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  1. Births, Marriages, Deaths: Bahrain’s ‘Order in Council’ in Action

    ... Dr Mark Hobbs Gulf History Specialist, British Library Bahrain’s Order in Council gave the Political Agent the power to, on one hand, issue birth certificates, and on the other, to rule on capital punishment for convicted criminals. What links the birth, ...

  2. Priority Air Freight to Serve Bahrain’s First Cinemas

    ... Valentina Mirabella Archival Specialist, British Library With the oil industry booming in Bahrain in the early 1930s, BAPCO oil workers, amongst others, lobbied for the first cinemas to be established. With the oil industry booming in Bahrain in the early ...

  3. The Qatar Oil Concession Ushers in a New Era for British Relations with Doha

    ... Valentina Mirabella Archival Specialist, British Library Qatar’s exploratory wells were drilled relatively late, although Major Frank Holmes sought an exploratory lease in 1922. The first license for oil exploration was granted to the Anglo-Persian Oil Co ...

  4. A Quest for Knowledge: The Basra Date Palm, the Botanical Garden in Bengal

    ... John Hayhurst Gulf History Specialist, British Library A 1787 letter requesting plants from the Persian Gulf for a newly established botanical garden in Kolkata illuminates the way in which the pursuit of scientific knowledge became part of the EIC’s glob ...

  5. The 1940s: Perfect Peace in the Midst of War

    ... Martin Woodward Archival Specialist, British Library While much of the world was experiencing the effects of global war in the first half of the 1940s, the Gulf by contrast was an oasis of calm. While much of the world was experiencing the effects of glob ...

  6. India Office Records Map Collection: A Vast and Powerful Resource

    ... Magdalena Peszko Map Curator, British Library By charting waters within and creating accurate maps of their spheres of influence the East India company, and later India Office, ensured that they had an advantage over competing powers. The India Office The ...

  7. The Mobility of Merchants in the Pursuit of Profit: The English Withdraw from Bushire

    ... John Hayhurst Gulf History Specialist, British Library The EIC’s departure from Bushire in 1769 was one example of how, in the 17th and 18th centuries, groups of traders would settle, then relocate, along the Gulf coast with great adaptability, going wher ...

  8. British Government Resist Modernisation of the Pearling Industry

    ... Dr Mark Hobbs Gulf History Specialist, British Library Britain’s decision to prohibit the use of modern diving suits and cultured pearls on the Gulf’s pearl banks was intended to preserve the region’s pearling industry, yet ultimately contributed to its s ...

  9. The Political Residency, Bushire

    ... From the early days of its existence, the East India Company sought a secure base, known as a factory, in the Gulf from which to conduct trade with Persia. In 1763, it finally established a base which would provide some continuity to its operations, namel ...

  10. Britain’s ‘interest’ in Bahrain

    ... Louis Allday Gulf History and Arabic Language Specialist, British Library A candid exchange between British officials in the 1920s reveals the extent to which Britain had intervened in Bahrain in its own interest. In December 1926, a letter from the Briti ...

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