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‘Administration report on the Persian Gulf Political Residency and Maskat Political Agency for 1900-1901’ [‎10v] (28/144)

The record is made up of 1 volume (68 folios). It was created in 1901. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .

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■M
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, t>t7drirt the persian GULP political
administration report on 1 ^
OV THE MASKAT POL1TI-
—roil THE TEAB MOO -lMl.
«. rfr ^SiTmSi ^Ssi^st
His Highness the Sultan little or no . t . to an imm i n ent rising against
current at the be 3 u f'"f.^L'daUon" and the other breaches of mter-tnbal
^e^c^whi^b'^^® occurred during the'period, have been of the ordinary nature
inseparable fromOmanpoUtics con tinued to reach Maskat to theeffect
2. Early in April peisistent r Gbatari tribesmen against Maskat
that a combined always expressed great doubt of the possr-
was imminent, ine feuitan mmseii. ^ j offppHvfi combination, and as
favourable for the movement ° tl e a le9 g f or some time seriously discussed by the
Maskat or Muttra ^^^f^easiness among the trading community,
native public, and resu " ed " e ntua i it ie S) the Sultan arranged to increase the
In order to he prepared for eve . vu i n erable points on either side
garrisons at Kurryat ant his loyal Ghafari adherents from the
of Maskat, and suranvnied a n ^ loea ii y . Saiyid Saeed -hin-Ibrahim-bin-
liatlneh Coast to strengthen • a brother -in -law of His Highness,
Kais, the holder of the intended attack upon Maskat, also
—SX trTa^lTuh between 300 and .00 men to support the
Sult On the 13th of April,
Sim f 1, o V f\ 0 hfrestTess m tribes ) e sent in a report to the effect that there was no
me - n . fnnndaUou for the rumour that the Hinawis and Gbafans were com-
serious :°" 1 "; i a a t t 10 " e did Ilot believe that any rising at all was contemplated.
a 7ow days later the Sultan received reassuring letters from other loyal flie ^
A f ®:i L uhich served to put an end to any remaining uneasiness. The
m the SnaiUi.u , _ fn+hi«5 pvneeted risin 0 * at the time was the lengthy
caus e g e . nel ^ y ^^ l u . tive tax in force f or ^ indemnification of sufferers in
C ks C t attack on the capital." Happily this burden on the date industry has
^"^S^The incidents which follow are of a less important character, but deserve
to hbchiomcled^ ^ April information was brought in that some of the
Siabieen had fired upon a party of Mowalik in the vicinity of Bidbid, about
40 miles from Maskat, under the supposition that they were men deputed by
livid Saeed -hin-lbrahim on behalf of the Saltan to expel the garrison of the
Bidbid fort who were suspected of being in treacherous correspondence witU
Uis UiMmess's enemies. The Mowalik, not unnaturally, prepared for imme
diate retaliations but the matter was satisfactorily settled by the intervention
of the Sultan and an adequate apology from the Shaikh of the Siabieen.
Early in May news was received that Shaikh Xasir -bin-IIamed was mecli-
tatino* mischief and had asked the Beni Ruwaheh to let him make use of their
passes into the Simail valley. The latter, however, on behalf of the bultan,
closed their roads against' Shaikh Nasir, who then attempted an attack on
Nezwah, in which he signally failed, as the Sultan's Wali in that town was pre
pared for him and put ins force to rout, recovering at the same time some ntty
camels which had been looted by them. ^ ) * j •
4. Shaikh Khalfan-bin-Thenayan, who was referred to in last year s Admi
nistration Report as having been re-appointed VTali of Nakhl by the Governor ot
Simail on the latter's own authority and as having been reluctantly confirmed
in that post by the Sultan, again became a source of trouble, in that, according
to report, he incited some evilly disposed persons to kill a man of the Khumucl
tribe in the precincts of tho town itself. On hearing of this the Sultan dis
patched a party of AVahabis under the AVali of Burka to arrest this recalci
trant ollioial and to bring him a prisoner to Maskat. The Shaikh again

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Content

Administration Report on the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Residency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. and Maskat [Muscat] Political Agency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, headed by an agent. for 1900-01, published by the Office of the Superintendent of Government Printing, India, Calcutta [Kolkata], forming part of the Selections from the Records of the Government of India, Foreign Department, and based on reports sent to Government by the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. and other Agents in the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. .

