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'File X/3 Disorders & Raids near Basra & in Koweit [Kuwait] Hinterland' [‎71r] (141/303)

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The record is made up of 1 file (150 folios). It was created in 20 Apr 1909-23 Sep 1917. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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This file contains correspondence between British officials regarding the conflict between the Ruler of Kuwait, Shaikh Mubarak Al Sabah, and Shaikh Sa'dun Al Mansur of the Muntafich [Muntafiq] tribe as well as political developments in Kuwait and the Ottoman Province of Basra related to protracted tribal unrest and fighting in that region more broadly.

The majority of the correspondence in the file is between British officials (including the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. in Kuwait, Captain William Shakespear, and the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. , Major Percy Zachariah Cox), but also enclosed are copies of a series of letters (in Arabic with English translations) that were exchanged between Shaikh Mubarak and the Ottoman Governor of Basra in 1911 (folios 85-96,120-121 & 124-125).

In addition to correspondence, the file contains several relevant extracts from the diary of the Political Agency An office of the British Government and, earlier, of the East India Company. in Kuwait, including detailed descriptions of a number of armed clashes between the forces of Shaikh Mubarak and Shaikh Sa'dun.

The file also contains a memorandum entitled 'Disturbances on the Tigris' written in 1909 by Francis Edward Crow, the British Consul in Basra (folios 8-13) and a cutting in Arabic from the Cairo newspaper Al Moayed from 19 June 1910 that gives details of a battle between a force under the leadership of Shaikh Jaber Mubarak Al Sabah and Shaikh Sa'dun Al Mansur (folio 71).

The file also contains correspondence concerning the robbery of a British individual named William Hickey in Kuwait in 1910 (folios 63-65).

Extent and format
1 file (150 folios)

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the front to the rear of the file.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the main foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 152; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. An additional foliation sequence is present in parallel between ff 2-151; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled. A previous foliation sequence, which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'File X/3 Disorders & Raids near Basra & in Koweit [Kuwait] Hinterland' [‎71r] (141/303), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/5/26, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 17 February 2020]

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