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  1. Spies, Ships and Strategic Communication: Anglo-French Competition in the Gulf

    Dr Francis Owtram Due to increased tensions between the British and French, in the 1780s, the Gulf was drawn into a global battle for supremacy. Spying ...


  2. Medieval Arabic Formularies: Compounds and Simples

    Dr Leigh Chipman The words camphor, lemon, syrup and tamarind all derive from Arabic formularies – books in which Arabic-speaking physicians and pharmacists ...


  3. Crime or Punishment? The Cruel Death of a Sailor at Bushire in 1820

    Dr Mark Hobbs The death of an African sailor who had been severely flogged for attempted desertion, exposes the brutal nature of early nineteenth-century ...


  4. The Cradle of Arabic Sawt Music: The Early Musician Generations in Kuwait

    Rolf Killius Who were the founders of traditional ṣawt music and why did their musical journey start in Kuwait? The journalist Sarah Alzouman writes: ...


  5. Fann Al-Baḥri – The Great Art of the Sea

    Rolf Killius The extremely difficult and elaborate work of sailing ships and boats for pearl-diving and fishing in the Gulf region was essential in giving ...


  6. Gwadar: the Sultan’s Possession

    Martin Woodward Gwadar was an enclave of the Sultanate of Muscat and Oman for nearly 200 years, but records show that while the Sultans were reluctant ...


  7. Diplomacy, Disease and Death: A Story of Georgian Slaves in the Gulf

    Dr Mark Hobbs The interception by an East India Company vessel in June 1853, of a Bahrain trading vessel carrying slaves in the Gulf, reveals a story ...


  8. The Brutal End of Persia’s Zand Dynasty

    Louis Allday The Death of Karim Khan Zand, ruler of Persia, in 1779 marked the beginning of a bloody period lasting 15 years and culminating in the rise ...


  9. Microtones: The Piano and Muhammad Al-Qubanshi – The First Congress of Arabic Music and Early Recordings from Iraq

    Rolf Killius Thanks to the recording sessions at the first Arabic Music Congress in 1932 in Cairo, we can still listen to a selection of early Arabic ...


  10. The Founders of Bahraini Sawt Music: Mohamed Bin Fares and Dhahi Bin Walid

    Rolf Killius Mohamed Bin Fares and Dhahi Bin Walid are regarded as the founders of the traditional urban Gulf musical genre ṣawt, which is still performed ...


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