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  1. London to Basra in Twenty-Two Days

    ... Valentina Mirabella Archival Specialist, British Library In a pre-internet age of slow-travelling news, just how could a message be sent from London to Basra in 22 days? On 20 June 1814, a message received from London was forwarded with urgency by the Ass ...

  2. The Brutal End of Persia’s Zand Dynasty

    ... Louis Allday Gulf History and Arabic Language Specialist, British Library The Death of Karim Khan Zand, ruler of Persia, in 1779 marked the beginning of a bloody period lasting 15 years and culminating in the rise to power of the Qajar dynasty. In 1779, t ...

  3. Passports and Politics: Britain and Persia’s Disagreements over Bahrain

    ... Dr Mark Hobbs Gulf History Specialist, British Library In 1910, British officials discovered that the Persian authorities at Bandar-e Lengeh were charging travellers a domestic rate to travel to Bahrain, reigniting a decades-long dispute over Persian clai ...

  4. Mapping Aden: The British Occupation of A Vital Trading Port

    ... Magdalena Peszko Map Curator, British Library Only by mapping and surveying Aden fully were the British able to plan for its reconstruction and fortification, thereby facilitating trade and other shipping to and from India and beyond. In 1839, when the Br ...

  5. Bahrain’s Chief of Police Visits the UK, 1948

    ... Louis Allday Gulf History and Arabic Language Specialist, British Library The 1948 visit of Shaikh Khalīfa bin Mohammed Āl Khalīfa to Britain on a training trip arranged by the British Council provides an early example of cooperation between Britain and B ...

  6. A Nineteenth-Century Approach to the Conservation of Government Records

    ... Dr Mark Hobbs Gulf History Specialist, British Library Not only did the Asian subcontinent’s hot and humid climate present a significant threat to the health of British administrators, but it also presented new challenges to their business of recordkeepin ...

  7. Assassination and Intrigue in Muscat 1866–68

    ... Karen Stapley Archival Specialist, British Library The struggle for power in Muscat 1866–68 following the death, in suspicious circumstances, of Sayyid Thuwaynī bin Sa‘īd Āl Bū Sa‘īd, Sultan of Muscat. In February 1866, Sayyid Thuwaynī bin Sa‘īd Āl Bū Sa‘ ...

  8. Legal Business: The Judicial Aspects of British Rule in the Gulf

    ... Martin Woodward Archival Specialist, British Library In the early 20th century, British Officials responsible for the administration of justice in cases concerning British subjects and foreigners in the Gulf had to maintain a delicate balance, so as not t ...

  9. Charles Belgrave – The Adviser

    ... Louis Allday Gulf History and Arabic Language Specialist, British Library For over thirty years, Charles Belgrave was an immensely powerful figure in Bahrain who played an instrumental role in its development but by 1957 he had become so unpopular he was ...

  10. The British in the Gulf: an Overview

    ... Louis Allday Gulf History and Arabic Language Specialist, British Library For a period of over 150 years, from 1820 until its withdrawal in 1971, Britain was dominant in the Gulf, but the nature of British domination evolved from economic influence to pol ...

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