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File 1247/1912 Pt 1 'Turkey:- Communication to Turkish Govt of agreement between Gt. Britain and Koweit, Bahrein & Trucial Chiefs. Decorations for Sheiks of Koweit, Mohammerah & Bahrein in connection with Anglo-Turkish Convention.' [‎170r] (259/336)

The record is made up of 123 folios. It was created in 19 Oct 1896-24 Sep 1913. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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Secret Department.
foreign secret telegrams
From Viceroy, 30th August 1911.
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Foreign Secret. Your telegram of 17th August. We have consulted
Cox who has personally interviewed Sheikh of Koweit. Latter, in absence of
more definite knowledge of present negotiations, is opposed to disclosure of
details regarding agreement of f 1907, i.e., foreshore lease, firstly because
places are referred to by name in regard to which he has rejected overtures
from other quarters, secondly because it contains provisions which were
framed as a safeguard against possible contingencies which may never arise,
thirdly because publication of details would in any case cause inconvenient
gossip amongst his own subjects and would also greatly increase hostility of
Turks to him in the event of Anglo-Turkish negotiations proving abortive.
I think it would be very undesirable to furnish Porte with any part of text of
agreement. They are already aware of its existence, vide Ixiwther’s despatch
to Foreign Office, No. 396, dated 28th May 1909, and it would perhaps
suffice to inform Porte spontaneously that we have a lease of land at Koweit,
but see no necessity to discuss details. Sheikh welcomes publication of
agreement of 1899, always provided that we do not intend to diverge from it.
On the same understanding I think agreement might be communicated to
Porte, but I deprecate furnishing any part of Meade’s letter of 23rd January
1899. Disclosure of 2nd paragraph is obviously undesirable, while
paragraph 1 (? only) provides for “good offices,’’ whereas in December 1901
and October 1902 (Vide Secretary of State’s^telegrams to Government of
India, dated 4th December 1901 and 14th October 1902) Sheikh was informed
that we would not tolerate attack by Turkish troops or ships on Koweit, and
that we would protect Koweit and district against attack. I suggest that it
would suffice to append a note to copy of 1899 agreement that we had
subsequently informed Sheikh that as long as he and his heirs and successors
acted up to their obligations under the agreement we charged ourselves to
support them and to protect Koweit against attack by land or sea.
You will presumably furnish Skeikh’s agreement to prohibit import or
export of arms, vide our Secret Despatch Ntf 86, dated 5th July 1900, and
his undertaking not to allow establishment of Post Office by.any other
Government than British, vide your telegram of 19th February 1904 and
enclosure to Secret Despatch No. 152 (External), dated 27th flctober 1910. *
As regards Bahrein and trucial coast A name used by Britain from the nineteenth century to 1971 to refer to the present-day United Arab Emirates. , we have no treaties other than those
in Aitchison, which is a published work, and this being so, all or any might
be communicated to Porte. Exclusion of 32nd and 46th might be misunder
stood. Except for this, I see no objection to their exclusion.
from Secretary of State to \ iceroy, Ff/reign Department,,
1 1th 4 uqna t 1911.
Foreign Secret. Bagdad Railway. Turkish Government have asked to
see our agreements with Koweit, Bahrein, and Tmcial Chiefs. As regards
Koweit Sheikh should apparently be consulted, but in view of what is"said
in memorandum of 29th July, it seems difficult to refuse altogether or to
give only extracts,_though Foreign Office think it doubtful if we should
divulge part of 19t)< Agreement providing for annua) payment on account of
lease of land. \V hat are your views ? Meade s letter of 23rd January 1899
should presumably be included. Of Bahrein and Trucial treaties 1 proi^e
to omit Aitchison 32 and 46. Please telegraph as quickly as possible

About this item


The correspondence relates to the Anglo-Turkish Convention and assistance provided by the Shaikhs of Koweit [Kuwait] and Mahommerah [Khorramshahr] in the negotiation process, which results in the decision to bestow the award of KCSI (Knight Commander of the Order of the Star of India) on both Shaikhs.

Also discussed are:

  • the negotiations between the Ottoman Government and the Bagdad Railway Company;
  • a request by the Turkish Government for copies of agreements and conventions made by the British Government with Koweit, Bahrein [Bahrain] and the Trucial Chiefs;
  • the decision to also bestow honours of a CSI (Companion of the Order of the Star of India) on Shaikh of Bahrein and CIE (Companion of the Order of the Indian Empire) on Haji Rais, trusted confident and adviser to the Shaikh of Mahommerah.

The principal correspondents include the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs (Sir Edward Grey), the Secretary of State for India (Viscount Morley of Blackburn, Lord George F Hamilton, and Lord Crewe), the Viceroy of India (Lord Curzon, Earl of Minto), the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. (Percy Zachariah Cox), the Foreign Secretary to the Government of India (Arthur Henry McMahon), and representatives of the Foreign Office.

Extent and format
123 folios
Physical characteristics

Foliation: The foliation sequence for this description commences at f 86, and terminates at f 208, as part of a larger physical volume; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

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File 1247/1912 Pt 1 'Turkey:- Communication to Turkish Govt of agreement between Gt. Britain and Koweit, Bahrein & Trucial Chiefs. Decorations for Sheiks of Koweit, Mohammerah & Bahrein in connection with Anglo-Turkish Convention.' [‎170r] (259/336), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/10/262/1, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 21 July 2024]

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