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File 345/1908 Pt 1 'Mohammerah: situation. British assurances to Sheikh.' [‎24r] (52/416)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (203 folios). It was created in 1904-1910. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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(NO 156)
’41 /
'cfClr.n t:. 0^,
^15 APR !9lo .U
Pol lowing ore ths obiorvationr, of R.K. Con*ml aomTrrl at
Bu°»hit^ on my tolegnn.F no 152.,-
lour tologrciin no 152 to tho Porolgn Offico
Ao^uranco contoinod in oontonoo Indioo.tod will bo woleomn
to Onoikh on gonoml grounds but cV', long no Sirdar Leader of a tribe or a polity; also refers to a military rank or title given to a commander of an army or division. Aoo< d romoins
Miniotor oj Intorior* it? will not dinpono of pronont difficult^
unlo'.s wordo 'or .■uobtio.ri trib^'i 1 could bo inter pointed ftor word
: Portion Government',, In this oonnodtion see pemgro.phs
7Gy. end 9 of Trevor 5 s telogr; m np 170,
I quite realise however that in matter of retirement of
Sardar Leader of a tribe or a polity; also refers to a military rank or title given to a commander of an army or division. Assad the interests of North and South conflict and some
compromise is necessary, A change of portfolio might improve situa
tion though it would not fully appease„
It would of course be very difficult as well as incon-
.>i. j r -nt with the principle*., of our policy for us to guarantee
Arabistan against agression of nakhtiari tribe or guarantee hokh-
^i.ei' again.,t Kashg-. i but presuming that wo cannot intervene in
intertribal politics can wo reasonably persevere in forcing advice
on the Sheikh against the consequences of which we are unable to
protect him?
Ko is quite alive to necessity for maintaining strictly
constitutional ! nd loyal attitude to central Government and also
to the need of avoiding action calculated to complicate situ.tion
in Northern Persia.,
Wilson understands fron Ha.ji Rais that first result of any
ar-rrngomentoome to between three parties under reference would he
diplomatic telegram to Mod.jliss expressing complete individual and
collective loyalty to Constitution and ability and intention to
maintain order and protect trade in their respective spheres hut at
the same time urging the imprudence of placing the control of nation
■-1 c f j c irr> in the hands of tribal heads who cannot he expected to
refrain from using their position to pursue tribal rims.
Addressed to Y^0^y[ Tehran, repeated to India, J? I

About this item


The correspondence discusses the situation regarding British assurances to the Sheikh of Mohammerah. The volume includes a description of the Sheikh's perception that, despite his good behaviour towards the British he has not been afforded the support provided to other Arab sheikhs in the Gulf as in Kuwait or Bahrain. Letters include an account of the explanation given to the Sheikh of Mohammerah that Britain recognized Bahrain and Kuwait as independent, in de jure as well as de facto terms; in contrast the British recognized the Shah's sovereignty over Mohammerah.

The correspondence discusses the practicalities of a customs arrangement between the Shah and the Sheikh of Mohammerah mediated by the British. Letters consider the circumstances under which Britain could intervene militarily to protect its interests in the Karun Valley in the event of disorder arising following interference by the Shah.

The correspondence discusses the scope and form of words of the assurance to be given to the Sheikh of Mohammerah and his male descendants, in the event of disorder following from a change in the Persian regime, be it of a royalist, nationalist, or constitutional nature as well as disputes with Bakhtiari khans.

Correspondents include: Shaikh Khazal Khan, Sardar Leader of a tribe or a polity; also refers to a military rank or title given to a commander of an army or division. -i-Afra, the Shaikh of Mohammerah; The Confidential Agent of the Shaikh of Mohammerah; Major Percy Zachariah Cox, Her Majesty's Consul at Bushire; Sir Edward Grey, Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs; Acting Consul of Mohammerah.

Each part includes a divider which gives the subject and part numbers, year the subject file was opened, subject heading, and list of correspondence references contained in that part by year. This is placed at the back of the correspondence.

Extent and format
1 volume (203 folios)

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the volume. The subject 345 (Mohammerah) consists of two volumes, IOR/L/PS/10/132-133. The volumes are divided into two parts, with each part comprising one volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the first folio with 1 and terminates at the last folio with 203; these numbers are written in pencil and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.The foliation sequence does not include the front and back covers, nor does it include the one leading flyleaf.

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English in Latin script
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File 345/1908 Pt 1 'Mohammerah: situation. British assurances to Sheikh.' [‎24r] (52/416), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/10/132, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 20 July 2024]

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