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  1. Mapping Aden: The British Occupation of A Vital Trading Port

    ... Magdalena Peszko Map Curator, British Library Only by mapping and surveying Aden fully were the British able to plan for its reconstruction and fortification, thereby facilitating trade and other shipping to and from India and beyond. In 1839, when the Br ...

  2. The Singing Sailor, Salim Rashid Suri: A Ṣawt Musician from Oman

    ... Rolf Killius Curator of Oral and Musical Cultures, British Library Salim Rashid Suri, an Omani ṣawt singer and oud player became famous as the ‘singing sailor’ and for developing a truly unique style, which took influence from musical sources across the M ...

  3. Scientific Translators and Powerful Patrons

    ... Bink Hallum Arabic Scientific Manuscripts Curator, British Library During the first four centuries of Islam, almost all the Greek scientific literature available in manuscripts was translated into Arabic in an effort, centred on Baghdad, known as the ‘tra ...

  4. George Barnes Brucks and the First English Survey of the Gulf

    ... Dr Mark Hobbs Gulf History Specialist, British Library George Barnes Brucks was the first Englishman to survey the Gulf’s coasts in the 1820s. But while Brucks’s charts were quickly replaced by more accurate maps, his writings offer fascinating historic i ...

  5. The Qatar Oil Concession Ushers in a New Era for British Relations with Doha

    ... Valentina Mirabella Archival Specialist, British Library Qatar’s exploratory wells were drilled relatively late, although Major Frank Holmes sought an exploratory lease in 1922. The first license for oil exploration was granted to the Anglo-Persian Oil Co ...

  6. Sahl ibn Bishr and the Rise of Astrology in Abbasid Times

    ... Prof. Julio Samso Emeritus Professor of Arabic and Islamic Studies, The University of Barcelona Astrology was considered a scientific discipline in the Middle Ages, when political powers patronised astronomical research that was considered necessary for o ...

  7. The Cradle of Arabic Sawt Music: The Early Musician Generations in Kuwait

    ... Rolf Killius Ethnomusicologist, Museum Consultant and Media Producer Who were the founders of traditional ṣawt music and why did their musical journey start in Kuwait? The journalist Sarah Alzouman writes: “Traditional Kuwaiti music is enchanting in the s ...

  8. M. Waris Ali’s ‘Absurd’ Account: A Native Agent and the Riots at Gwadar

    ... Martin Woodward Archival Specialist, British Library Murder, suicide, communal riots, racial snobbery and a colourful, much-maligned British Agent caught up in the midst of it all: a record of life in Gwadar 1928–32. In 1929, the British Agent in Gwadar ( ...

  9. A Strategic Position: British Seizures of the Island of Kharg

    ... Valentina Mirabella Archival Specialist, British Library The British Government had a strong interest in Kharg, a small, strategically placed island in the Gulf. The small island of Kharg, situated in the Gulf just off the coast of modern-day Iran, played ...

  10. The Forgotten War against Locusts that Helped Win the War

    ... John Hayhurst Gulf History Specialist, British Library During WWII food shortages in the Middle East caused by locust swarms were tackled by a largely forgotten, but ultimately successful war supported by British administrators in the Gulf. On 26 April 19 ...

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