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File 345/1908 Pt 1 'Mohammerah: situation. British assurances to Sheikh.' [‎148r] (300/416)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (203 folios). It was created in 1904-1910. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .

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■HMflMI
jsvg i aSk i f.<-p
j44?
(No. 123. Confidential.)
Sir, Tehran, May 21, 1908.
I HAVE the honour to transmit herewith, with reference to my telegram No. 124
of to-day’s date, copy of the despatch in which His Majesty’s Consul at Mohammerah
reports the conclusion of a formal alliance in writing between the Sheikh of Mohammerah
and the Bakhtiari Khans.
I must confess that I was quite unprepared to see the negotiations on which I
reported in my despatch Not 97 of the 23rd April arrive at a result so speedily. I
cannot entertain very sanguine hopes as to the durability of such an arrangement, but
so long as it lasts it seems calculated to assist in promoting peace and preserving order
in the regions governed by the respective Chieftains—regions where there are numerous
and important British interests—and as such I venture to think that its conclusion may
not be displeasing to His Majesty’s Government. To my mind the arrangement seems
to be a step in the right direction, and all the more satisfactory in that it was taken
without foreign instigation or assistance.
I have, &c.
(Signed) CHARLES M. MARLING.
Inclosure in No. 1.
Cons-ul McDouall to Mr. Marling.
(No. 13. Confidential.)
Sir, Mohammerah, Apiil 24, 1908.
I HAVE the honour to report that the Sardar Leader of a tribe or a polity; also refers to a military rank or title given to a commander of an army or division. Arfa went to Wais to meet the
Bakhtiari Khans ; owing to illness he was unable to remain, and Salar Arfa, Shehab-
es-Saltaneh, and Sarim-el-Mulk returned to Mohammerah with him on the 14th
April and left on the 21st. On that day they called on me with Haji Rais Tujar to
represent the Sardar Leader of a tribe or a polity; also refers to a military rank or title given to a commander of an army or division. Arfa, who was unable to come ashore owing to the abscess
he is suffering from. They informed me that they had now conferred with the
Sardar Leader of a tribe or a polity; also refers to a military rank or title given to a commander of an army or division. Arfa and made friends with him, and made a formal written alliance with him ;
that in future they are to act together, and their respective tribesmen must obey the
chief of the district, Arab or Bakhtiari, in which they happen to be. They are to act
together in loyal service to the Government and people of Persia so long as there is no
interference with the various concessions held by them respectively or increase in the
taxes demanded; but if such interference or alteration in taxes is made they will act
as one in resisting it. They hope that this will tend to render the country, and espe
cially the Ispahan road, perpetually safe. Haji Rais Tujar confirmed this, and both
parties called on me to witness that they had made this agreement, and in the event of
any dispute occurring between them they asked that we should inquire and, on finding
out with whom the fault lay, advise that party that he is in the wrong.
The Salar Arfa said that the Legation had on several occasions advised them to
make friends with the Sardar Leader of a tribe or a polity; also refers to a military rank or title given to a commander of an army or division. Arfa, and now that they had done so they hoped that the
Legation might be able to give them a certain increased amount of support in
Tehran.
1 said that I was very glad to hear that they had made friends, which should tend
to increased security for trade in these districts ; that I would report the matter to His
Majesty’s Legation and Consul-General, Bushire ; and that I would always be glad to
assist by advice in preventing any disagreement between them. It had appeared to me
that there had heen a difficulty in arranging matters before owing to the Khans them-
[1813 i —23j

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Content

The correspondence discusses the situation regarding British assurances to the Sheikh of Mohammerah. The volume includes a description of the Sheikh's perception that, despite his good behaviour towards the British he has not been afforded the support provided to other Arab sheikhs in the Gulf as in Kuwait or Bahrain. Letters include an account of the explanation given to the Sheikh of Mohammerah that Britain recognized Bahrain and Kuwait as independent, in de jure as well as de facto terms; in contrast the British recognized the Shah's sovereignty over Mohammerah.

The correspondence discusses the practicalities of a customs arrangement between the Shah and the Sheikh of Mohammerah mediated by the British. Letters consider the circumstances under which Britain could intervene militarily to protect its interests in the Karun Valley in the event of disorder arising following interference by the Shah.

The correspondence discusses the scope and form of words of the assurance to be given to the Sheikh of Mohammerah and his male descendants, in the event of disorder following from a change in the Persian regime, be it of a royalist, nationalist, or constitutional nature as well as disputes with Bakhtiari khans.

Correspondents include: Shaikh Khazal Khan, Sardar Leader of a tribe or a polity; also refers to a military rank or title given to a commander of an army or division. -i-Afra, the Shaikh of Mohammerah; The Confidential Agent of the Shaikh of Mohammerah; Major Percy Zachariah Cox, Her Majesty's Consul at Bushire; Sir Edward Grey, Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs; Acting Consul of Mohammerah.

Each part includes a divider which gives the subject and part numbers, year the subject file was opened, subject heading, and list of correspondence references contained in that part by year. This is placed at the back of the correspondence.

Extent and format
1 volume (203 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the volume. The subject 345 (Mohammerah) consists of two volumes, IOR/L/PS/10/132-133. The volumes are divided into two parts, with each part comprising one volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the first folio with 1 and terminates at the last folio with 203; these numbers are written in pencil and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.The foliation sequence does not include the front and back covers, nor does it include the one leading flyleaf.

Written in
English in Latin script
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File 345/1908 Pt 1 'Mohammerah: situation. British assurances to Sheikh.' [‎148r] (300/416), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/10/132, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100030522024.0x000065> [accessed 18 July 2024]

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