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File 345/1908 Pt 1 'Mohammerah: situation. British assurances to Sheikh.' [‎161r] (326/416)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (203 folios). It was created in 1904-1910. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .

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representative on the Council proposed that the sanitary service should be in “ strict
collaboration with the Customs,” who should use the live small steamers they had
recently acquired; he also desired the appointment of the Erench doctor of the
Russian Consulate at Bushire as Inspector-General. Representations were made to
the Russian Government, on the 24th July, in which it was pointed out that
His Majesty’s Government considered “ the present quarantine arrangements as one
of their special interests in the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. and a part of the status quo” On the
27th July the Russian Minister at Tehran assured Sir C. Spring-Rice that the proposal
of the Russian doctor had been made without his knowledge, and that care would be
taken to prevent the recurrence of a similar incident.
On the 7th November, 1907, the following measures were actually sanctioned by Mr. Morley
His Majesty’s Government* ment°of rn "
1. The provision of four stoves at Jask, Bunder Abbas, Lingah, and Mohammerak, November
under the charge of the present assistant surgeons; and of one stove at Bahrein 7 . 1907 /
under a military assistant surgeon, to be appointed on a salary of 208/. per annum.
The initial cost of the five stoves was estimated at 1,250/., and the annual recurring
expenditure on them at about 333/.
2. The provision of a Clayton apparatus at Bushire, at an initial cost of 1,000/.
3. The appointment of a mobile assistant, of the Indian Medical Service, at
Bushire, at a cost of 560/. per annum.
The total estimated cost was : 2,250/. initial; 1,100/. recurring.
On the 4th January, 1908, the purchase of a portable stove for the mobile
assistant was sanctioned, at a maximum cost of 40/.
The whole of this expenditure is to be shared equally between the Indian and
Imperial Exchequers.
The sanctioned strength of the Quarantine Establishment in the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran.
thus works out as follows : —
At Bushire.
Paid by the British Government —
One Residency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. surgeon (in executive chargeof the Quarantine Service).i
One mobile assistant (of the Indian Medical Service).
One assistant surgeon (in sub-charge of Residency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. dispensary, stove, &c.).
At other Ports.
Paid by the Persian Government —
One assistant surgeon at Bunder Abbas.
„ „ Lingah.
,, „ Mohammerah.
Paid by the British Government —
One assistant surgeon at Bahrein.
At Koweit the assistant surgeon attached to the British Agency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, headed by an agent. was empoweied by
the Sheikh in May 1907 to carry out the necessary measures for imposing quarantine
on arrivals from Bahrein. Bahrein was declared free of plague in the following July.
III .—Question of British Consular Representation in El Hasa and Katif.
(Communicated by the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. .)
The question of British Consular representation in El Hasa and K^Jif v as raised Ooveru
by the Government of India in 1904. In a despatch dated the 31s arc o 1 a j ndia , g j
year, Lord Ourzon’s Government represented that the Indian merchan s o a irem, i e tter of
trading with the mainland, were subjected to many vexatious restrictions by the March 31 ,
Turkish Customs farmer, and that official regulations at the Katif cus om- louse ia( *
* At Jask the quarantine duties are discharged by the assistant surgeon attached to the Easto
telegraph Department station. He receives a special local allowance for the purpose.
^ ? E

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Content

The correspondence discusses the situation regarding British assurances to the Sheikh of Mohammerah. The volume includes a description of the Sheikh's perception that, despite his good behaviour towards the British he has not been afforded the support provided to other Arab sheikhs in the Gulf as in Kuwait or Bahrain. Letters include an account of the explanation given to the Sheikh of Mohammerah that Britain recognized Bahrain and Kuwait as independent, in de jure as well as de facto terms; in contrast the British recognized the Shah's sovereignty over Mohammerah.

The correspondence discusses the practicalities of a customs arrangement between the Shah and the Sheikh of Mohammerah mediated by the British. Letters consider the circumstances under which Britain could intervene militarily to protect its interests in the Karun Valley in the event of disorder arising following interference by the Shah.

The correspondence discusses the scope and form of words of the assurance to be given to the Sheikh of Mohammerah and his male descendants, in the event of disorder following from a change in the Persian regime, be it of a royalist, nationalist, or constitutional nature as well as disputes with Bakhtiari khans.

Correspondents include: Shaikh Khazal Khan, Sardar Leader of a tribe or a polity; also refers to a military rank or title given to a commander of an army or division. -i-Afra, the Shaikh of Mohammerah; The Confidential Agent of the Shaikh of Mohammerah; Major Percy Zachariah Cox, Her Majesty's Consul at Bushire; Sir Edward Grey, Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs; Acting Consul of Mohammerah.

Each part includes a divider which gives the subject and part numbers, year the subject file was opened, subject heading, and list of correspondence references contained in that part by year. This is placed at the back of the correspondence.

Extent and format
1 volume (203 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the volume. The subject 345 (Mohammerah) consists of two volumes, IOR/L/PS/10/132-133. The volumes are divided into two parts, with each part comprising one volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the first folio with 1 and terminates at the last folio with 203; these numbers are written in pencil and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.The foliation sequence does not include the front and back covers, nor does it include the one leading flyleaf.

Written in
English in Latin script
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File 345/1908 Pt 1 'Mohammerah: situation. British assurances to Sheikh.' [‎161r] (326/416), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/10/132, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100030522024.0x00007f> [accessed 21 July 2024]

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