Skip to item: of 698
Information about this record Back to top
Open in Universal viewer
Open in Mirador IIIF viewer

'Government of Bahrain Annual Report for Year 1356 (March 1937 - February 1938)' [‎76v] (66/76)

The record is made up of 1 volume (37 folios). It was created in 1938. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


This transcription is created automatically. It may contain errors.

Apply page layout

was unfortunate, the former although a respectable person was illiterate and of no
political or social importance, the latter was notoriously persona non grata in
Bahrain. After the first meeting, with the concurrence of both parties, the Adviser
to the Bahrain Government took part in the negotiations. Conversations, which
were held on two or three days every week, lasted until the end of June. Although
the Bahrain representatives made every effort to reach an agreement, short of
entirely withdrawing their claim, the negotiations were a complete failure.
Towards the end of June His Highness Shaikh Hamad proposed that his
representatives should meet some of the sonior members of Shaikh Abdulla's familv
in order to discuss the matter. It was arranged that the Bahrain delegates should
meet Shaikh Abdulla s brother and son at Ghareyah on the north coast of Qatar.
The negotiations in Bahrain were terminated, by the Qatar representatives
who refused to inform their principal of the last suggestions made by Bahrain. The
nnal meeting in Bahrain ended in atmosphere of bitter acrimony.
The Bahrain representatives, accompanied by the Adviser, who abstained
from taking part in the actual discussions, arrived at Ghareyah at the end of June
and remamed there for about five days. The Bahrain party, which included some
of the young Shaikhs and about thirty retainers and servants, remained most of the
time in their launches only coming ashore for meetings. The Qatar Shaikhs
took this opportunity of staging a deliberate demonstration of force bv concent
rating large numbers of armed Bedu, on the shore who were brought to the place in
motor lorries. Ihis action did not make for the success of the negotiations which
ended m failure.
iv. - r Wa u back . fr0I *J ^hareyah, while passing the north coast of Qatar
the Bahrain launches anchored some distance out at sea and watched fighting taking
place on the shore between the Qatar forces and the Nairn. In the fighting which
ensued there were about a dozen casulties on each side, among the Naim Arabs who
were killed were several of the personal retainers of the Ruler of Bahrain' who
belonged to the Nairn tribe and had their families in Qatar and lived sometimes in
Bahrain and sometimes in Qatar. Eventually the Naim surrendered and handed
over a number of their rifles. As soon as the Qatar forces had withdrawn, the whole
>.aim tribe with their tents, families and flocks, moved over to Bahrain where
they were generously received. Later a number of them crossed from Bahrain to
Saoudi Arabia where they found better grazing for their camels and sheep than in
Bahrain. Those of Jhem who owned houses and property in Muharraq and Halat
al IS aim remamed in Bahrain.
r Jhe (Tmernment of Bahrain then terminated all intercourse with Qatar and
apart from authorised messengers there has been no intercourse between the two
states since the final events described in this note.
. Zubara, the subject of this quarrel, is a place of no apparent value. The
town is entirely in ruins, the fort is rapidly crumbling to pieces, there is no water
except a few wells which frequently become dry and the land is barren and saltv
Ihe few villages within the Zubara area are miserable groups of mud huts inhabited
by almost starving Arabs. The Khalifah, and the Arabs of Bahrain however
regard Zubara as their ancestral home, which in fact it is, they remember that their
ancestors and the early Khalifah Shaikhs built Zubara and are buried there and
ifc M ? nc ; ient f lories » although during recent years visits to Zubara bv
the Khalifah Shaikhs have been rare, yet they resent the claim of Qatar that Bahrain
has no rights over Zubara. That the reason of the quarrel is a matter of principle
and sentiment makes it all the more difficult to arrive at an understanding

About this item


This volume is the Annual Report of the Government of Bahrain for the year 1356 AH (1937-1938) and gives details of the Revenue and Expenditure of the Bahrain State and contains notes on the activities of the various Government departments, as well as the budget for the year 1357 and some particulars of importance which took place in Bahrain during the year. It includes text, photographic images and tables. The report appears to be compiled from reports from various Government departments and officials. An index appears on folio 46r, followed by a General Review by Charles Dalrymple Belgrave, Adviser to the State of Bahrain (folio 47r).

