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'Government of Bahrain Annual Report for Year 1356 (March 1937 - February 1938)' [‎61v] (36/76)

The record is made up of 1 volume (37 folios). It was created in 1938. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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Other work carried on by the Municipality during the year included the
manufacture and sale of ice daring the summer, upkeep of lunatic asylum, sale of
meat at reduced prices during Ramadan and burial of paupers. The sum of Rs. 4 000
was set aside as a contribution towards a hospital.
The town and bazaars during the year were kept in a clean and sanitary
condition and compare very favourably with other towns in the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. . The
effective work of the Municipality is due very greatly to the activity of the Secretary
of the Municipal Council, Mohammed Saleh Shatter.
Muharraq Municipality.
I he revenue during the year was Rs. 49,418 and the expenditure Rs. 46,869.
Muharraq has not benpfited as much as Manama from improved conditions from development of the oil industry. Muharraq is, and always has been
the centre of the diving industry and this industry is in a depressed condition'
The leading men of Muharraq are the important boat owners and pearl dealers and
most of them are in a financially precarious condition. Muharraq shop-keeners and
house owners complain that until the causeway is completed there will be littlp
improvement m local trade The bazaar in Muharraq which is less up to date than
Manama, is not patronised by the money spending foreign employees of the Bahrain
PetioJeum Company and few of the Company's employees rent houses in Muharraa
The value of house property is very low, large houses, built in Arab style, can be
rented or purchased for almost half the amount which would have to be oaid for
simi ar property in Manama. The municipality of Muharraq is slightly somnolent and
apart from keeping he town comparatively clean it makes little notLable progress
Muharraq Municipality has always been content to follow the lead of the Manama
Municipality, but a considerate distance behind. Manama
work his Cleanin « and 8CaVen ^g streets the following
from eating away the lo^lytg the sea
, ,.^ d ' 0 I er th . ir i t y hous ? s ' including ' barastis' were entirely or imrtlv
demolished to widen existing roads. In snite of tbk mnuf ^ P artJ y
town are so narrow that two cars cannot pa^ A number If 'w' 3 m 1 . M u uhai ™J
were moved during work of widening roads 0f ele0tr,C 1,ght P oles
runs through ^ dem0li8hed in 0rder 40 the one road which
cleanedtn'S^rCrTde oU wasTtribuTed amZ" the t ^ ^ ^
as to how to use it and leaflets were distributed g TvZ advice abonf j^T 4 ' 011 ?
mosquito breeding. o ^ ce about prevention of
Wakf Department.
There is litttle to report on the admiuistrafinn nf ■. i r
Shia Wakf Department had the same council as during last year eW? 8 '
to be held m 1357. The department carried out its dutief witbnnt 4 f 8 due
and disturbances which have characterised nrpvirmc r , out ^e usual intrigues
Shia public have been so occupied with matters concemimr'The Shia f T he
have refrained from agitation about the Wakf Department^ y
The revenue of the Shia Wakf Demrtmpnf «ro
(luring 1356 out of which Rs. 5,600 was spent on repairs Jmosques Rs^OOO w^
spent on repairs to wakf property and Rs fiOO > v li0S(: j lies » Ms- 8,000 was
"—*• z asss so?-

About this item


This volume is the Annual Report of the Government of Bahrain for the year 1356 AH (1937-1938) and gives details of the Revenue and Expenditure of the Bahrain State and contains notes on the activities of the various Government departments, as well as the budget for the year 1357 and some particulars of importance which took place in Bahrain during the year. It includes text, photographic images and tables. The report appears to be compiled from reports from various Government departments and officials. An index appears on folio 46r, followed by a General Review by Charles Dalrymple Belgrave, Adviser to the State of Bahrain (folio 47r).

