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'Government of Bahrain Annual Report for Year 1356 (March 1937 - February 1938)' [‎62v] (38/76)

The record is made up of 1 volume (37 folios). It was created in 1938. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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India. In the past very few boys from Bahrain were educated abroad but during
recent years the number who go to India or to Syria has increased. The standard
of education in the Bahrain Government schools is not high, the schools are
elementary schools and those in the country do not aim at teaching more than the
three Rs so people requiring advanced education must seek it abroad. In spite of
the openings for employment w T ith the Bahrain Petroleum Company there do not
exist in Bahrain a vast number of clerical posts to be filled by locally trained boys and
any large increase in the number of young men who are educated in the schools is
likely to be a source of trouble in the future.
Girls' Schools.
The work of the girls' schools during the year has been satisfactory, the number
of pupils has increased slightly. A very successful exhibition of needlework was
held in Manama school. The work, especially embroidery, was of very high quality.
Annual Audit. According to the practice which has been adopted for
several years the accounts of all Government Departments were audited by represen
tatives of Messrs. Whinney Murray & Co., Baghdad, chartered accountants, who
visited Bahrain in the first month of the year. A report was submitted by the
accountant suggesting some minor improvements in systems of accounts. The
accounts themselves, which were those of the year 1355, were found to be in order.
New Staff. Mr. H. D. Furber was appointed Assistant State Engineer
especially to carry out the duties of gauging oil for royalty purposes and for shippino-
requirements. He commenced duties on 21st September 1937.
Mr. K. P. Narayan, previously Head Clerk, was appointed Secretary
to the Adviser, Syed Mahmood bin Syed Ahmed Alawi was appointed Head
Clerk, Adviserate.
Sardar Leader of a tribe or a polity; also refers to a military rank or title given to a commander of an army or division. Abdul Rahman Khan was appointed as Factor to His Highness
Shaikh Sir Hamad to manage His Highness's private estates.
Mr. A. M. Jaffar was appointed Superintendent, Public Works
Mr. A. C. Braganza was appointed as Accounts Officer.
His Highness's Pilgrimage. From 2nd January 1938 until 2nd March 1938
His Highness Shaikh Sir Hamad was absent from Bahrain on the Pil^rima^e
He was accompanied by numerous relations and followers, in all a party of about
seventy persons. He appointed during his absence, a Council of Regency consisting
of Shaikh Abdulla, Shaikh Sultan and, the Adviser to the Government.
Visit of His Royal Highness Amir Saoud. In December 1937 (Shawwal 1356)
His Royal Highness the Amir Saoud paid a visit to Bahrain. He was accompanied
by a number of brothers and cousins. He was the guest of the Ruler of Bahrain for
eight days. His visit coincided with the annual celebrations of His Highness Shaikh
Sir Hamad's accession.
Cinema. Permission was granted by the Government to The Bahrain Theatre
Company to open a Cinema m Bahrain and a piece of ground on the south side of
Manama town was leased to the Company on along lease. The company consists
of several of the younger Shaikhs of the Ruling Family as well as two local Arab
merchants. Building was begun during the year.
Juma Mosque. Tbe Juma Mosque in Manama was enlarged and almost
entirely re-built. Funds were collected by publ.c subscription and the (Jovernment and
H.s Highness Shaikh Sir Hamad made considerable contributions towards the work
A m-naret, which is to be 100 feet high, is in the course of construction The work
is being carried out under the supervision of a committee of local merchants

About this item


This volume is the Annual Report of the Government of Bahrain for the year 1356 AH (1937-1938) and gives details of the Revenue and Expenditure of the Bahrain State and contains notes on the activities of the various Government departments, as well as the budget for the year 1357 and some particulars of importance which took place in Bahrain during the year. It includes text, photographic images and tables. The report appears to be compiled from reports from various Government departments and officials. An index appears on folio 46r, followed by a General Review by Charles Dalrymple Belgrave, Adviser to the State of Bahrain (folio 47r).