The contents are divided into the following sections and sub-sections:

  • Budget – 1356 (folio 47v);
  • Summary of Revenue and Expenditure, 1356 (folio 48r);
  • Detailed statement of Revenue and Expenditure, 1356 (folio 48v);
  • Statement of Expenditure on Public Works and Special Projects (folio 49r);
  • Notes on Revenue – 1356 (folio 49v): Oil Royalty, Customs Receipts, Rent of Aerodrome, Passport Fees, Land Registration Fees, Motor Car Taxes, Rent of Government Lands, Interest on Reserves, and Oil Gauging Fees;
  • Notes on Expenditure – 1356 (folios 49v-50v): Allowances to the Ruling Family, State Protection, Customs Department, Secretariat, Judicial Department, Land and Public Works Department, Passport Department, Education Department, Municipalities, Medical, Contingencies, Upkeep of buildings, Upkeep and construction of roads, and Unforeseen;
  • Statement of Expenditure on Public Works and Special Projects (folio 50v): Hospital, Fire Engine, New Palace, Law Courts, Agriculture, Water Cart, and Manama-Muharraq Bridge;
  • Pearl Industry (folios 51)
  • Police and Public Security (folios 51v-53r): Strength, Routine and duties, Police Buildings, Recruitment, Health, Police Families' Clinic, Police Band and Fire Bridgade, Registration of Arms and Ammunition, Mounted Section, Good Conduct Pay, Crime, Traffic Control, Liquor, and Persian Immigration;
  • Public Health (folio 53): Muharraq Dispensary, Suk al Khamis [Sūq al-Khamīs] Dispensary, Hedd [al-Ḥidd] Dispensary, Women's Clinic, Anti-Malaria Measures, and Government Hospital;
  • Land Registration Department (folio 53v): Registration of Sales, Gifts, and Titles, Revenue from Sales etc., and Programme for 1357;
  • Public Works (folios 54-57v): Administration, Roads and Buildings, Law Courts, Work-shop and Garages, Rest House and Police Station, Manama Fort, Manama Muharraq Road, Hawar Fort and Pier, Government Hospital, Muharraq Girls' School, Manama Market Buildings, and Roads;
  • Judicial Department (folios 57v-60r): Bahrain Court, Transfer of Magistrates, Bahrain Lower Court, New Regulations, Shera Court, Code of Laws, and New Law Courts;
  • Municipalities (folios 60r-61v): Manama (Election, Municipal Achievements, Road Improvements, Water Control, Bazaar Improvements, Anti-Malaria Measures, Slaughter House, Adari Spring [‘Ayn ‘Adhārī], and Pier) and Muharraq (Sea Reclamation, Roads, and Anti-Malaria Measures);
  • Wakf [Waqf] Department (folios 61v-62r);
  • Education (folio 62r): Progress, Technical School, Athletics, Students Abroad, and Girls' Schools;
  • General (folios 62v-65r): Annual Audit, New Staff, His Highness' Pilgrimage [hajj], Visit of His Royal Highness Amir Saoud [‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd, Ibn Saud], Cinema, Juma Mosque, Nationality Law, Bus Service, Broadcasting, Press Propaganda, Government Rest House, and Private Building Enterprise;
  • Electric Supply Department, report by Mr W B Steele, State Engineer (folios 65r-69r): Wiring Contracts, Temporary Wiring, Main Extension, Alterations to Mains, New Generating Set, Financial Position, Telephone Department, Transport Department, Fire Department, Traffic Section, Municipal Ice Plant, School Engineering Workshop, and General;
  • Electric Returns: Profit and Loss Account, Revenue Account, Balance Sheet (folios 69v-70v);
  • Statement of Energy generated and sold, etc. (folio 71r);
  • Customs Department, report for the year 1356 by the Director of Customs Mr C C L de Grenier (folios 71v-76r);
  • Zubara Dispute (folio 76r);
  • Budget – 1357 (Feby. 1938-Feby. 1939) (folio 77);
  • Notes on Budget – 1357 (folios 78-80).

Illustrations appear on four folios and they are labelled as follows:

  • Folio 56: 'Hawar Fort' and 'Hawar Pier';
  • Folio 59: 'Law Courts. North Aspect' and 'Law Courts. South Aspects';
  • Folio 64: 'Muharraq Girl’s School' and 'Northern Village and Bay, Hawar';
  • Folio 68: 'Law Courts, open courtyard and platform' and 'Open Courtyard in the Law Courts'.

An inscription on the front cover reads 'Printed at the Times Press, Basrah' (folio 44r).

Extent and format
1 volume (37 folios)

There is an index (folio 46r) which references pages in the report.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: Folios 44-81.

Written in
English in Latin script
View the complete information for this record

Use and share this item

Share this item
Cite this item in your research

'Government of Bahrain Annual Report for Year 1356 (March 1937 - February 1938)' [‎76v] (66/76), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/1/750/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 27 May 2024]

Link to this item
Embed this item

Copy and paste the code below into your web page where you would like to embed the image.

<meta charset="utf-8"><a href="">'Government of Bahrain Annual Report for Year 1356 (March 1937 - February 1938)' [&lrm;76v] (66/76)</a>
<a href="">
	<img src="!280,240/0/default.jpg" alt="" />
IIIF details

This record has a IIIF manifest available as follows. If you have a compatible viewer you can drag the icon to load it. in Universal viewerOpen in Mirador viewerMore options for embedding images

Use and reuse
Download this image