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  1. George Barnes Brucks and the First English Survey of the Gulf

    ... Dr Mark Hobbs Gulf History Specialist, British Library George Barnes Brucks was the first Englishman to survey the Gulf’s coasts in the 1820s. But while Brucks’s charts were quickly replaced by more accurate maps, his writings offer fascinating historic i ...

  2. Ibn al-Nafīs and Pulmonary Transit

    ... Dr Nahyan Fancy Associate Professor of History, DePauw University In the thirteenth century, Ibn al-Nafīs wrote a substantial commentary on Avicenna’s entire Canon of Medicine thereby revising existing understandings of human physiology and anatomy. His t ...

  3. The Kuwait Cat’s Meat Crisis

    ... Louis Allday Gulf History and Arabic Language Specialist, British Library The arrest of a British Subject on spurious charges makes plain Britain’s dominant position in Kuwait in the late 1930s. On 11 January 1937, the British Political Agent A mid-rankin ...

  4. India Office Records Map Collection: A Vast and Powerful Resource

    ... Magdalena Peszko Map Curator, British Library By charting waters within and creating accurate maps of their spheres of influence the East India company, and later India Office, ensured that they had an advantage over competing powers. The India Office The ...

  5. Replication of an Eighteenth Century Manuscript Binding

    ... Flavio Marzo ACR Conservation Studio Manager, British Library Six videos demonstrating the replication of a specific eighteenth-century manuscript's binding by the British Library's conservator, Flavio Marzo. The parts of the video demonstrate t ...

  6. ‘Persian Gulf Tragedy’: the Death and Legacy of John Gordon Lorimer

    ... Daniel A. Lowe Gulf History and Arabic Language Specialist, British Library The untimely death of John Gordon Lorimer, acting Resident in the Persian Gulf 1913–14, was seen as a tragedy. Yet, his legacy – in the form of his Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf, ...

  7. From the Individual to the Archetypal: ‘Abd al-Ghaffār’s Edited Photographic Portraits

    ... Anna Canby Monk Visual Arts Curator, British Library The removal of original backgrounds and inscriptions reveals a tension between the photographers ‘Abd al-Ghaffār and Snouck Hurgronje in terms of their process, approach to and outlook on photography. ‘ ...

  8. The Coming of the Wireless Telegraph to Bahrain

    ... Martin Woodward Archival Specialist, British Library How a state of the art communications technology arrived in Bahrain in 1916. Before 1916 wireless telegraphy did not exist in Bahrain. Anyone wishing to communicate telegraphically had to send messages ...

  9. Scientific Translators and Powerful Patrons

    ... Bink Hallum Arabic Scientific Manuscripts Curator, British Library During the first four centuries of Islam, almost all the Greek scientific literature available in manuscripts was translated into Arabic in an effort, centred on Baghdad, known as the ‘tra ...

  10. al-Bīrūnī: a high point in the Development of Islamic Astronomy

    ... Prof. Julio Samso Emeritus Professor of Arabic and Islamic Studies, The University of Barcelona al-Bīrūnī’s Qānūn is the most complete astronomical encyclopedia of the Middle Ages. It represents the most successful attempt to correct and rewrite Ptolemy’s ...

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