Tuḥfat al-Fuḥūl fī tamhīd al-uṣūl fī ‘ilm al-biḥār تحفة الفحول في تمهيد الأصول في علم البحار Mahrī, Sulaymān ibn Aḥmad مهري، سليمان بن أحمد

Or 15643

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The record is made up of Codex A collection of pages, usually gathered into quires, and bound between covers. ; ff. 5+i. It was created in 15 Jumādá II 1153. It was written in Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: Oriental Manuscripts.

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Content

A manual on the principles of navigational theory by Sulaymān ibn Aḥmad ibn Sulaymān al-Mahrī (سليمان بن أحمد بن سليمان المهري, fl. 16th century), here called al-Muḥammadī (المحمدي), an Indian Ocean navigator from the city of al-Shiḥr (الشحر), Yemen. The treatise is arranged in seven parts (أبواب).

This copy was completed on 15 Jumādá II 1153/7 September 1740 at Ṣuḥār (صحار, in the Sultanate of Oman) by ‘Abd Allāh ibn Aḥmad al-Ma‘qilī al-Sa‘dī (عبد الله بن أحمد المعقلي السعدي; see colophon Section at the end of a manuscript text. , f. 5r, lines 16-18, transcribed below).

Contents:

Begins (f. 1v, lines 2-4):

الحمد لله رب العالمين والصلاة والسلام على سيدنا محمد النبي

بن عبد الله سيد الأولين والآخرين وعىل آله وأصحبه أجمعين

أما بعد فهذا كتاب لطيف حجمه كثير علمه في أصول علم البحر

Ends (f. 5r, lines 11-15):

... تنبيه اعلم أن

أخذ علم كل مكان من أهله فهو من أصح من أخذه من الغير

إلا أن كان الغير قد جربه وهو ممن يعتد به في الفن أو كان

ذلك الغير مجربًا محققًا وصاحب المكان قليل المعرفة بالفن

فمن المحقق أصح وبالله التوفيق وهو حسبنا ونعم الوكيل

Colophon Section at the end of a manuscript text. (f. 5r, lines 16-18):

فرغ من نسخه عبد الله بن أحمد المعقلي السعدي ببندر

صحار يوم الربوع في خامس عشر من جمادى الثانية سنة

ثلاث وخمسين ومائة وألف والحمد لله وحده

Extent and format
Codex A collection of pages, usually gathered into quires, and bound between covers. ; ff. 5+i
Physical characteristics

Material: Paper

Dimensions: 220 x 145 mm leaf [159 x 104 mm written]

Foliation: British Museum foliation in pencil

Ruling: Misṭarah ; 26 lines per page; vertical spacing 16 lines per 10 cm

Script: Naskh ; the scribe is ‘Abd Allāh ibn Aḥmad al-Ma‘qilī (عبد الله بن أحمد المعقلي السعدي)

Ink: Black ink, with rubricated headings

Binding: Morocco binding, with gold tooled borders

Condition: Excellent

Marginalia: None

Written in
Arabic in Arabic script
Type
Manuscript

Archive information for this record

Access & Reference

Original held at
British Library: Oriental Manuscripts
Access conditions

Unrestricted

Archive reference
Or 15643

History of this record

Date(s)
15 Jumādá II 1153 (AH, Hijri qamari)
Context of creation

Ṣuḥār, Oman

Related material

Select Bibliography

Edition:

  • Arab Nautical Sciences: Navigational Texts and Their Analysis , vol. 1, Ibrahim Khoury, ed, (Damascus : Arab Academy of Damascus, 1970)

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Tuḥfat al-Fuḥūl fī tamhīd al-uṣūl fī ‘ilm al-biḥār تحفة الفحول في تمهيد الأصول في علم البحار Mahrī, Sulaymān ibn Aḥmad مهري، سليمان بن أحمد, British Library: Oriental Manuscripts, Or 15643, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100022574863.0x000001> [accessed 25 May 2019]

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