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  1. Creature Comforts, Wine and Spirits: Inside the Home of a Peripatetic British Agent

    ... Karen Stapley Archival Specialist, British Library ‘What can I buy from the current post holder?’ was the first consideration of a newly appointed British Agent in the Empire. Frequent moves meant that provisions, furniture and necessities for entertainin ...

  2. Water, not Oil, the Most Valuable Resource in the Gulf

    ... Dr Mark Hobbs Gulf History Specialist, British Library It’s hard to imagine a natural resource as important to the history of the development of the Gulf States as oil. But in the early days of oil exploration, nothing was more important than water. It’s ...

  3. ‘Abd al-Ghaffār: The First Meccan Photographer

    ... Anna Canby Monk Visual Arts Curator, British Library While much remains unknown about the life of the first Meccan photographer, al-Sayyid ‘Abd al-Ghaffār, his 1880s photographs shed light on life in the holy city. Although once described by his onetime w ...

  4. A Rich Culture Expressed in Music- Musical Instruments in The Upper Gulf Region

    ... Rolf Killius Ethnomusicologist, Museum Consultant and Media Producer The music of the upper Gulf region is well known for its intricate rhythms, hand-clapping and sung poetry. In addition to this, its musical instruments have evolved or been incorporated ...

  5. ‘Persian Gulf Tragedy’: the Death and Legacy of John Gordon Lorimer

    ... Daniel A. Lowe Gulf History and Arabic Language Specialist, British Library The untimely death of John Gordon Lorimer, acting Resident in the Persian Gulf 1913–14, was seen as a tragedy. Yet, his legacy – in the form of his Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf, ...

  6. Country Profile: Saudi Arabia

    ... British Library Partnership Team An overview of the key moments from the history of interaction between the British and Saudi Arabia, as illustrated through the India Office Records. The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is the second largest Arab state in the worl ...

  7. German Interests in the Gulf’s Pearling Industry

    ... Dr Mark Hobbs Gulf History Specialist, British Library Germany’s desire for ‘a place in the sun’ saw her challenge Britain’s commercial dominance in the Gulf in the early years of the twentieth century. At the beginning of the twentieth century, after thr ...

  8. Legal Business: The Judicial Aspects of British Rule in the Gulf

    ... Martin Woodward Archival Specialist, British Library In the early 20th century, British Officials responsible for the administration of justice in cases concerning British subjects and foreigners in the Gulf had to maintain a delicate balance, so as not t ...

  9. Country Profile: Iraq

    ... British Library Partnership Team An overview of the key moments from the history of interaction between the British and Iraq, as illustrated through the India Office Records. The Republic of Iraq is a country positioned at the northern end of the Gulf tha ...

  10. The Founders of Bahraini Sawt Music: Mohamed Bin Fares and Dhahi Bin Walid

    ... Rolf Killius Ethnomusicologist, Museum Consultant and Media Producer Mohamed Bin Fares and Dhahi Bin Walid are regarded as the founders of the traditional urban Gulf musical genre ṣawt, which is still performed in the region. Though the ṣawt music of diff ...

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