The contents are divided into the following sections and sub-sections:

  • Budget – 1356 (folio 47v);
  • Summary of Revenue and Expenditure, 1356 (folio 48r);
  • Detailed statement of Revenue and Expenditure, 1356 (folio 48v);
  • Statement of Expenditure on Public Works and Special Projects (folio 49r);
  • Notes on Revenue – 1356 (folio 49v): Oil Royalty, Customs Receipts, Rent of Aerodrome, Passport Fees, Land Registration Fees, Motor Car Taxes, Rent of Government Lands, Interest on Reserves, and Oil Gauging Fees;
  • Notes on Expenditure – 1356 (folios 49v-50v): Allowances to the Ruling Family, State Protection, Customs Department, Secretariat, Judicial Department, Land and Public Works Department, Passport Department, Education Department, Municipalities, Medical, Contingencies, Upkeep of buildings, Upkeep and construction of roads, and Unforeseen;
  • Statement of Expenditure on Public Works and Special Projects (folio 50v): Hospital, Fire Engine, New Palace, Law Courts, Agriculture, Water Cart, and Manama-Muharraq Bridge;
  • Pearl Industry (folios 51)
  • Police and Public Security (folios 51v-53r): Strength, Routine and duties, Police Buildings, Recruitment, Health, Police Families' Clinic, Police Band and Fire Bridgade, Registration of Arms and Ammunition, Mounted Section, Good Conduct Pay, Crime, Traffic Control, Liquor, and Persian Immigration;
  • Public Health (folio 53): Muharraq Dispensary, Suk al Khamis [Sūq al-Khamīs] Dispensary, Hedd [al-Ḥidd] Dispensary, Women's Clinic, Anti-Malaria Measures, and Government Hospital;
  • Land Registration Department (folio 53v): Registration of Sales, Gifts, and Titles, Revenue from Sales etc., and Programme for 1357;
  • Public Works (folios 54-57v): Administration, Roads and Buildings, Law Courts, Work-shop and Garages, Rest House and Police Station, Manama Fort, Manama Muharraq Road, Hawar Fort and Pier, Government Hospital, Muharraq Girls' School, Manama Market Buildings, and Roads;
  • Judicial Department (folios 57v-60r): Bahrain Court, Transfer of Magistrates, Bahrain Lower Court, New Regulations, Shera Court, Code of Laws, and New Law Courts;
  • Municipalities (folios 60r-61v): Manama (Election, Municipal Achievements, Road Improvements, Water Control, Bazaar Improvements, Anti-Malaria Measures, Slaughter House, Adari Spring [‘Ayn ‘Adhārī], and Pier) and Muharraq (Sea Reclamation, Roads, and Anti-Malaria Measures);
  • Wakf [Waqf] Department (folios 61v-62r);
  • Education (folio 62r): Progress, Technical School, Athletics, Students Abroad, and Girls' Schools;
  • General (folios 62v-65r): Annual Audit, New Staff, His Highness' Pilgrimage [hajj], Visit of His Royal Highness Amir Saoud [‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd, Ibn Saud], Cinema, Juma Mosque, Nationality Law, Bus Service, Broadcasting, Press Propaganda, Government Rest House, and Private Building Enterprise;
  • Electric Supply Department, report by Mr W B Steele, State Engineer (folios 65r-69r): Wiring Contracts, Temporary Wiring, Main Extension, Alterations to Mains, New Generating Set, Financial Position, Telephone Department, Transport Department, Fire Department, Traffic Section, Municipal Ice Plant, School Engineering Workshop, and General;
  • Electric Returns: Profit and Loss Account, Revenue Account, Balance Sheet (folios 69v-70v);
  • Statement of Energy generated and sold, etc. (folio 71r);
  • Customs Department, report for the year 1356 by the Director of Customs Mr C C L de Grenier (folios 71v-76r);
  • Zubara Dispute (folio 76r);
  • Budget – 1357 (Feby. 1938-Feby. 1939) (folio 77);
  • Notes on Budget – 1357 (folios 78-80).

Illustrations appear on four folios and they are labelled as follows:

  • Folio 56: 'Hawar Fort' and 'Hawar Pier';
  • Folio 59: 'Law Courts. North Aspect' and 'Law Courts. South Aspects';
  • Folio 64: 'Muharraq Girl’s School' and 'Northern Village and Bay, Hawar';
  • Folio 68: 'Law Courts, open courtyard and platform' and 'Open Courtyard in the Law Courts'.

An inscription on the front cover reads 'Printed at the Times Press, Basrah' (folio 44r).

Extent and format
1 volume (37 folios)

There is an index (folio 46r) which references pages in the report.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: Folios 44-81.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'Government of Bahrain Annual Report for Year 1356 (March 1937 - February 1938)' [‎62v] (38/76), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/1/750/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 29 May 2024]

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