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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1744] (261/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .

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1744
Assassination
of Shaikh
Miz'al and
accession o£
Shaikh
Khaz'al
to the
Shaikhdom
of Muham-
mareh,
June 1897.
Tribal affairs
under Shaikh
Miz'al and
absorption of
the Ka'ab
Shaikhdom,
1897-1906.
1897-98.
Affairs of the Shaikhdom of Muhammareh (Southern 'Arabistan),
1896—1905.
On the 2nd June 1897 Shaikh Miz^al Khan, the ruler of Muham-
mareh, whose personal unpopularity with his subjects had become very
great, was suddenly shot dead, along with a nephew named ^Abdul Jalil,
while disembarking from a Ballam at his residence at Eailiyeh. The
actual assassins were three negroes, but a large force of Arabs and
negroes under Salman-bin-Mansur, a cousin of the Shaikh, was at hand
to support them if necessary ; and the crime was countenanced, thongh
probably not instigated, by the Shaikhs youngest brother, Khaz ; al
Khan, who was now the only other surviving son of Shaikh Jabir.
Haji Muhammad ; Ali, Rai-ut-Tujjar ; who afterwards became Khaz^al
Khan's principal adviser, was believed to have been privy to the deed.
Shaikh Miz'al Khan died regretted by none, and without issue.
Khaz'al Khan was brought from his house on the night of the
murder by Salman-bin-Mansur, and at once took charge of the affairs
of the Shaikhdom ; afterwards, having become Shaikh of the Muhaisin
by tribal election, he was recognised by the Persian Government as
Governor on their behalf of Muhammareh. The assassination of Shaikh
Miz ; al caused some local excitement, and the Arabs of Muhammareh
went armed for a few days after; but no disturbances occurred.
H. M. S. Sphinx*''' was sent to Muhammareh as a precaution, but her
presence was not required. One of the first acts of the new ruler was to
send, unsolicited, an armed guard for the protection of the British Vice-
Consulate at Muhammareh, The liberality of the new Shaikh's rule
over his subjects was generally appreciated by them as a change from the
austere selfishness of Miz'aFs later years.
The general policy, however, of the ruling family of Muhammareh,
initiated by Shaikh J abir, was in no way weakened by the change of
head. In the districts adjoining Muhammareh the administration was,
if anything, strengthened ; and before long the power of the Shaikh
showed a tendency to expand beyond its* traditional limits.
An important event was the final extinction of the Ka'ab Shaikh
dom of Fallahiyeh, which in 1895, as we have seen, was already in a
* These limits are defined in a local Arab saying that " When the Bawiyeh were
strong, Haji Jabir stopped at Salmaneh ; whon the Ka'ab were strong he was afraid
to go to Humkh. ,, The reference to Munikh suggests the defeat of the Muhaisin by
the Ka'ab there in or about 1860.

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Content

This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)
Arrangement

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1744] (261/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100023514761.0x00003b> [accessed 1 March 2024]

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