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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1743] (260/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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In 1902, the revenue payable by the Bani Turuf of the Hawizeh 1902-04.
district being greatly in arrear and the Persian Government being
about to resort to coercion, the Shaikh of Muhammareh interposed
and paid a large sum into the Persian Treasury on account of the tribe.
This advance not being repaid him, Shaikh Khaz^al in the autumn of
1903 obtained leave from the Persian Government to put pressure on
the Bani Turuf, and proceeded to collect a force of his own subjects,
with a few guns, at Bandar Muzaffari on the Karun. Before the
end of January 1904 he had received a reinforcement of some Persian
cavalry from Dizful, and the Bakhtiyari Khans had sent him a
contingent of 100 mounted men along with a complimentary message.
In February a small detachment of Persian infantry from Bushehr,
and at the beginning of March another from Dizful, joined his camp. The
Yamm-i-Nizam, as commanding the Persian military forces in 'Arabi-
stan and as representing His Royal Highness the Salar-ud-Dauleh,
who was in Luristan, also came to Bandar Muzaffari; and at the
end of March the heterogeneous force under its two leaders, advanced
on Hawizeh. The Bani Turuf submitted without resistance, and
within a fortnight it had been arranged that they should pay 8,000
Tumans immediately to a Persian official and discharge the balance of
their arrears, amounting to 50,000 Tumans, within a short period.
Hostages for the performance of this contract were offered by the
tribe, but were declined by the Shaikh of Muhammareh.
The Bani Turuf having neglected to fulfil their obligations, the 1905.
Salar-i-Mu'azzam, who presently became Governor-General of ^Arabis-
<an, was sent by the Persian Government to punish them in conjunction
with the Shiakh of Muhammareh. The joint expedition, to which
the Salar contributed 1,300 men, started on the 19th October 1905.
Again there was no fighting; but the settlement made was more
satisfactory than on the previous occasion. Out of a balance of 87,000
Tumans said to be now due by the Bani Turuf on account of seven
years arrears, it was stated that they paid up 40.000, and had given
security, though of a doubtful kind, for the remainder ; one of their
Chiefs, Haji Sabhan, who refused to submit to the overlordship of
the Shaikh of Muhammareh, was driven into exile; 'Ali Minaishid
an air 'Ah, two other chiefs, were placed in charge of the tribe ;
an another, named Sharhan was given up to Shaikh Khaz/al Khan
as a hostage.
In the same year fighting took place between the Bani Saleh and
0 urafa of Hawizeh, in which the former were victorio

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This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1743] (260/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 1 March 2024]

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