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  1. The Financial Troubles of Said bin Taimur

    ... Francis Owtram Gulf History Specialist, British Library The reign of Said bin Taimur was marked by financial troubles from the outset, but despite his more active role in the 1930s, a rebellion in the province of Dhofar ultimately cost him the Sultanate. ...

  2. A Thorn in England’s Side: The Piracy of Mīr Muhannā

    ... John Hayhurst Gulf History Specialist, British Library The name Mīr Muhannā is much celebrated in Iran today because he stood up to imperialism and won. The name Mīr Muhannā (d. 1769) is much celebrated in Iran today as a heroic underdog who stood up to i ...

  3. Country Profile: Oman

    ... British Library Partnership Team An overview of the key moments from the history of interaction between the British and Oman, as illustrated through the India Office Records. The Sultanate of Oman is located on the south-eastern corner of the Arabian Peni ...

  4. Sahl ibn Bishr and the Rise of Astrology in Abbasid Times

    ... Prof. Julio Samso Emeritus Professor of Arabic and Islamic Studies, The University of Barcelona Astrology was considered a scientific discipline in the Middle Ages, when political powers patronised astronomical research that was considered necessary for o ...

  5. Births, Marriages, Deaths: Bahrain’s ‘Order in Council’ in Action

    ... Dr Mark Hobbs Gulf History Specialist, British Library Bahrain’s Order in Council gave the Political Agent the power to, on one hand, issue birth certificates, and on the other, to rule on capital punishment for convicted criminals. What links the birth, ...

  6. Foundation of an Empire: The East India Company’s Early Trade in Silk and Wool

    ... John Hayhurst Gulf History Specialist, British Library While Britain’s more distinct political and strategic interests in the Gulf grew over time, it was initially a matter of textile trading with Persia that first lured them to the shores of the Gulf. Si ...

  7. A Nineteenth-Century Approach to the Conservation of Government Records

    ... Dr Mark Hobbs Gulf History Specialist, British Library Not only did the Asian subcontinent’s hot and humid climate present a significant threat to the health of British administrators, but it also presented new challenges to their business of recordkeepin ...

  8. The Indigo Trade in the Gulf in the Nineteenth Century

    ... Dr Mark Hobbs Gulf History Specialist, British Library The shipwreck in 1852 of a merchant vessel off the Oman coast, led to the plunder and loss of enough indigo to supply the entire Gulf region for a year. Human civilisation has manufactured and traded ...

  9. Love and Separation in Baghdad: Pesta and Rifi Songs on Shellac Discs

    ... Rolf Killius Curator of Oral and Musical Cultures, British Library Pesta and Rifi Songs, which developed in the twentieth century from Iraqi maqam, became more popular because they were recorded on shellac and broadcast throughout Iraq in the mid-century. ...

  10. German Interests in the Gulf’s Pearling Industry

    ... Dr Mark Hobbs Gulf History Specialist, British Library Germany’s desire for ‘a place in the sun’ saw her challenge Britain’s commercial dominance in the Gulf in the early years of the twentieth century. At the beginning of the twentieth century, after thr ...

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