Skip to item: of 1,262
Information about this record Back to top
Open in Universal viewer
Open in Mirador IIIF viewer

'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2443] (960/1262)

This item is part of

The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


This transcription is created automatically. It may contain errors.

Apply page layout

until 1898 was served only by one fortniglitly steamer in either direction,
has now a weekly fast and a weekly slow steamer both ways; the im
provement began with the institution in 1898, on a request from the
Indian mercantile community, of a visit by the weekly slow steamer
returning to India, and >t the beginning of 1899 the call on the
upward journey was made weekly also. Arrangements were made,
subsequently to the execution of the latest contract and without modifi
cation thereof, for the inclusion of Kuwait, with effect from the 1st of
December 1904), in the fast weekly service ; but in July 1905, at the
desire of the Company, the Kuwait service was reduced to a fortnightly
slow mail; and again, in October of the same year, a weekly mail by
alternate slow and fast steamers was substituted at the instance of the
Government of India. Dibai has been a fortnightly port of call for the
slow steamers on the outward voyage since the 10th June 1904, and is
also visited on the return voyage when inducement offers. The fast
service in the Gulf was maintained for a few months, in the winter of
1904-05, by new turbine steamers able to run 18 knots an hour ; but
these were subsequently withdrawn as they were unable to push their
way through the mud on the bar of the Shatt-al-'Arab, their small
rapidly-revolving screws being quickly clogged.
Mail steamer service on the Tigris, 1863-1907.
This service began in 1863^ in accordance with an agreement 1863-66.
between the Euphrates and Tigris Steam Navigation Company and the
Secretary of State for India ; under the first contract* the subsidy was
£2,400 a year and the service was six-weekly, being carried on in con
nection with the six-weekly calls of the British India Steam Navigation
Company's vessels at Basrah, arranged in 1862. The subsidy was
paid, from the first, entirely by the Government of India. For several
years the Euphrates and Tigris Steam Navigation Company enjoyed a
virtual monopoly of the river traffic ; their only competitors were native
boats, taking sometimes 80 or 40 days to perform the voyage from Basrah
to Baghdad, which was made by the steamers in 4 or 5 days. In 1866
the Tigris subsidy was raised to £4^800 a year in consideration of the
service being made fortnightly ; and the Company of their own accord
began to run three steamers a month, calling at ' , Amarah > Kut-al-
Amarah and other places intermediate between Basrah and Baghdad,
in order to take advantage of the growing freight and passenger
In 1867 a Turkish official concern, known as the Oman-Ottoman 1
line, established a rival service on the Tigris with the avowed object
of running the British steamers off the river ; but it was badly managed,
♦A table of all the contracts for this service, up to date, will be found in Anuexure
2 to this Appendix.

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
View the complete information for this record

Use and share this item

Share this item
Cite this item in your research

'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2443] (960/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 1 March 2024]

Link to this item
Embed this item

Copy and paste the code below into your web page where you would like to embed the image.

<meta charset="utf-8"><a href="">'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [&lrm;2443] (960/1262)</a>
<a href="">
	<img src="!280,240/0/default.jpg" alt="" />
IIIF details

This record has a IIIF manifest available as follows. If you have a compatible viewer you can drag the icon to load it. in Universal viewerOpen in Mirador viewerMore options for embedding images

Use and reuse
Download this image