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File 345/1908 Pt 1 'Mohammerah: situation. British assurances to Sheikh.' [‎176r] (356/416)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (203 folios). It was created in 1904-1910. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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he would be placed in a very serious position, seeing that he
possesses no artillery or large supply of ammunition.
In return for such assurances from us as his heart desires he
expresses his readiness to bind himself to us in any way which
may seem to ua feasible.
The Bakhtiarls intimate that, prompted by the common sentiments
of self-preservation,they contemplate allying themselves with the
Shaikh ^Mohammerah, and in the hope of thus maintaining a position
of semi or practical independence they are anxious to enter into
a secret understanding with the British Government.
I do not feel that I can safely or usefully offer much comment
upon their respective representations, as in such a question my
field of vision is too confined to allow me to see the matter in
the right perspective. I can only say as a local officer that it
seoms toime that having by the terms of our convention with Russia
left the region affected in the neutral zone and exposed to German
enterprise, it is of the utmost importance to our interests to
CovuiCttrroLAjb the disadvantages of that cas far as pos
sible and without delay by strengthening our hold as much as we
can upon the Chiefs of South Western Persia before the opportunity
+f _
to do so passes out our control. ^
As far as the Shaikh of Mohamraerah is concerned I believe him
to be primarily quite sincere in his protestations that his inter-
ests and hopes aro centred in us* Nevertheless he is mainly promp-
ted by the dictates of self-preservation and should^failure on our
partdispel his apprehensions, it is as well to remember that he is
likely to be greatly influenced by his astute henchman and relative
Haji Rais-ut-Tujjar, who la possessed by no feelings of tradition
or sentiment or by any considerations other than those of personal
agrandisement and present profit, and would I doubt not, as lief
pursue his schemes through German auspices as ours if the former
were made sufficiently attractive to him and ours were too luke
Whether the aspirations of the Shaikh and the Khans can bt
entertained to any degree or not, X feel sure that the problem
of which they are factors will have the early,interested con

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The correspondence discusses the situation regarding British assurances to the Sheikh of Mohammerah. The volume includes a description of the Sheikh's perception that, despite his good behaviour towards the British he has not been afforded the support provided to other Arab sheikhs in the Gulf as in Kuwait or Bahrain. Letters include an account of the explanation given to the Sheikh of Mohammerah that Britain recognized Bahrain and Kuwait as independent, in de jure as well as de facto terms; in contrast the British recognized the Shah's sovereignty over Mohammerah.

The correspondence discusses the practicalities of a customs arrangement between the Shah and the Sheikh of Mohammerah mediated by the British. Letters consider the circumstances under which Britain could intervene militarily to protect its interests in the Karun Valley in the event of disorder arising following interference by the Shah.

The correspondence discusses the scope and form of words of the assurance to be given to the Sheikh of Mohammerah and his male descendants, in the event of disorder following from a change in the Persian regime, be it of a royalist, nationalist, or constitutional nature as well as disputes with Bakhtiari khans.

Correspondents include: Shaikh Khazal Khan, Sardar Leader of a tribe or a polity; also refers to a military rank or title given to a commander of an army or division. -i-Afra, the Shaikh of Mohammerah; The Confidential Agent of the Shaikh of Mohammerah; Major Percy Zachariah Cox, Her Majesty's Consul at Bushire; Sir Edward Grey, Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs; Acting Consul of Mohammerah.

Each part includes a divider which gives the subject and part numbers, year the subject file was opened, subject heading, and list of correspondence references contained in that part by year. This is placed at the back of the correspondence.

Extent and format
1 volume (203 folios)

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the volume. The subject 345 (Mohammerah) consists of two volumes, IOR/L/PS/10/132-133. The volumes are divided into two parts, with each part comprising one volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the first folio with 1 and terminates at the last folio with 203; these numbers are written in pencil and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.The foliation sequence does not include the front and back covers, nor does it include the one leading flyleaf.

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English in Latin script
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File 345/1908 Pt 1 'Mohammerah: situation. British assurances to Sheikh.' [‎176r] (356/416), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/10/132, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 18 July 2024]

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