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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1898] (415/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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Scheme of The origin of these orders may be explained in a few words.
ment GOVer of General Malcolm reached Calcutta about the 20th of August 1808, and
India for the the result of his meeting with Lord Minto was that the latter wrote to
Kh5rag) 0n 0 Sir H. Jones at Bombay on the 22nd, desiring him to suspend his depar-
August 1808 ture for Persia. During the week that followed, a scheme for the occupa-
to February
1809. tion of the island of Kharag in the Persian Gult was propounded by the
returned Envoy; and on the 29th of October it was adopted by the
Governor-General in Council, who decided that General Malcolm should
be sent at once to carry it into effect, Sir Harford J ones being meanwhile
detained for a further period at Bombay. The object of the proposed
seizure, for it cannot be otherwise described, was to obtain a conveniently
situated and secure base for military, political, and commercial purposes,
the possession of which would secure the supremacy of British influence
over that of other European countries in the Middle East and, by the
constant menace which it held out to the Governments of Persia and
Turkish ''Iraq, would deter the Shah and the Pasha An Ottoman title used after the names of certain provincial governors, high-ranking officials and military commanders. of Baghdad from
dalliance with the European enemies of Britain.
On the 30th of September, however, it became known at the head
quarters of the Indian Government that Sir H. Jones had left Bombay
one day before the arrival there of Lord Minto's letter of the ^nd
August; and General Malcolm, who had just embarked for Bombay; was
temporarily recalled to Calcutta. Deliberations then took place which
ended in a decision by the Governor-General in Council to proceed with
the Kharag scheme, and to inform Sir H. Jones that he must forthwith
retire from Persia, else the whole of his proceedings in that country
would be repudiated by the Government of India. The result was
the despatch opened by Sir Harford at Shiraz, which reached
Bushehr, as it happened, only two days after his departure
from that place. General Malcolm^ in whose hands the political control
and the military command of the Kharag expedition were to be combined;
arrived at Bombay on the 30th November 18U8; and on the 3rd of
January 1809 he contemplated being ready to leave for Kharag in ^
days' time " with an admirably well-appointed little force of about
men .... to be followed, if it is found necessary^ by three or f our
thousand more/"'
But meanwhile news Was received from Europe of the difficulties
which Napoleon was encountering in Spain j and this led Lord Minto to
regard the danger from the French in Persia as less immediate^ and
consequently the necessity for the occupation of Kharag as less urgent;

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1898] (415/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 13 July 2024]

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