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  1. German Interests in the Gulf’s Pearling Industry

    ... Dr Mark Hobbs Gulf History Specialist, British Library Germany’s desire for ‘a place in the sun’ saw her challenge Britain’s commercial dominance in the Gulf in the early years of the twentieth century. At the beginning of the twentieth century, after thr ...

  2. The India Office: The Government, in London, of British India

    ... Antonia Moon Lead Curator Post-1858 India Office Records, British Library A government department unique in its scope and power, the India Office had a profound impact on the history of the Gulf. Following the Indian Uprisings of 1857–58, the administrati ...

  3. Sahl ibn Bishr and the Rise of Astrology in Abbasid Times

    ... Prof. Julio Samso Emeritus Professor of Arabic and Islamic Studies, The University of Barcelona Astrology was considered a scientific discipline in the Middle Ages, when political powers patronised astronomical research that was considered necessary for o ...

  4. The Qatar Oil Concession Ushers in a New Era for British Relations with Doha

    ... Valentina Mirabella Archival Specialist, British Library Qatar’s exploratory wells were drilled relatively late, although Major Frank Holmes sought an exploratory lease in 1922. The first license for oil exploration was granted to the Anglo-Persian Oil Co ...

  5. Guns ‘n’ Seals: An Unusual Seal indicates Cultural Influences in Dubai in 1910

    ... Catherine Hodgkinson Archival Specialist, British Library An Islamic seal with an unusual bird design appears on a witness statement delivered by the Sheikh of Dubai to the British Resident in The Gulf, following a fatal gun battle in Dubai in 1910. At so ...

  6. Country Profile: Qatar

    ... British Library Partnership Team An overview of the key moments from the history of interaction between the British and Qatar, as illustrated through the India Office Records. Qatar is an Arab emirate situated on a peninsula on the southern coast of the G ...

  7. Crime or Punishment? The Cruel Death of a Sailor at Bushire in 1820

    ... Dr Mark Hobbs Gulf History Specialist, British Library The death of an African sailor who had been severely flogged for attempted desertion, exposes the brutal nature of early nineteenth-century maritime life, in which justice could be as capricious as a ...

  8. Manumission, Not Abolition: British Mediations over Slavery in the Gulf

    ... Dr Mark Hobbs Gulf History Specialist, British Library In spite of legally abolishing slavery in its Empire in 1833, the British Government struggled to eradicate the practice in its protectorates in the Gulf. The forms of slavery that British officials e ...

  9. How the American Civil War Caused a Boom in Cotton in Persia

    ... Karen Stapley Archival Specialist, British Library During the American Civil War (1861–65) cotton supplies to Britain’s textile mills dwindled, causing a boom in production elsewhere in the Empire. In the 1860s, cotton was a key import, supplying Britain’ ...

  10. Country Profile: Iran

    ... British Library Partnership Team An overview of the key moments from the history of interaction between the British and Iran, as illustrated through the India Office Records. The Islamic Republic of Iran is a nation situated off the eastern side of the Pe ...

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