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Report No.67 of 1863 detailing the tribes, trades and resources of the Gulf Littoral [‎8v] (16/58)

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The record is made up of 29 folios. It was created in 13 Apr 1863. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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would form the other two sides. Now trade must reach these consumers nl
one or more of the following routes:
Isf. Via Turkish Armenia from Trebizond to Tahreez.
'Ind. Via the Russian Caucassian Provinces from Poti to Tabreez.
ord. From the line of the Volga across the Caspian to Resht or Asterabad.
Ath. From Kurrachee via the Candahar line to Furrah; and tlience either
through Herat to Meshed, or through Ghayn to the Mshapoor portion of the
Teheran road.
bth. From Bunder Abbass through Yezd or Kerman.
Qth. From Bushire via Shiraz; and thence through Ispahan or Yezd.
1th. From some Port on the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. other than Bushire and Bunder
Abbass, or.
%th. Along some line between the head of the Gulf and Baghdad, and thence
continuing either into the plateau of Persia via Kermanshah, or Sinister, or else
keeping northward through the Kurds.
82. But trade coming by the first route has to meet the Turkish Custom
Houses; to traverse 500 miles of mountainous country, sometimes impassable from
snow, and oftener unsafe from plunderers until it reach Tabreez. It has then to
meet the Persian Customs, anci n sent on to JLeheran to make another land journev
of 700 miles; or if to Ispahan of 800 or more. If finally it go on to Meshed it has
a further land route of 800 miles along a frontier road, scant of water and supplies,
and broken in upon by the Turcomans of the Attruk and Goorgan.
^ 83.^ If trade come via Georgia, it has the Russian duties to pay; many
difficulties '*' i ^
from Poti to Ivhoi; then to meet the Persian Customs at
Tabrecz; and so on, as above detailed. Ii it debouche on the Caspian at
Lenkeian, it has re-shipment, re-landing, and the tropical, unroaded provinces of
Ghelan or Mazanderan to traverse, before it ascends the Ghats to Casween, or
debouches on the Meshed road, at Bostan.
84. The Volga line, though enjoying lengthened water carriage, has also
to bear a long landjourney to meet Custom houses; repeated re-shipments some
times the cost of steam transit, and eventually to land at Resht or Asterabad, and
proceed as above described.
85. If traue come from Kurrachee it must pass up either Sind or Beloochis-
tan to the Afghan Frontier, near Shawl, a distance of some 500 miles; a road
singularly rocky and mountainous if by Beloochistan, and involving the Bolan
pass if by Sind. From Shawl it has a journey of 200 miles nearly to Candahar,
and of 300 miles on to Furrah, subjected en route to Afghan interference and dues.
At Furrah it must diverge either 200 miles to Herat or 400 or 500 miles to the
Teheian load; and in either case to traverse a wild region, where the Borderers of
lAisia, Seistan, Afghanistan, and Herat meet on their conterminous frontiers.
Irom Herat to Meshed 200 miles it must travel along a Border tramped and
desolated by the Saloor, Sarookh and Tekkee Turcomans of the Moorghab and
Merve. These plunderers have already carried into slavery, the men, women, and
children, of hundreds of villages along this line; and those villages still lie waste
and tenantless. From Meshed and the Xeshapoor point the route is as before
86. For trade to proceed from any point on the Gulf other than Bushire or
Bunder Abbass would involve the opening up of a new line, along a route more
arduous, less safe, and not shorter; and the same remark would apply to the
Sinister line.
87. As to Baghdad, it seems at first glance to possess some advantages in
that trade could reach the triangle sought by shortening its land and leno-th-
ening its water transit. But merchants object, that this route would involve
sailing seagoing craft up to Busreh; of their running the gauntlet of the Turkish
Custom houses; of changing to river craft; breaking bulk; and of eventually
having to cross an unsafe tract between Baghdad and Kermanshah; there meeting
the Persian duties. Hence, this line is not availed of unless for the trade of the
* The direct road
to the Fort of
Herat leaves the
Fort cf Furrah to
its left, and passes
by Geianeh.

About this item


Report from Pelly to the Chief Secretary to Government in the Political Department, Bombay, compiled in Bushire 13 April 1863.

The report details the tribes, trade and resources of the Gulf Littoral which is divided into seven areas according to their political administration. The report also includes a list of detailed statements of imports and exports at Bushire.

Extent and format
29 folios
Physical characteristics

Item foliated in the front top right hand corner of each folio with a pencil number enclosed in a circle.

Written in
English in Latin script
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Report No.67 of 1863 detailing the tribes, trades and resources of the Gulf Littoral [‎8v] (16/58), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, Mss Eur F126/48, ff 1-29, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 28 January 2020]

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