The Administration Report is organised as follows:

1. General Summary , submitted by Lieutenant-Colonel Charles Arnold Kemball, Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. (folios 4-10), including reports on: the year’s rainfall, harvest and wheat embargo; the governorship of Bushire; the public peace, including cases of violent incidents; public health, including incidences of smallpox and the plague; currency; customs administration, including the establishment of Belgian customs administration in the Gulf; compensation claims; the death of Queen Victoria; Resident’s tours. The General Summary also includes summaries for towns and regions, chiefly comprising accounts of local politics: Oman and Muscat, including agreement on the location of a French coal shed; Oman Coast; Bahrain, including reports from the Katr [Qatar] peninsula; Koweit [Kuwait] and Nejd, with a report on the fighting taking place between Abdul Rahman bin Feysul el Saood [Ibn Sa‘ūd] and the Emir of Nejd, Ibn Rashīd; Persian Arabistan; Fars and the Persian Coast; Persia Baluchistan. Further reports are included on: the slave trade, including numbers of slaves manumitted by British officials in the region; incidents of piracy; naval movements, chiefly British but also one incidence of a French vessel in the Gulf; changes in British official personnel; and movements and changes in foreign representatives. Appendix A contains meteorological data for the year. Appendix B contains data from dispensary reports.

2. Administration Report of the Muscat Political Agency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, headed by an agent. , 1900-01 , submitted by Captain Percy Zachariah Cox, His Britannic Majesty’s Consul and Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. at Muscat (folios 10-14), including: reports and incidents of a tribal or local political nature at Muscat; events at Dhofar [Z̧ufār], Sohar and Soor [Sur]; a report of the Sultan’s tours; Cox’s tours as Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. ; customs administration at Muscat; taxes; a pearling dispute; arms trafficking; a visit to Muscat by the bishop of Lahore; plague; the death of Queen Victoria; naval movements at Muscat, chiefly British also French vessels; the slave trade, including numbers of slaves manumitted at Muscat; and changes in official personnel. An appendix of statistics for dispensary activities, surgical operations, and civil hospital expenditure follows the report.

3. Trade Report of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. for the Year 1900 , submitted by Kemball, in his capacity at His Britannic Majesty’s Acting Consul-General for Fars and Khuzistan (folios 15-45), including summaries of: imports; exports; harvest; the pearl fisheries; the region’s new gum (tragacanth) industry; exchange; currency; specie; mule hire rates; freight and shipping, customs administration; and a more detailed breakdown of imports and exports by specific products. An appendix follows with trade data of the principal imports and exports from various Gulf ports, and number, tonnage and nationality of vessels, for the period 1898 to 1900.

4. Trade Report for Maskat [Muscat] , 1900-01 , submitted by Cox (folios 46-47), is a separate trade report with statistical data for Muscat for 1900, with summaries of key commodities.

5. Report on the Trade and Commerce of Mohammerah [Khorramshahr] and the Kārūn river for 1900 , submitted by William McDouall, His Britannic Majesty’s Vice-Consul, Mohammerah (folios 48-52), including summaries on: exchange; imports and exports; shipping activity; freight charges; activity on the Kārūn; caravan routes; agriculture; and health in Khorramshahr. An appendix follows the report, containing tabulated trade data.

6. Trade Report of Bundar Abbas [Bandar-e ʻAbbās] for the Year 1900 , submitted by Vere Hunt, Assistant Resident and His Britannic Majesty’s Vice-Consul (folios 52-59), with summaries on: trade, and reasons for its overall reduction; customs administration; the Nushki trade route and the Bandar-e ʻAbbās to Yezd [Yazd] and Kermān road; embargo on cereals; carriage rates; exchange and specie. An appendix follows the report, containing tabulated trade data for Bandar-e ʻAbbās.

7. Report on the Trade and Commerce of the Bahrein Islands for the Year 1900 , submitted by John Calcott Gaskin, Political Assistant, dated 27 January 1901 (folios 59-67), including a summary of trade, with particular focus on the pearl market; details of imports and exports; coinage, freight and shipping. An appendix follows the report, containing tabulated trade data for Bahrain.

Extent and format
1 volume (68 folios)
Arrangement

The report is arranged into a number of parts and subsections, with statistic data in tabular format directly following written sections. There is a contents page at the front of the report (folio 3) which lists the report’s contents, and refers to the report’s own pagination sequence.

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English in Latin script
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‘Administration report on the Persian Gulf Political Residency and Maskat Political Agency for 1900-1901’ [‎10v] (28/144), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/V/23/79, No 385, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100023643550.0x00001e> [accessed 19 May 2024]

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