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  1. The British in the Gulf: an Overview

    ... Louis Allday Gulf History and Arabic Language Specialist, British Library For a period of over 150 years, from 1820 until its withdrawal in 1971, Britain was dominant in the Gulf, but the nature of British domination evolved from economic influence to pol ...

  2. The Qatar Oil Concession Ushers in a New Era for British Relations with Doha

    ... Valentina Mirabella Archival Specialist, British Library Qatar’s exploratory wells were drilled relatively late, although Major Frank Holmes sought an exploratory lease in 1922. The first license for oil exploration was granted to the Anglo-Persian Oil Co ...

  3. A Quest for Knowledge: The Basra Date Palm, the Botanical Garden in Bengal

    ... John Hayhurst Gulf History Specialist, British Library A 1787 letter requesting plants from the Persian Gulf for a newly established botanical garden in Kolkata illuminates the way in which the pursuit of scientific knowledge became part of the EIC’s glob ...

  4. The India Office Private Papers

    ... Penny Brook Lead Curator India Office Records, British Library The India Office Private Papers offer a personal perspective on military, political, social and economic history over the period 1750–1947; in their private correspondence and diaries, people ...

  5. Manumission, Not Abolition: British Mediations over Slavery in the Gulf

    ... Dr Mark Hobbs Gulf History Specialist, British Library In spite of legally abolishing slavery in its Empire in 1833, the British Government struggled to eradicate the practice in its protectorates in the Gulf. The forms of slavery that British officials e ...

  6. ‘Persian Gulf Tragedy’: the Death and Legacy of John Gordon Lorimer

    ... Daniel A. Lowe Gulf History and Arabic Language Specialist, British Library The untimely death of John Gordon Lorimer, acting Resident in the Persian Gulf 1913–14, was seen as a tragedy. Yet, his legacy – in the form of his Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf, ...

  7. Microtones: The Piano and Muhammad Al-Qubanshi – The First Congress of Arabic Music and Early Recordings from Iraq

    ... Rolf Killius Ethnomusicologist, Museum Consultant and Media Producer Thanks to the recording sessions at the first Arabic Music Congress in 1932 in Cairo, we can still listen to a selection of early Arabic music recordings. Additionally, several documents ...

  8. A Thorn in England’s Side: The Piracy of Mīr Muhannā

    ... John Hayhurst Gulf History Specialist, British Library The name Mīr Muhannā is much celebrated in Iran today because he stood up to imperialism and won. The name Mīr Muhannā (d. 1769) is much celebrated in Iran today as a heroic underdog who stood up to i ...

  9. Important Work: The British 1820 Survey that Charted the Gulf for the First Time

    ... Magdalena Peszko Map Curator, British Library Until the 19th century, European powers considered much of the Gulf coastline to be hazardous, but the 1820 survey recorded vital details that contributed to later British involvement in the region. Until the ...

  10. Diplomacy, Disease and Death: A Story of Georgian Slaves in the Gulf

    ... Toynbee (fl. 1879-80). WD1348/27, ‎f. 1r En route along the Arabian coast, the second Georgian woman fell ...

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