The contents are divided into the following sections and sub-sections:

  • Budget – 1356 (folio 47v);
  • Summary of Revenue and Expenditure, 1356 (folio 48r);
  • Detailed statement of Revenue and Expenditure, 1356 (folio 48v);
  • Statement of Expenditure on Public Works and Special Projects (folio 49r);
  • Notes on Revenue – 1356 (folio 49v): Oil Royalty, Customs Receipts, Rent of Aerodrome, Passport Fees, Land Registration Fees, Motor Car Taxes, Rent of Government Lands, Interest on Reserves, and Oil Gauging Fees;
  • Notes on Expenditure – 1356 (folios 49v-50v): Allowances to the Ruling Family, State Protection, Customs Department, Secretariat, Judicial Department, Land and Public Works Department, Passport Department, Education Department, Municipalities, Medical, Contingencies, Upkeep of buildings, Upkeep and construction of roads, and Unforeseen;
  • Statement of Expenditure on Public Works and Special Projects (folio 50v): Hospital, Fire Engine, New Palace, Law Courts, Agriculture, Water Cart, and Manama-Muharraq Bridge;
  • Pearl Industry (folios 51)
  • Police and Public Security (folios 51v-53r): Strength, Routine and duties, Police Buildings, Recruitment, Health, Police Families' Clinic, Police Band and Fire Bridgade, Registration of Arms and Ammunition, Mounted Section, Good Conduct Pay, Crime, Traffic Control, Liquor, and Persian Immigration;
  • Public Health (folio 53): Muharraq Dispensary, Suk al Khamis [Sūq al-Khamīs] Dispensary, Hedd [al-Ḥidd] Dispensary, Women's Clinic, Anti-Malaria Measures, and Government Hospital;
  • Land Registration Department (folio 53v): Registration of Sales, Gifts, and Titles, Revenue from Sales etc., and Programme for 1357;
  • Public Works (folios 54-57v): Administration, Roads and Buildings, Law Courts, Work-shop and Garages, Rest House and Police Station, Manama Fort, Manama Muharraq Road, Hawar Fort and Pier, Government Hospital, Muharraq Girls' School, Manama Market Buildings, and Roads;
  • Judicial Department (folios 57v-60r): Bahrain Court, Transfer of Magistrates, Bahrain Lower Court, New Regulations, Shera Court, Code of Laws, and New Law Courts;
  • Municipalities (folios 60r-61v): Manama (Election, Municipal Achievements, Road Improvements, Water Control, Bazaar Improvements, Anti-Malaria Measures, Slaughter House, Adari Spring [‘Ayn ‘Adhārī], and Pier) and Muharraq (Sea Reclamation, Roads, and Anti-Malaria Measures);
  • Wakf [Waqf] Department (folios 61v-62r);
  • Education (folio 62r): Progress, Technical School, Athletics, Students Abroad, and Girls' Schools;
  • General (folios 62v-65r): Annual Audit, New Staff, His Highness' Pilgrimage [hajj], Visit of His Royal Highness Amir Saoud [‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd, Ibn Saud], Cinema, Juma Mosque, Nationality Law, Bus Service, Broadcasting, Press Propaganda, Government Rest House, and Private Building Enterprise;
  • Electric Supply Department, report by Mr W B Steele, State Engineer (folios 65r-69r): Wiring Contracts, Temporary Wiring, Main Extension, Alterations to Mains, New Generating Set, Financial Position, Telephone Department, Transport Department, Fire Department, Traffic Section, Municipal Ice Plant, School Engineering Workshop, and General;
  • Electric Returns: Profit and Loss Account, Revenue Account, Balance Sheet (folios 69v-70v);
  • Statement of Energy generated and sold, etc. (folio 71r);
  • Customs Department, report for the year 1356 by the Director of Customs Mr C C L de Grenier (folios 71v-76r);
  • Zubara Dispute (folio 76r);
  • Budget – 1357 (Feby. 1938-Feby. 1939) (folio 77);
  • Notes on Budget – 1357 (folios 78-80).

Illustrations appear on four folios and they are labelled as follows:

  • Folio 56: 'Hawar Fort' and 'Hawar Pier';
  • Folio 59: 'Law Courts. North Aspect' and 'Law Courts. South Aspects';
  • Folio 64: 'Muharraq Girl’s School' and 'Northern Village and Bay, Hawar';
  • Folio 68: 'Law Courts, open courtyard and platform' and 'Open Courtyard in the Law Courts'.

An inscription on the front cover reads 'Printed at the Times Press, Basrah' (folio 44r).

Extent and format
1 volume (37 folios)

There is an index (folio 46r) which references pages in the report.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: Folios 44-81.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'Government of Bahrain Annual Report for Year 1356 (March 1937 - February 1938)' [‎61v] (36/76), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/1/750/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 26 May 2024]

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