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'File 61/13 I (D 133) Wahabis and Pilgrimage to Hedjaz' [‎179r] (369/431)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (213 folios). It was created in 21 May 1923-2 Mar 1937. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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V' ^
t)' •'
this document is the property of his britannic majesty's government
EASTERN (A rabia ). August 26, 1935,
CONFIDENTIAL, / S ection 3.
Zf./r. sfzin
[E S154/74/2S]
Mr. Calvert to Sir Samuel Hoare.—{Received A ugust 26.)
(No. 223. Confidential.)
• Jedda, August 4, 1935.
I HAVE the honour to submit herewith the usual annual report on the
pilgrimage to the Holy Places of the Hejaz in 1935. It has been prepared on the
same lines as the report for 1934, enclosed with my despatch No. 254 of the
11th August, 1934.
2. It gives me pleasure to place on record once again my appreciation of
the excellent worik of the pilgrimage officers of the Legation and of their conscien
tious and exhaustive reports, from which this general survey has been compiled.
The experience and wide knowledge of Khan Bahadur Ihsanullah, the Indian
vice-consul, have proved very valuable, whilst Haji Abdul Majid, the Malay
pilgrimage officer, Dr. Abdul Hamid, the Indian medical officer and
Mr. C. Ousman, pro-consul, whose first year of pilgrimage work this is, have
made useful contributions and deserve my thanks. I am indebted to their
respective staffs, in particular to Shah Jehan-al-Kabir, principal assistant to
the Indian vice-consul, for much laborious work undertaken in typing this report.
3. As in the past two years, copies of this despatch and enclosure are again
being sent only to the Government of India (Foreign and Political Department),
the Government of India (Department of Education, Health and Lands) and the
Government of the Straits Settlements. It will doubtless be circulated in piint
to other authorities interested in the pilgrimage.
I have, &c.
Report on the Pilgrimage of 1935 {A.H. 1353).
(1) Introductory and general
(2) Statistics
(3) Quarantine ...
(4) Health
(6) Internal transport
(6) Customs
(7) Keligious policy
(8) Mutawwifs .. •
(9) Pilgrimage tariff and
pilgrimage ...
(10) Indian pilgrimage
(11) Afghan pilgrimage
(12) Malay pilgrimage
I ndex.
cost of
... 197
... 203
... 206
... 211
... 213
West African pilgrimage
Somali pilgrimage ...
Sudanese pilgrimage
Zanzibari and East
pilgrimage ...
South African pilgrimage ...
Palestinian and Transjordanian
pilgrimage ...
Pilgrimages of Adenese and natives
of the Aden Protectorate
Muscati, Bahreini and Koweiti
Sarawak pilgrimage
(1) Introductory and General.
It is agreeable to be able to record in the compass of a few lines that Saudi
Arabia, since the last report was rendered, has passed a year relatively unvexe
by serious disturbance, internal or external. Withm her own borders peace and
security have remained unbroken, and with her neighbours her relations hav
been uniformly correct, and, with Iraq in particular, fuendly. e rea y
[12098] B

About this item


The volume consists of letters, telegrams, memoranda, and reports relating to the Hajj pilgrimage to the Holy Cities of Mecca and Medina. The majority of the correspondence is between the British Agency An office of the British Government and, earlier, of the East India Company. (later British Legation) in Jeddah, the Foreign Office, Colonial Office, and Indian Office in London, the British Residencies in Bushire and Aden, the High Commissioners in Cairo and Baghdad, the Political Agencies in Bahrain and Kuwait, and Ibn Sa'ud.

Contained in the volume are the annual reports on the pilgrimage composed by the Agent in Jeddah for the years 1929-1935 inclusive. Each report consists of some or all of the following:

  • a general introduction;
  • information on quarantine;
  • statistics;
  • information on health, transport, customs, 'mutawwifs' (pilgrim guides), religious policy, tariffs and the cost of pilgrimage, and pilgrims from other Muslim regions of the British Empire (India, Afghan, Malay, West Africa, Sudan, Iraq, Palestine, Transjordan, Sarawak, Somalia, Zanzibar and East Africa, South Africa, Aden, Hadhramaut, Muscat, Bahrain, and Kuwait).

Other documents cover the following subjects:

  • the Hajj under King Hussein and the implications of a Wahhabi conquest of the Holy Cities;
  • an attack on Yemeni pilgrims by the Ikhwan in August 1923 and the subsequent fighting;
  • an Egyptian Medical Mission to Jeddah, Mecca, and Medina to assist with the pilgrimage;
  • Jeddah's water supply;
  • a new motor road between Medina and Najaf;
  • Japanese interest in the pilgrim trade;
  • the formation and progress of a National First-Aid Society in the Hejaz and Nejd;
  • the religious tolerance of the Wahhabis, specifically the kissing of the Black Stone in Mecca.

At the back of the volume (folios 205-206) are internal office notes.

Extent and format
1 volume (213 folios)

The volume is arranged chronologically.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: The sequence starts on the first folio and continues through to the inside back cover, the numbers written in pencil, circled, and located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. The only irregularities are the first three folios (ff 1A-1C).

Fold-out folio: f 2.

There is an inconsistent and incomplete pagination sequence that is also written in pencil but is not circled.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'File 61/13 I (D 133) Wahabis and Pilgrimage to Hedjaz' [‎179r] (369/431), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/1/575, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 16 October 2019]

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