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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1876] (393/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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Treaty of
24th (12th)
Russian War
of 1826—28.
Both sides remained in arms for a year after the battle of Aslanduz,
and Lankuran was taken by the Russians at the beginning of 1813,
but upon the Aras the Russian arms made no progress. It must be
remembered that during a part of these campaigns Russia was
weighed down by serious difficulties in Europe, and especially by Napo-
leon^s invasion in 1812-13, but for which the Russian advance in
Transcaucasia would doubtless have been more rapid and more decisive.
At length, on the 24th (12th) of October 1813, peace was concluded
between Russia and Persia at Gulistan, a place in Karabagh. Russia
declined/to agree to the appearance of the British Ambassador in
Persia as a mediator between the parties, but his good offices were
accepted and utilised. The Treaty of Gulistan established a frontier,
on a basis described as the status quo ad praesentem, by which the bulk
of Georgia,—including Karabagh, but excluding Erivan and Nakhshi-
van,—was provisionally assigned to Russia ; but the tinal adjustment
of the boundary was left to be made by a joint Commission, to whom
power was even reserved of altering the proposed division of the
country in case it should be found not to correspond with the facts of
previous possession. No attempt at all was made to define the course
of the new frontier in the district of Talish, adjoining the Caspian Sea;
and the difficulty there was thrown entirely on the future Commis
sioners. An exclusive right of keeping ships of war in the Caspian
Sea was conferred on Russia; and Russia on her part undertook to
support the prince whom the Shah might nominate, as heir to the
Persian throne, against any faction that might dispute his right. An
intention of interchanging Ambassadors was expressed; the appoint
ment of Consuls or trade agents by the one power at places in the
territory of the other was authorised; and the import and export
duties leviable in Persia upon Russian merchandise were limited to a
simple 5 per cent., only once chargeable.
The Treaty of Gulistan was probably not regarded by either of the
parties as a final settlement between them; and the Shah, after an
interval, sent an Envoy to St. Petersburg to request Russia to give up
a part of the territories which she had obtained under it. In return
General Yermolofd, the Russian Governor-General of Georgia
Ambassador to Persia, visited Tehran; but, so far from his being
authorised to make any concessions, he had instructions to press a variety
of new demands of an alarming character upon the Persian Court,
Nothing, consequently, followed from this exchange of missions; and
when the Commissioners for demarcation of the frontier at length met;

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1876] (393/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 1 March 2024]

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