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  1. Khidma: Britain’s Pragmatic Approach to Justice in the Gulf

    Martin Woodward Papers highlighting a difference in 1915 between Western and Arab interpretations of judicial procedure in Bahrain may not be representative ...


  2. When Maritime Protection Is Not Enough: Britain’s Agreement to Protect Qatar’s Borders at Sea and on Land

    Valentina Mirabella Although British power in the Gulf was founded on maritime truces with local rulers, in the early 20th century land-based attacks ...


  3. Sea meets Desert: Reflections on Traditional Music in Oman

    Rolf Killius In the Sultanate of Oman, traditional music, poetry and dance are still part and parcel of everyday life and national celebrations alike. ...


  4. Love and Separation in Baghdad: Pesta and Rifi Songs on Shellac Discs

    Rolf Killius Pesta and Rifi Songs, which developed in the twentieth century from Iraqi maqam, became more popular because they were recorded on shellac ...


  5. al-Bīrūnī: a high point in the Development of Islamic Astronomy

    Prof. Julio Samso al-Bīrūnī’s Qānūn is the most complete astronomical encyclopedia of the Middle Ages. It represents the most successful attempt ...


  6. The Arabic Manuscripts Collection in the British Library

    Dr Colin F. Baker How and why did the British Library come to hold 14,000 Arabic manuscripts within its collections? The British Library’s collection ...


  7. Sing, Play and Be Merry: The Unique Ṣawt Music of the Arabian Peninsula

    Rolf Killius Ṣawt, the urban music of the Arabian Peninsula and the Gulf, has evolved from diverse musical traditions, including sea music, and was ...


  8. Hidden Treasures: Reflections on Traditional Music in Kuwait

    Rolf Killius Kuwait has maintained a thriving traditional music culture; in particular bahri, or sea music, and ṣawt have remained at the heart of the ...


  9. The Political Agency, Bahrain: Inside the Organisation that Ran Britain's Interests in Bahrain

    Martin Woodward The establishment of the Bahrain Agency in 1900 cemented previous British interest in the Persian Gulf and set the tone for increased ...


  10. Modernity meets Tradition: Reflections on Traditional Music in Qatar

    Rolf Killius Though nowadays Qatar is well-known for its immense natural oil and gas reserves and the rapid modernisation of society, it has a rich heritage ...


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