868 Recognition of the State

    ... Karen Stapley Archival Specialist, British Library Sir Lewis Pelly is a key figure in the history of the Gulf who, in his role as Political Resident, was Britain’s senior official in the region from 1862 to 1873. He holds particular importance for Qatar d ...

  2. The ‘Dreaded’ Death of Karim Khan Zand, Ruler of Persia

    ... Louis Allday Gulf History and Arabic Language Specialist, British Library It was an event that provoked anxiety among Persians and foreign traders alike and was to trigger a period of profound instability in Iran: the death, in 1779, of the ruler of Persi ...

  3. Frankincense in Dhofar: An Ancient Trade at the Centre of 19th Century Tensions

    ... Francis Owtram Gulf History Specialist, British Library In recognising the importance of the trade, British colonial records cast light on the state of the ancient trade in Frankincense in the Dhofar region at the end of the 19th century, as well as some ...

  4. Water, not Oil, the Most Valuable Resource in the Gulf

    ... Dr Mark Hobbs Gulf History Specialist, British Library It’s hard to imagine a natural resource as important to the history of the development of the Gulf States as oil. But in the early days of oil exploration, nothing was more important than water. It’s ...

  5. Interlocking Patterns Meet Arabic Poetry: Musical Genres in the Upper Gulf Region

    ... Rolf Killius Ethnomusicologist, Museum Consultant and Media Producer The people of the upper Gulf coast have created a rich and multifaceted musical culture. Unfortunately, these musical genres are hardly known outside this region and there is a risk that ...

  6. The Qatar Oil Concession Ushers in a New Era for British Relations with Doha

    ... Valentina Mirabella Archival Specialist, British Library Qatar’s exploratory wells were drilled relatively late, although Major Frank Holmes sought an exploratory lease in 1922. The first license for oil exploration was granted to the Anglo-Persian Oil Co ...

  7. Qatari History: Pivotal Moments Revealed in India Office Records

    ... Dr Mark Hobbs Gulf History Specialist, British Library From East India Company intelligence to news of the discovery of oil, the India Office Records demonstrate the exchanges that took place between Britain and Qatar over the last three centuries. Extend ...

  8. The Political Agency, Bahrain: Inside the Organisation that Ran Britain's Interests in Bahrain

    ... Martin Woodward Archival Specialist, British Library The establishment of the Bahrain Agency in 1900 cemented previous British interest in the Persian Gulf and set the tone for increased economic and political involvement in the 20th century. Reporting to ...

  9. Divers are a Pearl’s Best Friend: Pearl Diving in the Gulf 1840s–1930s

    ... Dr Mark Hobbs Gulf History Specialist, British Library Before oil, the inhabitants of the Gulf’s Arab coast depended on diving for natural pearls for their economic livelihoods. And, like oil, it was chiefly European and North American demand that dictate ...

  10. ‘For the Sake of Freedom’: British World War II Propaganda Posters in Arabic

    ... Louis Allday Gulf History and Arabic Language Specialist, British Library An unassuming financial file that forms part of the India Office Records contains an unexpected example of British, Arabic-language propaganda. An unassuming financial file that for ...

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